Public bonfires of foreign cloth, even Bhagat Singh involved
|<< Noncooperation Movement 1920-22||* Assam >>|
Public bonfires of foreign cloth, even Bhagat Singh involved. Picketing of shops selling foreign cloth Import of foreign clothes halved during NCO - power of mass movement Nationalists expected to wear khadi (handspun and handwoven cloth- Indian) > employment and self-sufficiency in rural areas. Emphasised dignity of manual labour –Congress supporters were supposed to spin regularly (in film Gandhi always spinning). Showed Indian unity, and capability. Gandhi saw it as a uniform- white so always had to washed = clean = pure. Quickly became a symbol of anti-British feeling and nationalist commitment. For many, was their first contact with national movement. Sense of empowerment and involvement. Pride. Those who wore it became a target of police attention. Pupils at government schools were not allowed to wear it. Movement escalated in second-half of 1921 Main areas of strength: * Uttar Pradesh. January- March 1921, peasants attacked zamindars in Awadh. Protesting against high prices. Clashes with police and Kisan Sabhas were formed which Gandhi condemned because he argued that the peasants should fight the government, not fellow-Indians. Jawharalal Nehru began his political work in this movement. Eventually this led to the Awadh Rent Act of 1921 which gave greater security to peasants (useful to have lawyers on board, can articulate and argue well) * Bihar. This was a very strong movement. It also became violent at times such as when peasant’s were claiming to be Gandhi’s disciples but it did force merchants to lower prices. (problems of peasant belief in Gandhi as miracle man, didn’t fully comprehend his Satygraha. Power of personality and charisma, brilliant- quote from official, but also a problem.) * Punjab. Many Sikh peasants were involved (not religiously exclusive) in this protest. They demanded that control over their temples (gurudwaras) be taken out of the hands of corrupt priests who were backed by the British, and should instead be replaced by popular control (the Akali Movement) * Bengal. Big strike in Calcutta jute mills in 1921, due to cut-backs for workers. Strong Hindu-Muslim unity in this strike (quite unique). In Midnapor District, peasants refused to pay their tax to the district board after it tried to increased taxes. It was mainly the richer peasants who were involved (point made by R. Kumar about mill strikers in Bombay, the great textile strike of 1919). In late 1921 this escalated into a no-rent campaign by tenants against zamindars. Some Santals looted markets and zamindar-owned forests, and in February 1922, Santals attacked police wearing Gandhi caps, which they claimed made them immune to bullets (miracle man again and lack of understanding of Gandhian doctrine).Слайд 9 из презентации «Nationalism in India 1920-1947»
Размеры: 720 х 540 пикселей, формат: .jpg. Чтобы бесплатно скачать слайд для использования на уроке, щёлкните на изображении правой кнопкой мышки и нажмите «Сохранить изображение как...». Скачать всю презентацию «Nationalism in India 1920-1947.ppt» можно в zip-архиве размером 173 КБ.
«Особенности англоязычных стран» - Страны и люди. Канада. Образование. Социокультурный портрет Великобритании. Культура и искусство. Овладение знаниями. Содружество наций. Формы работы. Спорт. Экономика. Социальная сфера общественной жизни. Содержание учебного курса. США. Новая Зеландия. Формирование межкультурной коммуникативной компетенции.
«New Zealand» - Christchurch. Maori. New Zealand. National Emblem. Country in the south-western Pacific Ocean. National Parks. North Island. Maori Art. The Flag of New Zealand. The first settlers of New Zealand. Animals. Wellington. Some facts. Birds. Stewart Island. New Zealand is a constitutional monarchy. South Island.
«Canada» - Reigning monarch of Britain Elizabeth II. In Canada there are many nature reserves and national parks. Political Map of Canada. Canada. Policy. The real power in the political and economic life of the country belongs to the Parliament The English tradition is formed and the Government of Canada. The shape control is a constitutional monarchy.
«English speaking countries» - Ireland. WHAT IS IRELAND FAMOUS FOR? English-speaking countries. Northern Ireland The Irish Republic. IRISH. Listening-Reading-Speaking-Test. THE IRISH SEA. Ireland: PATRICK`S CATHEDRAL. WHAT IS IRELAND WASHED BY? WHAT ARE THE MAIN SIGHTS OF BELFAST? THE ATLANTIC OCEAN. WELCOME TO IRELAND! SHIPBUILDING.
«Egypt» - Повседневная жизнь богатых. Основные периоды времени. Египет. Живопись и скульптура. Тутанхамон. Король. Историческая справка. Словарь. Фараон. Повседневная жизнь рабочих. Жизнь после смерти.
«Sydney» - Culture. Different festivals. The National Institute of dramatic art. Buildings and architecture. Climate. Surfing at Bondi Beach. Tourism. Entertainment and performing arts. Education. Sport and outdoor activities. Infrastructure. History. Sydney. New south wales.Всего в теме «Страны» 14 презентаций