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Muhammad Proclaims a New Faith
Muhammad Proclaims a New Faith
Triumphant return
Triumphant return
Key words
Key words
Holy city
Holy city
Mecca (cont
Mecca (cont
First marriage
First marriage
Divine intervention
Divine intervention
The Hegira
The Hegira
The first Muslims
The first Muslims
The Book of Books
The Book of Books
An intense monotheism
An intense monotheism
Daily prayer
Daily prayer
Military leader
Military leader
Jihad
Jihad
Return to Mecca
Return to Mecca
Dome of the Rock
Dome of the Rock
Successors
Successors
Muhammad’s Arabia
Muhammad’s Arabia
The Islamic Empire
The Islamic Empire

Презентация на тему: «Muhammad Proclaims a New Faith». Автор: Gary R. Olsen. Файл: «Muhammad Proclaims a New Faith.ppt». Размер zip-архива: 3711 КБ.

Muhammad Proclaims a New Faith

содержание презентации «Muhammad Proclaims a New Faith.ppt»
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1 Muhammad Proclaims a New Faith

Muhammad Proclaims a New Faith

key words

A brilliant and militant new civilization rises out of the Arabian desert

2 Triumphant return

Triumphant return

630 CE: Muhammad and his “Muslim” followers enter Mecca after their 8 year exile in Yathrib aka Medina

3 Key words

Key words

Islam Muslim (Moslem) Prophet Quran (Koran) Mecca Medina (Yathrib) Pillars of Islam Hijrah (Hegira) Kaaba (ka’ba, etc.) caliph

jihad Greater Lesser Sunni Shi’ite Umayyad Damascus Abbasid Baghdad Sharia

4 Holy city

Holy city

Right: Mecca as it would have appeared around the time of his birth (below)

5 Mecca (cont

Mecca (cont

Note the ka’aba in the background at the center of the city

6 First marriage

First marriage

c. 595 Khadijah

7 Divine intervention

Divine intervention

c. 610 Muhammad and the angel Gabriel

8 The Hegira

The Hegira

Flight to Yathrib 16 July 622 (Year One) Note that Muhammad’s head is covered….

9 The first Muslims

The first Muslims

Early followers of the Prophet pondering his words at Yathrib aka Medina Muhammad gave daily recitations of the messages he believed came from Allah which his followers faithfully recorded

10 The Book of Books

The Book of Books

The Qur’an 114 chapters (suras)

11 An intense monotheism

An intense monotheism

Right: the Koranic script representing the one God “There is one God, and Muhammad is his prophet.”

12 Daily prayer

Daily prayer

Islam’s “Second Pillar”

13 Military leader

Military leader

The Muslim army is here seen advancing toward battle with the Meccans at Badr (624) Other battles Mount Uhud Battle of the Ditch

14 Jihad

Jihad

A very powerful concept

15 Return to Mecca

Return to Mecca

What policies did Muhammad adopt that allowed him to gain the general support of the people of the city? including the leading merchant families

16 Dome of the Rock

Dome of the Rock

Muhammad is believed to have risen to heaven from this spot

17 Successors

Successors

Muhammad and the “rightly guided caliphs” Abu Bakr Umar (Omar) Uthman Ali Sunni and Shi’ite

18 Muhammad’s Arabia

Muhammad’s Arabia

19 The Islamic Empire

The Islamic Empire

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