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Introduction to Green Buildings & LEED
Introduction to Green Buildings & LEED
Defining Sustainability
Defining Sustainability
Defining Green Buildings
Defining Green Buildings
Construction Impacts
Construction Impacts
Building Operations Impacts
Building Operations Impacts
Key Issues and Benefits
Key Issues and Benefits
Overall Financial Benefits
Overall Financial Benefits
Overall Financial Benefits
Overall Financial Benefits
Air Quality
Air Quality
Energy Conservation
Energy Conservation
Water Conservation
Water Conservation
Occupants Well Being and Productivity
Occupants Well Being and Productivity
Mythology About First Costs
Mythology About First Costs
Mythology About First Costs
Mythology About First Costs
Mythology About First Costs
Mythology About First Costs
Mythology About First Costs
Mythology About First Costs
General Mythologies
General Mythologies
Green Buildings at USC
Green Buildings at USC
West Quad
West Quad
West Quad
West Quad
West Quad at USC
West Quad at USC
Introduction to Green Buildings & LEED
Introduction to Green Buildings & LEED
US Green Building Council (USGBC)
US Green Building Council (USGBC)
USGBCs MISSION: to promote the design and construction of buildings
USGBCs MISSION: to promote the design and construction of buildings
USGBC is
USGBC is
What is Green Design
What is Green Design
Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design
Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design
Why Was LEED Created
Why Was LEED Created
Why Was LEED Created
Why Was LEED Created
LEED-NC Market Transformation
LEED-NC Market Transformation
LEED-NC Market Transformation
LEED-NC Market Transformation
LEED-NC Point Distribution
LEED-NC Point Distribution
Resources
Resources
Contact Info
Contact Info

: Introduction to Green Buildings LEED. : Staff. : Introduction to Green Buildings LEED.ppt. zip-: 2244 .

Introduction to Green Buildings LEED

Introduction to Green Buildings LEED.ppt
1 Introduction to Green Buildings & LEED

Introduction to Green Buildings & LEED

2 Defining Sustainability

Defining Sustainability

United Nations World Commission on Environment and Development Development that meets the needs of present generations without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.

3 Defining Green Buildings

Defining Green Buildings

Design and construction practices that significantly reduce, or eliminate the negative impact of buildings on the environment and its occupants with regard to site planning; safeguarding water use and water use efficiency; promoting energy efficiency and renewable energy; conserving materials and resources; and promoting indoor environmental quality. (US Green Building Council)

4 Construction Impacts

Construction Impacts

76 million residential buildings in US 5 million commercial buildings in US consume 40 % or raw materials 32% total energy produced 17% fresh water 25% global wood harvest 5 billion gals water/day just for toilets generates 25-40% of municipal solid waste from C&D 50% of US CFC production 30% of US CO2 production

5 Building Operations Impacts

Building Operations Impacts

49% of Sulfur Dioxide emissions 25% nitrous oxide emissions 10% of all particulate matter 1/3 of all energy consumption in US 2/3 of all electricity consumption in US disturbs natural habitats contaminates air, soil, and water depletes non-renewable resources ? of greenhouse gases 35% of carbon dioxide emissions community issues occupant issues sources: The Architecture of Sustainability, 2002, World Watch Institute, USGBC

6 Key Issues and Benefits

Key Issues and Benefits

Institution Building Commissioning Air Quality Occupants productivity and well being Energy Conservation Water Conservation Storm Water Management Waste Management Local & State Standards & Programs

Green ethics / commitment Research and Grant opportunities Being a leader (as it should) Responsibility to show importance Competitive advantage (ie recruiting) Institutional community demand Great public relations

7 Overall Financial Benefits

Overall Financial Benefits

Energy Water Wastewater Reduced Waste Improved Indoor Environmental Quality Greater Employee Comfort/Productivity Reduced Employee Health Costs

Lower Operation and Maintenance Costs Competitive First Costs Through integrated design & synergies Increased Value & ROI Marketing Advantage Reduced Liability Improve Risk Management Insurance costs

8 Overall Financial Benefits

Overall Financial Benefits

Financial Benefits of a Green Building equate to $50-$70 SF over lifetime Over 10X return on any premium cost associated with building it over lifetime Source: USGBC

9 Air Quality

Air Quality

Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) effect the contents of the inside air has on a structure and its occupants People spend 90% of their time indoors Indoor air has 10-100X higher pollutants than outdoor air USEPA Indoor Air Quality Jan, 6 2003

10 Energy Conservation

Energy Conservation

US uses 25% of world energy but only has 5% of population & 95% of our energy is from fossil fuels (US Energy Information Administration) Higher Education - $2 Billion/year on energy (American School & University) Most can reduce by up to 30% - savings can be used on: New faculty Upgrades/renovations for more savings New programs

11 Water Conservation

Water Conservation

USA uses 340 billion gallons of fresh water per day Nearly 65% is discharged into waterways Energy Policy Act of 1992 Facilities can easily reduce use by 20-30% with little cost and effort Water & Sewer Bills Connection Fees & Tax Base

12 Occupants Well Being and Productivity

Occupants Well Being and Productivity

Relationship exists between worker comfort/productivity and building design/operation Hidden sick days higher absenteeism, respiratory ailments, allergies, asthma = lower productivity, higher insurance and medical costs A 1% increase in productivity (about 5 minutes per day) equals $600-700 per employee per year - a ^1.5% equals about $1,000/yr (Katz 2003 study)

13 Mythology About First Costs

Mythology About First Costs

Common Perception when we started was +20-30% Past & Current Trend Recent Studies Average Premium <2% or $3-$5 SF Most of cost associated with increased architectural and engineering design, time, modeling and integration time Earlier you integrate the lower the cost

14 Mythology About First Costs

Mythology About First Costs

Source: USGBC, Capital E Analysis

15 Mythology About First Costs

Mythology About First Costs

Another recent study has shown the following average increase in project construction costs, on a percentage basis for LEED certification. Certified 0 2.5% Silver 0 3.3% Gold 0.3 5.0% Platinum 4.5 8.5% Start Early Save Costs Source: Sasaki Associates 2004

16 Mythology About First Costs

Mythology About First Costs

Building green can be done for no additional cost Initial premium costs are entirely up to you and project specific LEED buildings average only a 2-3% increase in costs, but can be done for the same budget as traditional buildings with planning Savings from green buildings more than return any premium you may choose to put into it Design Fees will be higher but construction costs may be reduced Set Budget first then work fees within framework

17 General Mythologies

General Mythologies

Appearance of Green Buildings You design it to look how you want. It can easily match traditional campus design or not. Carpet, furniture and windows do not have to look different. They can look like traditional ones only they perform better and are healthier. Does not need to be high tech to be green. Time Green Buildings take the same amount of time to construct as regular buildings. More time may be required in the Design phase though. Costs Green Buildings do not have to cost more. With planning they can be built at the same price or less. Design fees may be higher in the beginning of the project but the extra design work will lower the actual construction costs. In the end the building costs the same and fits in the traditional budget. Normal: 2 + 2 = 4 Green: 3 + 1 = 4 Long term maintenance and operations costs can be reduced by 20 50% with good planning.

18 Green Buildings at USC

Green Buildings at USC

West Quad Residence Hall & Learning Center School of Public Health Library Rare Books Collection & Modern Political Wings Law School New Honors College Gamma Phi Beta Sorority New Student Health Center

Baseball Stadium Horizon Buildings Biomedical Buildings Arnold II Band/Dance Building Innovista

19 West Quad

West Quad

20 West Quad

West Quad

Reduced Construction & Change Order Costs 45%-55% More Energy Efficient = over $50,000 savings annually 20% more Water Efficient = $ 3900+ savings annually Residents comment on improved health and productivity

$30.9M project cost - $25M const. cost 177,000 SF - $141.24/sf SAME COST & Time 502 bed spaces 4 buildings Residential, office, academic & retail spaces Goal of LEED Silver Achieved

21 West Quad at USC

West Quad at USC

Selected Green Project Particulars Designed to be 40% more energy efficient and to use 20% less water Green roof on Learning Center Fuel Cell for supplemental electricity & hot water Solar pre-heating for domestic hot water Low VOC paints and carpets & 100% Fresh Air Daylighting in all buildings Building orientation Light shelves for shading and natural lighting on southern exposures Light wells on Learning Center Green board in case good furnishings Total storm water management integration

22 Introduction to Green Buildings & LEED
23 US Green Building Council (USGBC)

US Green Building Council (USGBC)

Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design (LEED)

24 USGBCs MISSION: to promote the design and construction of buildings

USGBCs MISSION: to promote the design and construction of buildings

that are environmentally responsible, profitable, and healthy places to live and work. The organizations activities Integrate building industry sectors Lead market transformation Educate owners and practitioners

25 USGBC is

USGBC is

.. A national nonprofit organization A diverse membership of organizations Consensus-driven Committee-based product development Developer and administrator of the LEED Green Building Rating System

26 What is Green Design

What is Green Design

Design and construction practices that significantly reduce or eliminate the negative impact of buildings on the environment and occupants in five broad areas: Sustainable site planning Safeguarding water and water efficiency Energy efficiency and renewable energy Conservation of materials and resources Indoor environmental quality

27 Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design

Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design

A leading-edge system for designing, constructing, operating and certifying the worlds greenest buildings.

28 Why Was LEED Created

Why Was LEED Created

Use as a design guideline Recognize leaders Stimulate green competition Establish market value with recognizable national brand Raise consumer awareness Transform the marketplace!

29 Why Was LEED Created

Why Was LEED Created

Facilitate positive results for the environment, occupant health and financial return Define green by providing a standard for measurement Prevent greenwashing (false or exaggerated claims) Promote whole-building, integrated design processes

30 LEED-NC Market Transformation

LEED-NC Market Transformation

Registered Projects by State - Top 10

As of 05.02.05

All statistics exclude pilot projects

31 LEED-NC Market Transformation

LEED-NC Market Transformation

Registered Projects by State - Top 10 Where does the Southeast stand? Georgia 62 South Carolina - 56 North Carolina 42

32 LEED-NC Point Distribution

LEED-NC Point Distribution

Five LEED credit categories

33 Resources

Resources

www.usgbc.org US Green Building Council www.usgbc.org/Resources/links.asp - Extensive Resource List www.greenerbuildings.com The HOK Guidebook to Sustainable Design WWW.Oikos.com - bookstore www.iso.org ISO 14001 EMS www.epa.gov/ems/index.htm - EPAs EMS site www.doe.gov US DOE www.epa.gov US EPA www.housing.sc.edu/westquadhandbook.asp - West Quad Handbook www.sc.edu/sustainableu - Sustainable Universities Initiative (SUI) www.buildinggreen.com Environmental Building News www.edcmag.com Environmental Design & Construction www.gbapgh.org Green Building Alliance www.southface.org/web/earthcraft_house/ech_main/ech_index.htm - Earth Craft Homes www.greenglobes.com Green Globes

34 Contact Info

Contact Info

Michael Koman Dr. Gene Luna Environmental Programs Manager Associate Vice President 1215 Blossom Street for Student Affairs Columbia, SC 29208 1215 Blossom St Columbia, SC 29208 koman@sc.edu gene.luna@sc.edu 803-777-1986

Introduction to Green Buildings LEED
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