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indefinite pronouns (Неопределенные местоимения) 1 КУРС
indefinite pronouns (Неопределенные местоимения) 1 КУРС
Some –несколько, некоторый, некоторое количество Используются в
Some –несколько, некоторый, некоторое количество Используются в
Something Someone Somebody somewhere
Something Someone Somebody somewhere
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MUCH and MANY
MUCH and MANY
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FEW and LITTLE
FEW and LITTLE

Презентация: «Indefinite pronouns». Автор: Ivdovina. Файл: «Indefinite pronouns.ppt». Размер zip-архива: 217 КБ.

Indefinite pronouns

содержание презентации «Indefinite pronouns.ppt»
СлайдТекст
1 indefinite pronouns (Неопределенные местоимения) 1 КУРС

indefinite pronouns (Неопределенные местоимения) 1 КУРС

INDEFINITE PRONOUNS (Неопределенные местоимения) 1 КУРС

Вдовина Ирина Александровна

2 Some –несколько, некоторый, некоторое количество Используются в

Some –несколько, некоторый, некоторое количество Используются в

утвердительных предложениях There is some juice in the glass. Any – несколько, некоторое количество используется в отрицательных и вопросительных предложениях There is not any juice in the glass. Is there any juice in the glass? No – нет, отсутствие используется в отрицательных предложениях There is no juice in the glass.

3 Something Someone Somebody somewhere

Something Someone Somebody somewhere

Anything Anybody Anyone Anywhere

Nothing Nobody nowhere

Everything Everybody everywhere

Somebody is knocking at the door. Give me something to read. If anything happens, ring me up immediately. Anybody can do that. -Did you go anywhere yesterday? - No, I didn`t , but I shall go somewhere tomorrow.

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89. Вставьте some, any или по. There are pictures in the book. Are there new students in your group? There are old houses in our street. Are there English text­books on the desks? - - Yes, there are Are there maps on the walls? —No, there aren't Are there pens on the desk? - - Yes, there are Are there sweets in your bag? - - Yes, there are Have you got English books at home? -- Yes, I have There are beauti­ful pictures in the magazine. Look at them. There is ink in my pen: I cannot write

no/ some

any

No/some

any

some

any

any

some

any

some

any

some

any

some

no

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89. Вставьте some, any или по.

There are pictures in the book. Are there new students in your group? There are old houses in our street. Are there English text­books on the desks? - - Yes, there are Are there maps on the walls? —No, there aren't Are there pens on the desk? - - Yes, there are Are there sweets in your bag? - - Yes, there are Have you got English books at home? -- Yes, I have There are beauti­ful pictures in the magazine. Look at them. There is ink in my pen: I cannot write

no

some

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92. Вставьте something, anything, nothing или everything. 1. is all right, the patient is much better today! 2. Is there interesting in the program of the concert? 3. I could see : it was quite dark. 4. Give me to drink. 5. I didn't take any money with me so I couldn't buy 6. My new eyeglasses are very good, I can see now. 7.1 saw near the wood that looked like a tent.

Everything

anything

nothing

something

anything

everything

something

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93. Вставьте something, anything, nothing или everything. Give me to read, please. - With pleasure, I don't know about your town. Tell me about it. Please give me warm: it is cold here. I understand now. Thank you for your explanation. There is white in the box. 'What is it? Is there that you want to tell me? Where is the book? — It is on the table. - No, there is there.

something

anything

something

something

everything

something

anything

nothing

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94. Вставьте somebody, anybody, nobody или everybody. 1. Has in this group got a dictionary? 2. left a magazine in our classroom yesterday. 3. The question was so difficult that could answer it. 4. I am afraid I shan't be able to find in the office now: it is too late. 5. knows that water is necessary for life. 6. Is there here who knows French? 7. You must find who can help you. 8. knew anything about America before Colum­bus discovered it. 9. I saw in the train yesterday who looked like you. 10. There is in the next room. I don't know him. 11. Please tell us the sto­ry. knows it. 12. Is there in my group who lives in the dormitory? 13. Has here got a red pencil? 14. can answer this question. It is very easy.

anybody

somebody

nobody

anybody

Everybody

anybody

somebody

Nobody

somebody

somebody

Nobody

anybody

anybody

Everybody

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95. Заполните пропуски, вставив одно из слов, данных в скобках. 1. We haven't black stockings 2 They have red boots, Kate. 3. I don't want today, thank you 4. "I haven't got clean exercise-books, Mother," said the boy. 5. "We shall not buy in this shop, children," said the mother. 6. Didn't you buy potatoes yesterday? 7.1 didn't see in the street when I went out.8. We did not play games in the yard because it was raining all day long. 9. There is at home. 10. How much did you pay for these boots? - I didn't pay They are a present from my grandmother. 11. Have you lost ? - No, nobody here has lost

any

no

anything

any

anything

any

anybody

any

nobody

anything

anything

anything

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96. Поставьте следующие предложения в отрицательную и вопросительную форму. 1. They have not done anything. – Have they done anything? 2. He has not given them any money. – Has he given any money? 3. You have not brought anything for us. – Have you brought anything for us? 4. I have not taken any English books from you. – Have you taken any English books? 5. She was not reading anything.- Was she reading anything? 6. He has not written a letter to anybody.- Has he written a letter to anybody? 7. Anybody by the name of Petrov does not live on the third floor. Does anybody by the name of Petrov live on the third floor 8. They have not any English books. – Have they any English books? 9. There are not any tall trees in front of their house. Are there any tall trees in front of their house? 10. Peter has not anything in his box. -Has Peter anything in his box?11. There are not any parks in this town.- Are there any parks in this town? 12. There are not any good book shops in our district.- Are there any good book shops in our district.

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97. Переведите на английский язык. 1. Is there anybody in the canteen? 2. There is nobody in the garden. –there is not anybody in the garden.3. Is there anybody in our room? 4. There is somebody there. 5. There is nobody there. 6. Is there anybody in the library? 7. Is there anybody behind the curtains? - - No, nobody there. 8. There is something in the bag. 9. Is there anybody at home? - - Yes, there is somebody there. 10. Is there anything under the table?? – Yes, there is something. 11. There is nothing there.- There is not anything there. 12. Is there anybody at the doctor`s room? — No, there is nobody there. 13. There are any English books in our library. 14. Are there any Jack London`s books in your library? 15. My uncle wants to tell me something. 16. For another day my brother knows everybody (all).17. If you want something to eat, go to the restaurant –carriage. 18. Tell us everything about your travelling.

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98. Вставьте some, any, no или их про­изводные. 1. Here are books by English writers. Take book you like. 2. There are boys in the garden because they are at school. 3. I can see on the snow, but I don't know what it is. 4. Are there desks in the classroom? - Yes, there are many. 5. There are books on this desk, but there are exercise-books. 6. Did he say about it? - - No, he said 7. What shall I do now, Mom? I have done my homework. - You can do you like. 8. There was in the street because it was very late. 9. wants to see him. 10. Is there here who knows this man? 11. Have you books on Dickens? I want to read about him. I have read books by Dickens and I am interested in the life of the writer. 12. Can tell me how to get to the Public Library? - - Yes, take bus that goes from here towards the railway station and get off at the third stop. 13. Please bring me apples, Mary. 14. That is a very easy question - can answer it.

some

any

no

something

any

no

some

anything

nothing

nobody

something

Nobody

anybody

any

some

something

anybody

any

some

Nobody

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99. Вставьте somewhere, anywhere, nowhere или everywhere. I put my dictionary yesterday and now I can't find it - Of course, that is because you leave your books You must go next sum­mer. Did you go on Sunday? Let's go . The weather is fine. I don't want to stay at home in such weather. I cannot find my glasses I always put them and then look for them for hours. Today is a holiday. The streets are full of people. There are flags, banners and flowers

somewhere

everywhere

anywhere

somewhere

anywhere

somewhere

anywhere

somewhere

everywhere

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100. Переведите на английский язык.

1. There is something round at the table.- What is it?

2. Nobody knows anything about it.- Anybody does not know anything about it.

3. There are many parks in the town. – Everywhere are flowers.

4. There is somebody in this room.

5. Anna lives somewhere in this district

6. I do not know anybody in this town.- I know nobody in this town.

7.Give me , please, something to eat.

8. Does anybody know our teacher`s address?

9. Everything is all right.

10. Does anybody want to watch TV?

11. We listen this song everywhere.

12. He is somewhere in the garden.

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102. Вставьте some, any, no, every или их производные. Can I have milk? -Yes, you can have Will you have tea? Give me books, please. I have to read at home. Put sugar in her tea: she does not like sweet tea. Is the matter with you? Has offended you? I see by your face that has happened. We did not see in the hall. was present at the lesson yesterday. He is busy. He has time to go to the cinema with us. Do you need books to prepare for your report? Have you questions? Ask me you like, I shall try to answer question. liked that play: it was very dull. If is ready, we shall begin our experiment.

some

some

some

something

some

no

anything

anybody

anything

anybody

Everybody

no

any

any

something

every

Nobody

Everything

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103. Вставьте some, any, no, every или их производные. 1 Can ... see? No, ... people can't see ... people are blind. Blind people can't see. They can't see ... ; they can see .... 2. Can ... hear? No, ... people can't hear. ... peo­ple are deaf. People who are quite deaf can't hear. They can't hear ... They can hear ... 3. Can we see ... ? No,-we can't see ... . We cannot see the air. ... can see the air. 4. We can't walk without legs and feet. People without legs and feet can't walk. They can't walk .... They can walk .... 5. Can you see ... in an empty box? No, I can't see ... in an empty box. I can see ... in an empty box. Why not? Because there is ... in an empty box. There isn't ... in an empty box. What is an empty box? An empty box is a box that has ... in it. An empty box is a box without ... in it. An empty room is a room without ... in it.

17 MUCH and MANY

MUCH and MANY

Much – употребляется перед неисчисляемыми существительными many –употребляется перед исчисляемыми существительными I have not much work to do today. Do you spend much time on your home work? Has he many friends in moscow? Many и much употребляется со значением : много, многие, значительная часть. Much of the work was done before dinner. Many of the students of the third course will take part in this work.

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110. Вставьте much или many. 1. Please don't put ... pepper on the meat. 2. There were ... plates on the table. 3. I never eat ... bread with soup. 4. Why did you eat so ... ice-cream? 5. She wrote us ... letters from the coun­try. 6. ... of these students don't like to look up words in the dictionary. 7. ... in this work was too difficult for me. 8. ... of their answers were excel­lent. 9. ... of their conversation was about the in­stitute. 10. There are ... new pictures in this room. ll. There are ... teachers at our school, and ... of them are women. 12. ... of these plays are quite ... new. 13. Thanks awfully for the books you sent me yesterday. - - Don't mention it, it wasn't ... both­er. 14. ... of her advice was useful. 15. He had ... pairs of socks.

19 FEW and LITTLE

FEW and LITTLE

Little –употребляется с неисчисляемыми существительными. Few – употребляется с исчислямыми существительными. Please give me a little water. I have a few books on this subject. I have got little time.- У меня мало (недостаточно) времени. I have got a little time.- У меня есть немного времени. I has few friends.- У него мало (почти нет) друзей. I has a few friends.- У меня есть несколько друзей.

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