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LESSONS LEARNED FROM PAST NOTABLE DISASTERS
LESSONS LEARNED FROM PAST NOTABLE DISASTERS
NATURAL HAZARDS THAT PLACE THE PHILIPPINES’ COMMUNITIES AT RISK
NATURAL HAZARDS THAT PLACE THE PHILIPPINES’ COMMUNITIES AT RISK
THE PHILIPPINES
THE PHILIPPINES
TYPHOONS
TYPHOONS
THE PHILPPINES’ COMMUNITIES
THE PHILPPINES’ COMMUNITIES
Physics Of A Typhoon
Physics Of A Typhoon
HAZARDS OF A SEVERE WINDSTORM (AKA POTENTIAL DISASTER AGENTS)
HAZARDS OF A SEVERE WINDSTORM (AKA POTENTIAL DISASTER AGENTS)
CAUSES OF DAMAGE
CAUSES OF DAMAGE
LESSONS LEARNED ABOUT DISASTER RESILIENCE
LESSONS LEARNED ABOUT DISASTER RESILIENCE
LESSONS LEARNED ABOUT DISASTER RESILIENCE
LESSONS LEARNED ABOUT DISASTER RESILIENCE
LESSONS LEARNED FOR DISASTER RESILIENCE
LESSONS LEARNED FOR DISASTER RESILIENCE
NOTABLE PAST TYPHOONS THAT HAVE IMPACTED THE PHILIPPINES
NOTABLE PAST TYPHOONS THAT HAVE IMPACTED THE PHILIPPINES
“THE WORST” (in terms of deaths)
“THE WORST” (in terms of deaths)
“THE MOST COSTLY”
“THE MOST COSTLY”
TYPHOON YUNYA: JUNE 1991
TYPHOON YUNYA: JUNE 1991
TYPHOON YUNYA
TYPHOON YUNYA
TYPHOON YUNYA
TYPHOON YUNYA
2011 THE PHILIPPINES WAS HIT BY 19 TROPICAL STORMS AND TYPHOONS
2011 THE PHILIPPINES WAS HIT BY 19 TROPICAL STORMS AND TYPHOONS
TRACKS OF 2011’S TYPHOONS
TRACKS OF 2011’S TYPHOONS
FLASH FLOODS SPAWNED BY TROPICAL STORM WASHI KILLED OVER 652 IN THE
FLASH FLOODS SPAWNED BY TROPICAL STORM WASHI KILLED OVER 652 IN THE
WASHI, THE 19th STORM ARRIVED ON FRIDAY; DEPARTED ON SUNDAY
WASHI, THE 19th STORM ARRIVED ON FRIDAY; DEPARTED ON SUNDAY
AFTER MAKING LANDFALL ON FRIDAY, TROPICAL STORM WASHI DUMPED MORE THAN
AFTER MAKING LANDFALL ON FRIDAY, TROPICAL STORM WASHI DUMPED MORE THAN
THE FLASH FLOODING AND MUDFLOWS, WHICH WERE TRIGGERED BY TROPICAL
THE FLASH FLOODING AND MUDFLOWS, WHICH WERE TRIGGERED BY TROPICAL
ONE-FOURTH OF THE CITY OF ILIGAN WAS INUNDATED IN ITS WORST FLOOD EVER
ONE-FOURTH OF THE CITY OF ILIGAN WAS INUNDATED IN ITS WORST FLOOD EVER
FLOODS
FLOODS
OTHERS ATTENDING EARLY MORNING CHRISTMAS MASSES WERE SURPRISED BY THE
OTHERS ATTENDING EARLY MORNING CHRISTMAS MASSES WERE SURPRISED BY THE
THE CITY OF CAGAYAN DE ORO IN THE NORTHERN ISLAND OF MINDANAO WAS
THE CITY OF CAGAYAN DE ORO IN THE NORTHERN ISLAND OF MINDANAO WAS
CAUSES OF DAMAGE
CAUSES OF DAMAGE
LANDSLIDE: TROPICAL STORM WASHI
LANDSLIDE: TROPICAL STORM WASHI
MUDFLOW: TROPICAL STORM WASHI
MUDFLOW: TROPICAL STORM WASHI
THE PHILIPPINE RED CROSS LED THE EMERGENCY RESPONSE EFFORTS PROVIDING
THE PHILIPPINE RED CROSS LED THE EMERGENCY RESPONSE EFFORTS PROVIDING
20,000 SOLDIERS DEPLOYED TO HELP IN SEARCH AND RESCUE EFFORTS FOUND
20,000 SOLDIERS DEPLOYED TO HELP IN SEARCH AND RESCUE EFFORTS FOUND
PUBLIC OFFICIALS AND HEALTH CARE FACILITIES WERE OVERWHELMED WITH THE
PUBLIC OFFICIALS AND HEALTH CARE FACILITIES WERE OVERWHELMED WITH THE
RESCUE: CAYAGAN DE ORO, THE PHILIPPINES
RESCUE: CAYAGAN DE ORO, THE PHILIPPINES
RESCUE: CAYAGAN DE ORO, THE PHILIPPINES
RESCUE: CAYAGAN DE ORO, THE PHILIPPINES
RESCUE: CAYAGAN DE ORO, THE PHILIPPINES
RESCUE: CAYAGAN DE ORO, THE PHILIPPINES
LLIGAN: RESIDENTS RETURN TO START THE RECOVERY PROCESS
LLIGAN: RESIDENTS RETURN TO START THE RECOVERY PROCESS
LESSONS LEARNED FOR DISASTER RESILIENCE
LESSONS LEARNED FOR DISASTER RESILIENCE
INTERNATIONAL ASSISTANCE FACILITATES RECOVERY
INTERNATIONAL ASSISTANCE FACILITATES RECOVERY
2012 TYPHOON BOPHA STRIKES THE PHILIPPINES
2012 TYPHOON BOPHA STRIKES THE PHILIPPINES
THE FORECAST FOR THE 2012 PACIFIC TYPHOON SEASON
THE FORECAST FOR THE 2012 PACIFIC TYPHOON SEASON
24 STORM TRACKS AS OF DECEMBER 17, 2012
24 STORM TRACKS AS OF DECEMBER 17, 2012
TROPICAL STORM MAWAR: PHILIPPINES
TROPICAL STORM MAWAR: PHILIPPINES
TROPICAL STORM DOKSURI: JUNE 25-30
TROPICAL STORM DOKSURI: JUNE 25-30
DOKSURI IMPACTED THE PHILIPPINES, TAIWAN, AND CHINA
DOKSURI IMPACTED THE PHILIPPINES, TAIWAN, AND CHINA
TYPHOON BOPHA: NOV
TYPHOON BOPHA: NOV
TYPHOON BOPHA
TYPHOON BOPHA
TYPHOON BOPHA
TYPHOON BOPHA
A landslide in eastern Mindanao blocked a national highway, leaving
A landslide in eastern Mindanao blocked a national highway, leaving
TOWARDS TYPHOON DISASTER RESILIENCE
TOWARDS TYPHOON DISASTER RESILIENCE

Презентация: «Lessons learned from past notable disasters the Philippines». Автор: Walter Hays. Файл: «Lessons learned from past notable disasters the Philippines.ppt». Размер zip-архива: 2340 КБ.

Lessons learned from past notable disasters the Philippines

содержание презентации «Lessons learned from past notable disasters the Philippines.ppt»
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1 LESSONS LEARNED FROM PAST NOTABLE DISASTERS

LESSONS LEARNED FROM PAST NOTABLE DISASTERS

THE PHILIPPINES. PART 2: TYPHOONS, FLOODS, AND LANDSLIDES

Walter Hays, Global Alliance for Disaster Reduction, Vienna, Virginia, USA

2 NATURAL HAZARDS THAT PLACE THE PHILIPPINES’ COMMUNITIES AT RISK

NATURAL HAZARDS THAT PLACE THE PHILIPPINES’ COMMUNITIES AT RISK

EARTHQUAKES

GOAL: DISASTER RESILIENCE

TYPHOONS

ENACT AND IMPLEMENT POLICIES HAVING HIGH BENEFIT/COST FOR COMMUNITY RESILIENCE

LANDSLIDES

VOLCANIC ERUPTIONS

GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE

FLOODS

3 THE PHILIPPINES

THE PHILIPPINES

4 TYPHOONS

TYPHOONS

THE PHILIPPINES IS AT RISK EVERY YEAR FROM TROPICAL STORMS AND TYPHOONS FORMING IN THE WESTERN PACIFIC OCEAN, ESPECIALLY IF THEY CAUSE DEVASTATING FLOODING AND LANDSLIDES AFTER LANDFALL

5 THE PHILPPINES’ COMMUNITIES

THE PHILPPINES’ COMMUNITIES

DATA BASES AND INFORMATION

HAZARDS: GROUND SHAKING GROUND FAILURE SURFACE FAULTING TECTONIC DEFORMATION TSUNAMI RUN UP AFTERSHOCKS

6 Physics Of A Typhoon

Physics Of A Typhoon

7 HAZARDS OF A SEVERE WINDSTORM (AKA POTENTIAL DISASTER AGENTS)

HAZARDS OF A SEVERE WINDSTORM (AKA POTENTIAL DISASTER AGENTS)

WIND FIELD [CAT 1 (55 mph) TO CAT 5+ (155 mph or greater)] DEBRIS STORM SURGE/FLOODS HEAVY PRECIPITATION/FLOODS LANDSLIDES (MUDFLOWS) COSTAL EROSION

8 CAUSES OF DAMAGE

CAUSES OF DAMAGE

WIND PENETRATING BUILDING ENVELOPE

UPLIFT OF ROOF SYSTEM

FLYING DEBRIS

STORM SURGE

TYPHOONS

IRREGULARITIES IN ELEVATION AND PLAN

SITING PROBLEMS

FLOODING AND LANDSLIDES

“DISASTER LABORATORIES”

9 LESSONS LEARNED ABOUT DISASTER RESILIENCE

LESSONS LEARNED ABOUT DISASTER RESILIENCE

ALL TYPHOONS WITHOUT ADEQUATE PROTECTION, HIGH VELOCITY WIND WILL LIFT THE ROOF OFF OF NON-ENGINEERED BUILDINGS.

10 LESSONS LEARNED ABOUT DISASTER RESILIENCE

LESSONS LEARNED ABOUT DISASTER RESILIENCE

ALL TYPHOONS. DISASTER-INTELLIGENT COMMUNITIES USE TIMELY EARLY WARNING BASED ON CRITICAL INFORM-ATION TO EVACUATE PEOPLE AND PREPARE.

11 LESSONS LEARNED FOR DISASTER RESILIENCE

LESSONS LEARNED FOR DISASTER RESILIENCE

ALL TYPHOONS CAPACITY FOR INTELLIGENT EMERGENCY RESPONSE IS ESSENTIAL FOR COMMUNITY RESILIENCE.

12 NOTABLE PAST TYPHOONS THAT HAVE IMPACTED THE PHILIPPINES

NOTABLE PAST TYPHOONS THAT HAVE IMPACTED THE PHILIPPINES

13 “THE WORST” (in terms of deaths)

“THE WORST” (in terms of deaths)

Tropical storm Uring, November 2- 7, 1991, killed 3,000 – 8,000, mainly in Ormoc City.

14 “THE MOST COSTLY”

“THE MOST COSTLY”

Super Typhoon Reming, November 10- 14, 1990, caused economic losses of 10, 840 billion pesos

15 TYPHOON YUNYA: JUNE 1991

TYPHOON YUNYA: JUNE 1991

16 TYPHOON YUNYA

TYPHOON YUNYA

Yunya would normally have been uneventful, but the day it hit Luzon, was the same day the eruption of Mount Pinatubo took place. Pinatubo’s ash cloud, that normally would have been dispersed across the ocean, was redistributed over Luzon by Yunya’s winds, greatly exacerbating the damage caused by the eruption.

17 TYPHOON YUNYA

TYPHOON YUNYA

The water-laden ash fell over the evacuated Clark Air Force Base, as well as the rest of Luzon, resulting in downed power lines and the collapse of flat-roofed buildings. In some areas, it was practically raining mud.

18 2011 THE PHILIPPINES WAS HIT BY 19 TROPICAL STORMS AND TYPHOONS

2011 THE PHILIPPINES WAS HIT BY 19 TROPICAL STORMS AND TYPHOONS

19 TRACKS OF 2011’S TYPHOONS

TRACKS OF 2011’S TYPHOONS

20 FLASH FLOODS SPAWNED BY TROPICAL STORM WASHI KILLED OVER 652 IN THE

FLASH FLOODS SPAWNED BY TROPICAL STORM WASHI KILLED OVER 652 IN THE

PHILIPPINES SATURDAY, DECEMBER 17, 2011

21 WASHI, THE 19th STORM ARRIVED ON FRIDAY; DEPARTED ON SUNDAY

WASHI, THE 19th STORM ARRIVED ON FRIDAY; DEPARTED ON SUNDAY

22 AFTER MAKING LANDFALL ON FRIDAY, TROPICAL STORM WASHI DUMPED MORE THAN

AFTER MAKING LANDFALL ON FRIDAY, TROPICAL STORM WASHI DUMPED MORE THAN

A MONTH’S RAIN (200 MM) IN 10 HOURS ON MINDANAO, WHICH WAS NOT (AND USUALLY IS NOT) IN THE PATH OF THE PREVIOUS TROPICAL STORMS AND TYPHOONS OF 2011

23 THE FLASH FLOODING AND MUDFLOWS, WHICH WERE TRIGGERED BY TROPICAL

THE FLASH FLOODING AND MUDFLOWS, WHICH WERE TRIGGERED BY TROPICAL

STORM WASHI, HAPPENED AT 2:30 AM WHILE THE VICTIMS, MOSTLY WOMEN AND CHILDREN, WERE ASLEEP

24 ONE-FOURTH OF THE CITY OF ILIGAN WAS INUNDATED IN ITS WORST FLOOD EVER

ONE-FOURTH OF THE CITY OF ILIGAN WAS INUNDATED IN ITS WORST FLOOD EVER

25 FLOODS

FLOODS

CAUSES OF RISK

LOSS OF FUNCTION OF STRUCTURES IN FLOODPLAIN

INUNDATION

INTERACTION WITH HAZARDOUS MATERIALS

STRUCTURAL/CONTENTS DAMAGE FROM WATER

WATER BORNE DISEASES (HEALTH PROBLEMS)

EROSION AND MUDFLOWS

CONTAMINATION OF GROUND WATER

CASE HISTORIES

26 OTHERS ATTENDING EARLY MORNING CHRISTMAS MASSES WERE SURPRISED BY THE

OTHERS ATTENDING EARLY MORNING CHRISTMAS MASSES WERE SURPRISED BY THE

FLASH FLOODING

27 THE CITY OF CAGAYAN DE ORO IN THE NORTHERN ISLAND OF MINDANAO WAS

THE CITY OF CAGAYAN DE ORO IN THE NORTHERN ISLAND OF MINDANAO WAS

INUNDATED BY THE FLASH FLOODS

28 CAUSES OF DAMAGE

CAUSES OF DAMAGE

SITING AND BUILDING ON UNSTABLE SLOPES

SOIL AND ROCK SUCEPTIBLE TO FALLS

SOIL AND ROCK SUCEPTIBLE TO TOPPLES

SOIL AND ROCK SUCEPTIBLE TO SPREADS

LANDSLIDES

SOIL AND ROCK SUSCEPTIBLE TO FLOWS

PRECIPITATION THAT TRIGGERS SLOPE FAILURE SHAKING

GROUND SHAKING THAT TRIGGERS SLOPE FAILURE

CASE HISTORIES

29 LANDSLIDE: TROPICAL STORM WASHI

LANDSLIDE: TROPICAL STORM WASHI

30 MUDFLOW: TROPICAL STORM WASHI

MUDFLOW: TROPICAL STORM WASHI

31 THE PHILIPPINE RED CROSS LED THE EMERGENCY RESPONSE EFFORTS PROVIDING

THE PHILIPPINE RED CROSS LED THE EMERGENCY RESPONSE EFFORTS PROVIDING

FOOD, WATER, AND RELIEF SUPPLIES

32 20,000 SOLDIERS DEPLOYED TO HELP IN SEARCH AND RESCUE EFFORTS FOUND

20,000 SOLDIERS DEPLOYED TO HELP IN SEARCH AND RESCUE EFFORTS FOUND

BODIES EVERYWHERE: IN HOMES, IN THE STREETS, IN RIVERS, AND OFFSHORE

33 PUBLIC OFFICIALS AND HEALTH CARE FACILITIES WERE OVERWHELMED WITH THE

PUBLIC OFFICIALS AND HEALTH CARE FACILITIES WERE OVERWHELMED WITH THE

NUMBER OF THE DEAD—ESTIMATED AT NEARLY 1,000

34 RESCUE: CAYAGAN DE ORO, THE PHILIPPINES

RESCUE: CAYAGAN DE ORO, THE PHILIPPINES

35 RESCUE: CAYAGAN DE ORO, THE PHILIPPINES

RESCUE: CAYAGAN DE ORO, THE PHILIPPINES

36 RESCUE: CAYAGAN DE ORO, THE PHILIPPINES

RESCUE: CAYAGAN DE ORO, THE PHILIPPINES

37 LLIGAN: RESIDENTS RETURN TO START THE RECOVERY PROCESS

LLIGAN: RESIDENTS RETURN TO START THE RECOVERY PROCESS

38 LESSONS LEARNED FOR DISASTER RESILIENCE

LESSONS LEARNED FOR DISASTER RESILIENCE

ALL NATURAL HAZARDS CAPACITY FOR RECOVERY AND RECONSTRUCTION IS ESSENTIAL FOR COMMUNITY RESILIENCE.

39 INTERNATIONAL ASSISTANCE FACILITATES RECOVERY

INTERNATIONAL ASSISTANCE FACILITATES RECOVERY

THE USA, A LONG-TERM ALLY, PLEDGED IMMEDIATE ASSISTANCE OF ALL KINDS THE CHINESE GOVERNMENT PLEDGED FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE

40 2012 TYPHOON BOPHA STRIKES THE PHILIPPINES

2012 TYPHOON BOPHA STRIKES THE PHILIPPINES

41 THE FORECAST FOR THE 2012 PACIFIC TYPHOON SEASON

THE FORECAST FOR THE 2012 PACIFIC TYPHOON SEASON

An above average season was forecast in expectation of El Nino’s impacts in the Pacific with significant impacts, as usual, in the Philippines, China, and Japan.

42 24 STORM TRACKS AS OF DECEMBER 17, 2012

24 STORM TRACKS AS OF DECEMBER 17, 2012

43 TROPICAL STORM MAWAR: PHILIPPINES

TROPICAL STORM MAWAR: PHILIPPINES

; MAY 31-JUNE 6

44 TROPICAL STORM DOKSURI: JUNE 25-30

TROPICAL STORM DOKSURI: JUNE 25-30

45 DOKSURI IMPACTED THE PHILIPPINES, TAIWAN, AND CHINA

DOKSURI IMPACTED THE PHILIPPINES, TAIWAN, AND CHINA

Over $54 million in wind and water damage.

46 TYPHOON BOPHA: NOV

TYPHOON BOPHA: NOV

29 - DEC. 5

47 TYPHOON BOPHA

TYPHOON BOPHA

Bopha, the most powerful typhoon to hit Mindanao in decades, had top winds of 175 kph (110 mph) as it came ashore over the city of Baganga. Bopha destroyed buildings, triggered flooding and landslides, and killed at least 95 people.

48 TYPHOON BOPHA

TYPHOON BOPHA

Millions of people living in remote and unprepared communities, were in Bopha’s path.

49 A landslide in eastern Mindanao blocked a national highway, leaving

A landslide in eastern Mindanao blocked a national highway, leaving

hundreds of people in buses, vans and cars stuck on the road.

50 TOWARDS TYPHOON DISASTER RESILIENCE

TOWARDS TYPHOON DISASTER RESILIENCE

«Lessons learned from past notable disasters the Philippines»
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