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Moonbok Lee Korea Institute for Curriculum and Evaluation
Moonbok Lee Korea Institute for Curriculum and Evaluation
Historical backgrounds about Korea’s “education fever”
Historical backgrounds about Korea’s “education fever”
Historical backgrounds con’t
Historical backgrounds con’t
Historical backgrounds cont
Historical backgrounds cont
EDUCATION = EXAMs = SUCCESS TESTocracy” culture
EDUCATION = EXAMs = SUCCESS TESTocracy” culture
Brief history of Changes in the National Curriculum
Brief history of Changes in the National Curriculum
Key Directions of Revised National Curriculum
Key Directions of Revised National Curriculum
CSAT
CSAT
Test composition
Test composition
Test subjects
Test subjects
Test subjects cont
Test subjects cont
Test implementation
Test implementation
Administration Schedule (Time table)
Administration Schedule (Time table)
Grade Report Card (Sample)
Grade Report Card (Sample)
NAEA
NAEA
Assessment framework
Assessment framework
Achievement levels of NAEA
Achievement levels of NAEA
Achievement trends in 9th Grade (2009-2012)
Achievement trends in 9th Grade (2009-2012)
Use of results
Use of results
PISA 2012 results
PISA 2012 results
PISA 2012 results cont
PISA 2012 results cont
PISA 2012 results: Ready to learn
PISA 2012 results: Ready to learn
PISA 2012 results: Ready to learn cont
PISA 2012 results: Ready to learn cont
PISA 2012 results: Ready to learn cont
PISA 2012 results: Ready to learn cont
PISA 2012 results: Ready to learn cont
PISA 2012 results: Ready to learn cont
Concluding remarks
Concluding remarks
THANK YOU FOR LISTENING
THANK YOU FOR LISTENING

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Moonbok Lee Korea Institute for Curriculum and Evaluation

содержание презентации «Moonbok Lee Korea Institute for Curriculum and Evaluation.pptx»
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1 Moonbok Lee Korea Institute for Curriculum and Evaluation

Moonbok Lee Korea Institute for Curriculum and Evaluation

Korean Education at a Glance: National Assessments & Educational Attainment of Korea

2 Historical backgrounds about Korea’s “education fever”

Historical backgrounds about Korea’s “education fever”

Hendrick Hamel’s account of Korean education in 17th century The nobles and the free men take great care for the education of their children. They place their children under the direction of teachers to learn to read and write. The peope of this country are very enthusiastic about [education] and the method they use is gentle and ingenious. Teachers offer their students the teaching of earlier scholars and constantly cite their example of those who attained fame through high scholarship. The boys devote their time to study day and night (Choe, 1987, p. 98).

3 Historical backgrounds con’t

Historical backgrounds con’t

“The Story of Spring Fragrance” (Chunhyangjeon in Korean), Korea’s best-loved folktale The protagonist, Yi Doryong, is able to save his sweetheart, Spring Fragrance (Chunhyang), from a venal new governor by placing first on the governemnt exam. He is consequently appointed a secret inspector who anonymously wanders the countryside checking up on local administrators, and, in the nick of time, coming across the new governor oppressing the love he left behind in the countrysice.

4 Historical backgrounds cont

Historical backgrounds cont

Education both as a means for personal self-cultivation and as a way of social advancement High-stake examination system served as main selection mechanism for the limited number of government posts Formal education organized largely around exams preparation

5 EDUCATION = EXAMs = SUCCESS TESTocracy” culture

EDUCATION = EXAMs = SUCCESS TESTocracy” culture

Historical backgrounds cont

6 Brief history of Changes in the National Curriculum

Brief history of Changes in the National Curriculum

7 Key Directions of Revised National Curriculum

Key Directions of Revised National Curriculum

8 CSAT

CSAT

Key characteristics

Administration

Test-takers

College Scholastic Ability Test An assessment tool designed to measure students’ academic readiness for college education An achievement + proficiency test that also measures high-order thinking skills

The CSAT is administered once a year (in Nov.). Commissioned by the Ministry of Education, KICE develops and implements the test each year.

High school seniors People with a high school diploma or equivalent certificate

9 Test composition

Test composition

10 Test subjects

Test subjects

Test

Test

Associated National Curriculum subjects

Number of Items

Testing Time (min)

Item type

Korean Language

Korean Language

Type A

Speech & Writing I, Reading & Grammar I, Literature I

45

45

80

80

Multiple choice

Multiple choice

Type B

Speech & Writing II, Reading & Grammar II, Literature II

Math

Math

Type A

Mathematics I, Pre-Calculus and Pre-Statistics

30

30

100

100

Multiple choice (70%) short answer (30%)

Multiple choice (70%) short answer (30%)

Type B

Mathematics I, Mathematics ?, Integration and Statistics, Geometry and Vector

English

English

English I, English II

45 (including 17 listening items)

70

Multiple choice

11 Test subjects cont

Test subjects cont

Test

Test

Subjects (NC)

Number of Items

Testing Time (min)

Item type

Inquiries

Inquiries

Inquiries

Social Studies

Life & Ethics, Ethics & Thought, Korean History, Korean Geography, World Geography, East Asian History, World History, Law & Politics, Economics, Society & Culture (up to 2 of the 10)

20 per subject

20 per subject

20 per subject

30 per subject

30 per subject

30 per subject

Multiple choice

Multiple choice

Multiple choice

Sciences

Physics I, Chemistry I, Life Science I, Earth Science I, Physics II, Chemistry II, Life Science II, Earth Science II (up to 2 of the 8)

Vocational Education

Agricultural Bio Industry, Industry, Commerce & Information, Fishery & Shipping, Home Economics & Business (1 of the 5)

2nd Foreign Languages/Chinese Characters and Classics

2nd Foreign Languages/Chinese Characters and Classics

German I, French I, Spanish I, Chinese I, Japanese I, Russian I, Arabic I, Basic Vietnamese, Chinese Characters and Classics (1 of the 9)

30 per subject

40 min

Multiple choice

12 Test implementation

Test implementation

Annual events

Test Development & Administration

Mar.

Jun.

Sep.

Nov.

Announcement of Annual Administration Plan

June Mock Test

September Mock Test

Administration of the CSAT

13 Administration Schedule (Time table)

Administration Schedule (Time table)

Session

Test

Time Schedule

Entering the room by 08:10

Entering the room by 08:10

Entering the room by 08:10

1st

Korean

08:40 ~ 10:00 (80 min)

Break - 10:00 ~ 10: 20 (20 min)

Break - 10:00 ~ 10: 20 (20 min)

Break - 10:00 ~ 10: 20 (20 min)

2nd

Mathematics

10:30 ~ 12:10 (100 min)

Lunch - 12:20 ~ 13: 10 (50 min)

Lunch - 12:20 ~ 13: 10 (50 min)

Lunch - 12:20 ~ 13: 10 (50 min)

3rd

English

13:10 ~ 14:20 (70 min)

Break - 14:20 ~ 14: 40 (20 min)

Break - 14:20 ~ 14: 40 (20 min)

Break - 14:20 ~ 14: 40 (20 min)

4th

Social Studies Sciences Vocational Studies

14:50 ~ 15:50 (60 min)

Break - 15:50 ~ 16: 10 (20 min)

Break - 15:50 ~ 16: 10 (20 min)

Break - 15:50 ~ 16: 10 (20 min)

5th

2nd Foreign Languages/ Chinese Characters and Classics

16:10 ~ 16:50 (40 min)

14 Grade Report Card (Sample)

Grade Report Card (Sample)

Registration Number

Name

Name

Resident ID

Resident ID

Resident ID

High School (Class or Year of Graduation)

12345678

Kim, Gil-Dong

Kim, Gil-Dong

951234-1234567

951234-1234567

951234-1234567

Seoul High School (0009)

Test

Test

Korean

Mathematics

English

English

Social Studies

Social Studies

2nd Foreign Language/ Chinese C&C

B

A

Korean History

Economics

Japanese I

Standard Score

131

137

141

53

64

69

Percentile Rank

93

95

97

75

93

95

Stanine

2

2

1

4

2

2

15 NAEA

NAEA

Assessment Based on National Curriculum National Assessment of Educational Achievement Achievement Standards Descriptions specifying the objectives and content of the national curriculum enough to guideline in teaching and learning Assessment for Population Since 2008, NAEA is census test for all students who study national curriculum

16 Assessment framework

Assessment framework

Grades

Subjects

Contents

Assessing academic achievement based on national curriculum

9th grade

11th grade

Korean language, Social Studies, Mathematics, Science, English, and Questionnaires

All the content covered from the 7th to the 9th grade, 1st semester

Korean language, Mathematics, English, and Questionnaires

All the content covered in the 10th grade

* Social Studies and Science for 6th grade are assessed in a sample survey(since 2012)

17 Achievement levels of NAEA

Achievement levels of NAEA

BELOW- BASIC

Base Line of basic academic achievement

18 Achievement trends in 9th Grade (2009-2012)

Achievement trends in 9th Grade (2009-2012)

Percentage(%)

19 Use of results

Use of results

20 PISA 2012 results

PISA 2012 results

PISA 2012 Result: Performance of Korean students

Mathematics

Mathematics

Mathematics

Reading Literacy

Reading Literacy

Reading Literacy

Science

Science

Science

Mean (Korea)

Mean (OECD)

Rank

Mean (Korea)

Mean (OECD)

Rank

Mean (Korea)

Mean (OECD)

Rank

554

494

1

536

496

1~2

538

501

2~4

21 PISA 2012 results cont

PISA 2012 results cont

22 PISA 2012 results: Ready to learn

PISA 2012 results: Ready to learn

OECD average

27

32

33

4

8

33

33

24

0.31

0.17

-0.2

-0.21

-0.21

-0.36

-0.38

-0.39

CATEGORY

Intrinsic M

Extrinsic M

Self-efficacy

Participation in math activities

Math intentions

Subjective norms in math

Self-concept

Anxiety

RANKING

23 PISA 2012 results: Ready to learn cont

PISA 2012 results: Ready to learn cont

24 PISA 2012 results: Ready to learn cont

PISA 2012 results: Ready to learn cont

Percentage of students who reported being happy at school

. . .

25 PISA 2012 results: Ready to learn cont

PISA 2012 results: Ready to learn cont

26 Concluding remarks

Concluding remarks

In Korea, entering a prestigious university is a decisive factor in accomplishing socio-economic success of one’s life and desired career. For Korean students, CSAT score is the first priority to consider when selecting which university to enter and what to major in, rather than their academic interests or aptitude.

Since the measures of effectiveness of education is primarily based on the standardised tests, good teaching means teaching students to ace both in-class achievement tests and high-stake exams like the CSAT. However, the reality is frustrating because many high schools in Korea mainly focus on cramming for knowledge and test-preparations in the classroom.

In a broad sense, education is meant to include socilising skills in teaching, such as attitude, communication, character, leadership and collaboration. In order to make positive educational reform in Korea, we need to seek ways to use the assessment for supporting students to develop talents and achieve their dreams, such as performance assessment, formative assessment, portpolio, etc, instead of using it as a decisive factor to make one’s life decision.

27 THANK YOU FOR LISTENING

THANK YOU FOR LISTENING

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