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So what actually changed

So what actually changed? All-India Congress Committee Most important body. Acted as the ‘Parliament’ > its decisions were binding on all subordinate units Met 4 times per annum Elected by Provincial Congress Committees, and numbers increased from 181 in 1918 to 350 in 1921. Implications of this were a higher number of elected delegates and greater representation and influence Creation of the Working Committee Congress acquired for the first time an executive body active throughout the year. Met once per month (kept on top of current events and changes- meant could adapt) Gave day-to-day direction to the organisation (organised) Gandhi was its inventor and said of it; “its decisions have to be largely unanimous” “it can be dismissed by the All-Indian Congress Committee” According to Gopal Krishna its creation was one of the most innovative and important aspects to Congress’s development during this period (and therefore to the movement due to Congress’s central role) because of the way that through it, Gandhi attempted to meet the need for a compact and disciplined executive to direct a loosely-knit mass movement which had to maintain a broad coalition of divergent elements- everyone involved and working together Local Organisation and impact Provincial Congress committees reorganised on a linguistic basis, with a hierarchy of provincial district- sub-district/town- village committees Increased the number of Provincial Congress Committees between 1918 and 1920 by changing the principles upon which they were formed and divided- no longer on administrative divisions with no single principle, but instead the1920 constitution laid down that the Provincial Congress Committees should be organised on a linguistic basis > allowing for greater cohesiveness and make it increasingly possible for mass of people to be drawn into Congress work. Accordingly the provincial units were reorganised into 21 linguistically homogenous provinces Each village with 5 plus Congress members would have a Congress unit whose task it was to carry out the Congress program in the village. 1918-19 Congress had some type of organisation in nearly half the districts > 1921-22 it had 213 District Congress Committees in 15 Congress Provinces AND in addition by 1921 there were thousands of local units working under the District Committees To bring the Congress closer to the masses, in 1920 it was proposed to conduct Congress sessions as much as poss in Hindustani (Central Provinces).

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