Funding “Gandhi was something of a genius when collecting money” (G
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Funding “Gandhi was something of a genius when collecting money” (G. Krishnar). Took charge and financial system changed Provincial Congress Committees had been very poor and often failed to meet their commitments to AICC Collected from women, peasants, wealthy friends and businessmen e.g. Seth Jamnalal Bajaj Tilak Memorial Swaraj Fund set up – highly successful 1921 in three months (April-June) collected Rs. 10,000 1921-23 total funds exceeded Rs. 13, 000 Spent as went along (bad experience in S. Africa) Spent on Congress activity- propaganda, volunteering etc, as well as national education, aid to depressed classes, famine and flood relief and subsidies to Congress organisations How inclusive/representative was it? increasing number of peasant delegates 1918 = 688 1919 = 1095 and steadily rose until 1922 Minorities: Congress sought their participation, especially Muslims. Muslim involvement had been limited (sought Muslim-orientated goals) but World War One and threat to the Khalifa helped. Muslim League, Central Khilafat Committee (1921 10.9%) Post 1923 their support and involvement decreased, although retained support of the religious leaders of Indian Islam. Once Gandhi had gained control over Congress, he gained support of Congress for the Khilafat - in June 1920 he had demanded that Congress support the demands of the Khilafat Movement. Some- Khalilf of the Ottoman Empire was their spiritual head (not all believed this) After WW1, defeat of Germany and Turkey in 1918 a harsh settlement was imposed, with Turkey losing much of her empire. Ali brothers launched strong protect of non-cooperation against British – Gandhi thought could work together > strength in unity and numbers Gandhi’s work with untouchables sign of will for inclusivity and unity. Attempts to branch out- lots of time, money and effort exerted on this. (movement as a whole still marked by fissions of Indian society but Congress was progressing) “Love of the people brought the problem of untouchability early into my life. My mother said, ‘You must not touch this boy, he is an untouchable.’ ‘Why not?’ I questioned back, and from that day my revolt began’ “Swaraj is a meaningless term, if we desire to keep a fifth of India under perpetual subjection…Inhuman ourselves, we may not plead before the Throne for deliverance from the inhumanity of others” (Young India, 1921)- the movement all encompassing Faith in general Tried to have religious representation according to population percentages. Hindu 68% of pop, 1918 76% of AICC (All-Indian Congress Committee) to 1923, 72.5% Muslims 21% of pop, 1918 20.2% to 1923 24.5.% Also referred to Muslims as his brothers Sikhs 1% of pop, 1918 around 0.x% (there were 2 delegates) to 1923 around ?%.Слайд 6 из презентации «Nationalism in India 1920-1947»
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