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INFRASTRUCTURE CORRIDORS IN RUSSIA - PROS AND CONS: A MINERAL
INFRASTRUCTURE CORRIDORS IN RUSSIA - PROS AND CONS: A MINERAL
History and current situation in Russia (in terms of developing and
History and current situation in Russia (in terms of developing and
USE OF ELEMENTS BY HUMAN BEINGS
USE OF ELEMENTS BY HUMAN BEINGS
HISTORY
HISTORY
Granite open pit in Kuznechny, near St
Granite open pit in Kuznechny, near St
HISTORY
HISTORY
Deserted open pit in Murmansk Region
Deserted open pit in Murmansk Region
HISTORY
HISTORY
Lebedinsky open pit (Kursk magnetic anomaly)
Lebedinsky open pit (Kursk magnetic anomaly)
RUSSIA TODAY
RUSSIA TODAY
Geological knowledge about Russia
Geological knowledge about Russia
Map of mineral deposits
Map of mineral deposits
For the most important mineral resources, Russia’s share of world
For the most important mineral resources, Russia’s share of world
The only exception is the intensive production of platinum group
The only exception is the intensive production of platinum group
Norilsk on a frost day
Norilsk on a frost day
The same place in summer, and…
The same place in summer, and…
Norilsk
Norilsk
uranium - 416,6% of production (as of 1996) molybdenum – 356,2%
uranium - 416,6% of production (as of 1996) molybdenum – 356,2%
DISTRIBUTION OF RUSSIAN MINERAL RESOURCES BY FEDERAL DISTRICT
DISTRIBUTION OF RUSSIAN MINERAL RESOURCES BY FEDERAL DISTRICT
DISTRIBUTION OF MINERAL RESOURCES IN BILLIONS OF USD AND NUMBER OF
DISTRIBUTION OF MINERAL RESOURCES IN BILLIONS OF USD AND NUMBER OF
Drilling site in Siberia during snowstorm
Drilling site in Siberia during snowstorm
During the last 40-45 years we have utilized
During the last 40-45 years we have utilized
Russia is rich with
Russia is rich with
REASONS TO RE-EVALUATE MINERAL POTENTIAL
REASONS TO RE-EVALUATE MINERAL POTENTIAL
Mineral wealth of Russia
Mineral wealth of Russia
Large and Superlarge Mineral Deposits
Large and Superlarge Mineral Deposits
GENERAL RESULTS OF RAS PROGRAM ON LARGE AND SUPERLARGE MINERAL
GENERAL RESULTS OF RAS PROGRAM ON LARGE AND SUPERLARGE MINERAL
GENERAL RESULTS OF RAS PROGRAM ON LARGE AND SUPERLARGE MINERAL
GENERAL RESULTS OF RAS PROGRAM ON LARGE AND SUPERLARGE MINERAL
INFRASTRUCTURE CORRIDORS IN RUSSIA
INFRASTRUCTURE CORRIDORS IN RUSSIA
INFRASTRUCTURE CORRIDORS IN RUSSIA
INFRASTRUCTURE CORRIDORS IN RUSSIA
Sakha (Yakutia) Republic population 0.95 mln 0.28 mln
Sakha (Yakutia) Republic population 0.95 mln 0.28 mln
Verkhoyanye Ridge
Verkhoyanye Ridge
INFRASTRUCTURE CORRIDORS IN RUSSIA
INFRASTRUCTURE CORRIDORS IN RUSSIA
YANA-KOLYMA GOLD BEARING (GREEN) AND VERKHOYANYE SILVER BEARING (RED)
YANA-KOLYMA GOLD BEARING (GREEN) AND VERKHOYANYE SILVER BEARING (RED)
SUMMARY
SUMMARY
THANKS FOR YOUR ATTENTION
THANKS FOR YOUR ATTENTION

Презентация на тему: «INFRASTRUCTURE CORRIDORS IN RUSSIA - PROS AND CONS: A MINERAL RESOURCES APPROACH». Автор: -. Файл: «INFRASTRUCTURE CORRIDORS IN RUSSIA - PROS AND CONS: A MINERAL RESOURCES APPROACH.ppt». Размер zip-архива: 8139 КБ.

INFRASTRUCTURE CORRIDORS IN RUSSIA - PROS AND CONS: A MINERAL RESOURCES APPROACH

содержание презентации «INFRASTRUCTURE CORRIDORS IN RUSSIA - PROS AND CONS: A MINERAL RESOURCES APPROACH.ppt»
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1 INFRASTRUCTURE CORRIDORS IN RUSSIA - PROS AND CONS: A MINERAL

INFRASTRUCTURE CORRIDORS IN RUSSIA - PROS AND CONS: A MINERAL

RESOURCES APPROACH

DMITRI V. RUNDQVIST, SERGEI V. CHERKASOV Vernadsky State Geological Museum, RAS (Moscow) Russian-French Metallogenic Laboratory

2 History and current situation in Russia (in terms of developing and

History and current situation in Russia (in terms of developing and

distribution of mineral resources). Re-evaluation of mineral potential. From current situation to the future – challenges and solutions.

3 USE OF ELEMENTS BY HUMAN BEINGS

USE OF ELEMENTS BY HUMAN BEINGS

XVIII century

XIX century

By 1915

by 1939

by 1975

Antiquity

4 HISTORY

HISTORY

X - early XVI centuries

5 Granite open pit in Kuznechny, near St

Granite open pit in Kuznechny, near St

Petersburg

6 HISTORY

HISTORY

XVI - XVII centuries

7 Deserted open pit in Murmansk Region

Deserted open pit in Murmansk Region

8 HISTORY

HISTORY

XX century

9 Lebedinsky open pit (Kursk magnetic anomaly)

Lebedinsky open pit (Kursk magnetic anomaly)

10 RUSSIA TODAY

RUSSIA TODAY

LAND 12.5% POPULATION 3% FORESTS 22% FRESH WATER 20% TOTAL AREA OF SHELF 30% MINERAL RESOURCES 16%

11 Geological knowledge about Russia

Geological knowledge about Russia

12 Map of mineral deposits

Map of mineral deposits

13 For the most important mineral resources, Russia’s share of world

For the most important mineral resources, Russia’s share of world

resources and reserves is greater than its relative share of the production and consumption of the same commodities

14 The only exception is the intensive production of platinum group

The only exception is the intensive production of platinum group

metals and, to some extent, nickel

15 Norilsk on a frost day

Norilsk on a frost day

16 The same place in summer, and…

The same place in summer, and…

…40 years ago.

Norilsk

17 Norilsk

Norilsk

18 uranium - 416,6% of production (as of 1996) molybdenum – 356,2%

uranium - 416,6% of production (as of 1996) molybdenum – 356,2%

Besides the decrease in exploration during the last 10 years, we have also had shrinkage of the domestic market. The mining, oil and gas industries have became export-oriented. The share of exports in total production is shown here for 1999.

At the expense of pre-existing stockpiles, exports reached:

As a result, per capita resource consumption, including energy resources, is now only 1/3 to 1/2 its level in developed countries.

Oil - 57,3% Gas – 32% Coal – 12% Iron ore –14,9% Copper –85% Nickel – 91% Zinc –59% Lead –9,1% Tungsten – 96%

19 DISTRIBUTION OF RUSSIAN MINERAL RESOURCES BY FEDERAL DISTRICT

DISTRIBUTION OF RUSSIAN MINERAL RESOURCES BY FEDERAL DISTRICT

20 DISTRIBUTION OF MINERAL RESOURCES IN BILLIONS OF USD AND NUMBER OF

DISTRIBUTION OF MINERAL RESOURCES IN BILLIONS OF USD AND NUMBER OF

DAYS WITH LOW (below 0oC) TEMPERATURE

(BILLIONS USD)

8000-7000

4000-3000

1300-900

500-200

200-100

<100

21 Drilling site in Siberia during snowstorm

Drilling site in Siberia during snowstorm

22 During the last 40-45 years we have utilized

During the last 40-45 years we have utilized

85% of oil 50% of coal 50% of iron produced throughout human history

Consumption of metals increased 3- to 5-fold in that period, compared with the previous 35 - 40 years

23 Russia is rich with

Russia is rich with

energy resources (32% of gas; 12--13% of oil; and 12% of coal – world explored reserves); precious metals (platinum - 40%, palladium - 90%); RE and REE (niobium - about 35%, tantalum - about 80%, yttrium - 50%, lithium - 28%, beryllium - 15%, and zirconium, 12%); metals for metallurgy (Ni – 36%, Fe – 27%, Sn – 27%, Co – 20%, Zn – 16%, Pb – 12%.); agrochemical ores (potassium salts – Russia heads the list, apatite and phosphorite – Russia is second in the World). Russia has the largest diamond resources in the world and ranks third in gold.

24 REASONS TO RE-EVALUATE MINERAL POTENTIAL

REASONS TO RE-EVALUATE MINERAL POTENTIAL

GROWING DEMAND, CHANGING THE STRUCTURE OF DEMAND; DISCOVERIES OF NEW TYPES OF MINERAL DEPOSITS; NEW TECHNOLOGIES OF EXTRACTION; DIFFERENCE IN METHODOLOGY OF EVALUATION IN SOVIET UNION, RUSSIA, AND WESTERN WORLD.

25 Mineral wealth of Russia

Mineral wealth of Russia

Eds.: B. Mikhailov, O. Petrov, S. Kimelman. SPb., VSEGEI, 2007, 550 p.

Mineral resources of Russian Arctic. Ed. D. Dodin. SPb., NAUKA, 2007, 767 p.

26 Large and Superlarge Mineral Deposits

Large and Superlarge Mineral Deposits

Vol. 1. D. Rundqvist, A. Tkachev, S. Cherkasov, et al. Ed. D. Rundqvist. Moscow, IGEM RAS, 2006, 390 p.

D. Rundqvist, S. Cherkasov, A. Tkachev, et al. Moscow, RFML, 2006.

27 GENERAL RESULTS OF RAS PROGRAM ON LARGE AND SUPERLARGE MINERAL

GENERAL RESULTS OF RAS PROGRAM ON LARGE AND SUPERLARGE MINERAL

DEPOSITS

Au Ag Cu Mo

Au, PGE, Ti, diam.

Au, PGE, V

diam.

Au, Cu, Zn

Au, Ti, Zr, Li

Au, Ag, Sn, U

Au U Cu PGE

Au, PGE, Cu, Zn, Mo

Cu, Ni, PGE

28 GENERAL RESULTS OF RAS PROGRAM ON LARGE AND SUPERLARGE MINERAL

GENERAL RESULTS OF RAS PROGRAM ON LARGE AND SUPERLARGE MINERAL

DEPOSITS

Au Ag Cu Mo

Au, PGE, Ti, diam.

Au, PGE, V

diam.

Au, Cu, Zn

Au, Ti, Zr, Li

Au U Cu PGE

Au, Ag, Sn, U

Au, PGE, Cu, Zn, Mo

Cu, Ni, PGE

29 INFRASTRUCTURE CORRIDORS IN RUSSIA

INFRASTRUCTURE CORRIDORS IN RUSSIA

Railway “Industrial Urals – Polar Urals” Above 1000 km About 2,4 bln. dollars plus 3.5 bln. dollars – energy infrastructure

Trans-Siberian railway 9288.2 km (Moscow-Vladivostok)

30 INFRASTRUCTURE CORRIDORS IN RUSSIA

INFRASTRUCTURE CORRIDORS IN RUSSIA

Sakha (Yakutia) Republic

31 Sakha (Yakutia) Republic population 0.95 mln 0.28 mln

Sakha (Yakutia) Republic population 0.95 mln 0.28 mln

– Yakutsk 10 towns, 55 villages

France population 60 mln.

Germany population 82.5 mln.

32 Verkhoyanye Ridge

Verkhoyanye Ridge

Diamond mining – southern Sakha (Yakutia)

Buildings on piles

33 INFRASTRUCTURE CORRIDORS IN RUSSIA

INFRASTRUCTURE CORRIDORS IN RUSSIA

34 YANA-KOLYMA GOLD BEARING (GREEN) AND VERKHOYANYE SILVER BEARING (RED)

YANA-KOLYMA GOLD BEARING (GREEN) AND VERKHOYANYE SILVER BEARING (RED)

PROVINCES

Germany

35 SUMMARY

SUMMARY

transportation infrastructure is the key to Russian mineral resources to develop new territories, we have to think of social and demographic problems, and to solve them using global common sense new geological prospecting, mining, and refining technologies open up new resources

36 THANKS FOR YOUR ATTENTION

THANKS FOR YOUR ATTENTION

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