<<   Apple 2   >>
Open Access Free/Open Software, Open Data, Creative Commons Wikipedia:
Open Access Free/Open Software, Open Data, Creative Commons Wikipedia:
What is Open Access (OA)
What is Open Access (OA)
Open Access to What
Open Access to What
There are two ways to provide OA: Green OA Self-Archiving: Authors
There are two ways to provide OA: Green OA Self-Archiving: Authors
Why OA
Why OA
How to provide (Green) OA
How to provide (Green) OA
Impact cycle begins: Research is done
Impact cycle begins: Research is done
This limited subscription-based access can be supplemented by
This limited subscription-based access can be supplemented by
Impact cycle begins: Research is done
Impact cycle begins: Research is done
FSFS Kerala 2008
FSFS Kerala 2008
Usage Advantage + Early Advantage: OA Articles are Downloaded more and
Usage Advantage + Early Advantage: OA Articles are Downloaded more and
(Competitive Advantage): The earlier you mandate Green OA, the sooner
(Competitive Advantage): The earlier you mandate Green OA, the sooner
OA Mandates: Across all countries and disciplines, 95% of researchers
OA Mandates: Across all countries and disciplines, 95% of researchers
University of Tasmania +Repository -Incentive -Mandate Green line:
University of Tasmania +Repository -Incentive -Mandate Green line:
University of Queensland +Repository +Incentive -Mandate Green line:
University of Queensland +Repository +Incentive -Mandate Green line:
Queensland University of Technology +Repository +Incentive +Mandate
Queensland University of Technology +Repository +Incentive +Mandate
Many Repositories but few deposits because deposit mandates are still
Many Repositories but few deposits because deposit mandates are still
What About Copyright
What About Copyright
For the articles in the 37% of journals that have an embargo policy,
For the articles in the 37% of journals that have an embargo policy,
Harvards Copyright Reservation Mandate Model (with opt-out) vs ID/OA
Harvards Copyright Reservation Mandate Model (with opt-out) vs ID/OA
Copyright Reform (and Gold OA) will follow Universal Green OA
Copyright Reform (and Gold OA) will follow Universal Green OA
Open Access, Free/Open Software, Open Data Creative Commons Licensing
Open Access, Free/Open Software, Open Data Creative Commons Licensing
Open Access
Open Access
Free/Open Software
Free/Open Software
Open Data
Open Data
Creative Commons Licensing (Books, Music, Video)
Creative Commons Licensing (Books, Music, Video)
Wikipedia
Wikipedia
Open Access, Free/Open Software, Open Data Creative Commons Licensing
Open Access, Free/Open Software, Open Data Creative Commons Licensing
SUMMARY: Free/Open Software (notably the first Free Software for
SUMMARY: Free/Open Software (notably the first Free Software for
Authors URLs (UQAM & Southampton): http://www
Authors URLs (UQAM & Southampton): http://www

: Open Access Free-Open Software, Open Data, Creative Commons Wikipedia: Commonalities and Distinctions. : Alma Swan. : Open Access Free-Open Software, Open Data, Creative Commons Wikipedia: Commonalities and Distinctions.ppt. zip-: 1584 .

Open Access Free-Open Software, Open Data, Creative Commons Wikipedia: Commonalities and Distinctions

Open Access Free-Open Software, Open Data, Creative Commons Wikipedia: Commonalities and Distinctions.ppt
1 Open Access Free/Open Software, Open Data, Creative Commons Wikipedia:

Open Access Free/Open Software, Open Data, Creative Commons Wikipedia:

Commonalities and Distinctions

Stevan Harnad UQAM & U Southampton

FSFS Kerala 2008

2 What is Open Access (OA)

What is Open Access (OA)

Free online access to refereed research articles

FSFS Kerala 2008

3 Open Access to What

Open Access to What

OPTIONAL: (because these are not all author give-aways, written only for usage and impact): 1. Books 2. Textbooks 3. Magazine articles 4. Newspaper articles 5. Music 6. Video 7. Software 8. Knowledge (or because authors choice to self-archive can only be encouraged, not required in all cases): 9. Data 10. Unrefereed Preprints

ESSENTIAL: to all 2.5 million annual research articles published in all 25,000 peer-reviewed journals (and peer-reviewed conferences) in all scholarly and scientific disciplines, worldwide

FSFS Kerala 2008

4 There are two ways to provide OA: Green OA Self-Archiving: Authors

There are two ways to provide OA: Green OA Self-Archiving: Authors

self-archive the articles they publish in the 25,000 peer-reviewed journals Gold OA Publishing: authors publish in one of the c. 3500 OA http://www.doaj.org/ NB: This presentation is exclusively about providing Green OA, through university policy reform (by mandating Green OA Self-Archiving). It is not about Gold OA Publishing, which is in the hands of the publishing community, not the university community. (Green OA may or may not eventually lead to Gold OA, but it will lead with certainty to OA.)

FSFS Kerala 2008

5 Why OA

Why OA

OA maximizes research progress: uptake, usage, applications and impact Direct benefit of OA: research progress Side-Benefits of OA: developing world access, student access, public access

FSFS Kerala 2008

6 How to provide (Green) OA

How to provide (Green) OA

Self-archive in Institutional Repository Universities and Funders Mandate Self-Archiving

FSFS Kerala 2008

7 Impact cycle begins: Research is done

Impact cycle begins: Research is done

Researchers write pre-refereeing Pre-Print

12-18 Months

Submitted to Journal

Pre-Print reviewed by Peer Experts Peer-Review

Pre-Print revised by articles Authors

Refereed Post-Print Accepted, Certified, Published by Journal

Researchers can access the Post-Print if their university has a subscription to the Journal

FSFS Kerala 2008

8 This limited subscription-based access can be supplemented by

This limited subscription-based access can be supplemented by

self-archiving the Postprint in the authors own institutional repository as follows:

Impact cycle begins: Research is done

Researchers write pre-refereeing Pre-Print

12-18 Months

Submitted to Journal

Pre-Print reviewed by Peer Experts Peer-Review

Pre-Print revised by articles Authors

Refereed Post-Print Accepted, Certified, Published by Journal

Researchers can access the Post-Print if their university has a subscription to the Journal

FSFS Kerala 2008

9 Impact cycle begins: Research is done

Impact cycle begins: Research is done

New impact cycles: New research builds on existing research

Researchers write pre-refereeing Pre-Print

Submitted to Journal

12-18 Months

Pre-Print reviewed by Peer Experts Peer-Review

Pre-Print revised by articles Authors

Refereed Post-Print Accepted, Certified, Published by Journal

Researchers can access the Post-Print if their university has a subscription to the Journal

FSFS Kerala 2008

10 FSFS Kerala 2008

FSFS Kerala 2008

11 Usage Advantage + Early Advantage: OA Articles are Downloaded more and

Usage Advantage + Early Advantage: OA Articles are Downloaded more and

early downloads lead to later citations

Brody, T., Harnad, S. and Carr, L. (2006) Earlier Web Usage Statistics as Predictors of Later Citation Impact. Journal of the American Association for Information Science and Technology (JASIST) 57(8): 1060-1072. http://eprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/10713/

Data from arXiv Downloads (hits) in the first 6 months correlate with citations 2 years later Most articles are not cited at all

FSFS Kerala 2008

12 (Competitive Advantage): The earlier you mandate Green OA, the sooner

(Competitive Advantage): The earlier you mandate Green OA, the sooner

(and bigger) your university's competitive advantage: U. Southampton School of Electronics and Computer Science was the first in the world to adopt an OA self-archiving mandate. (Competitive Advantage vanishes at 100% OA.)

FSFS Kerala 2008

13 OA Mandates: Across all countries and disciplines, 95% of researchers

OA Mandates: Across all countries and disciplines, 95% of researchers

report that they would comply with a self-archiving mandate from their funders and/or employers, and over 80% report that they would do so willingly. -- But only 15% self-archive spontaneously, if it not mandated.

FSFS Kerala 2008

14 University of Tasmania +Repository -Incentive -Mandate Green line:

University of Tasmania +Repository -Incentive -Mandate Green line:

total annual output Red line: proportion self-archived

Data courtesy of Arthur Sale

FSFS Kerala 2008

15 University of Queensland +Repository +Incentive -Mandate Green line:

University of Queensland +Repository +Incentive -Mandate Green line:

total annual output Red line: proportion self-archived

Data courtesy of Arthur Sale

FSFS Kerala 2008

16 Queensland University of Technology +Repository +Incentive +Mandate

Queensland University of Technology +Repository +Incentive +Mandate

Green line: total annual output Red line: proportion self-archived

Data courtesy of Arthur Sale

FSFS Kerala 2008

17 Many Repositories but few deposits because deposit mandates are still

Many Repositories but few deposits because deposit mandates are still

few:

15% of annual 2.5 million articles

FSFS Kerala 2008

18 What About Copyright

What About Copyright

Mandate ID/OA: Immediate Deposit, Optional Access: All articles must be deposited immediately upon acceptance for publication. Publishers have no say over institution-internal record-keeping. Embargoed articles can be made Closed Access instead of Open Access. 63% of journals are Green (already endorse immediate OA)

ROMEO/EPRINTS (Directory of Journal Policies on author OA Self-Archiving): http://romeo.eprints.org/

FSFS Kerala 2008

19 For the articles in the 37% of journals that have an embargo policy,

For the articles in the 37% of journals that have an embargo policy,

the free EPrints institutional Repository-creating software has an Email Eprint Request" Button: The user who reaches the metadata for a Closed Access article puts his email in a box and clicks. This sends an automatic email to the author, with a URL on which the author clicks to automatically email the eprint to the requester.

FSFS Kerala 2008

20 Harvards Copyright Reservation Mandate Model (with opt-out) vs ID/OA

Harvards Copyright Reservation Mandate Model (with opt-out) vs ID/OA

(Immediate Deposit/Optional Access) Mandate Model (no opt-out)

FSFS Kerala 2008

21 Copyright Reform (and Gold OA) will follow Universal Green OA

Copyright Reform (and Gold OA) will follow Universal Green OA

Universal Green OA needs to be mandated Mandates need to be successfully adopted globally ID/OA is the weakest OA mandate, hence the easiest to reach consensus on adopting ID/OA moots all copyright concerns Copyright Reform should not be made a precondition for mandating OA

FSFS Kerala 2008

22 Open Access, Free/Open Software, Open Data Creative Commons Licensing

Open Access, Free/Open Software, Open Data Creative Commons Licensing

Wikipedia The Commonalities and Distinctions

(1) Exception-Free Creator Give-Away? (Created for uptake, usage and impact alone?) (2) Peer-Revewed? (3) Published? (4) Publicly Funded? (5) Copyright Barrier? (**6) Access to code? (7) Modifying/Remixing/"re-using" code? (8) Republishing Code?

FSFS Kerala 2008

23 Open Access

Open Access

(*1) Exception-Free Creator Give-Away (Created for uptake, usage and impact alone) (*2) Peer-Revewed (*3) Published (4) Publicly Funded? Not all (hence funder mandates are not enough) (5) Copyright Barrier? Some (hence ID/OA mandate preferable to license negotiation mandate) (**6) Access to code (7) Modifying/Remixing/"re-using" code? No (refereed research article texts not to be modified or re-mixed) (8) Republishing Code allowed? No (but no need for published article text but no need either, if text is already OA)

FSFS Kerala 2008

24 Free/Open Software

Free/Open Software

(1) Exception-Free Creator Give-Away? (Created for uptake, usage and impact alone?) Not all (nor most, yet) (2) Peer-Revewed? Most not (3) Published? Most not (4) Publicly Funded? Some only (5) Copyright Barrier? Some (**6) Access to code (*7) Modifying/Remixing/"re-using" code (*8) Republishing Code

FSFS Kerala 2008

25 Open Data

Open Data

(1) Exception-Free Creator Give-Away? (Created for uptake, usage and impact alone?) Not all (nor most, yet) (2) Peer-Revewed? Most not (3) Published? Most not (4) Publicly Funded? Some only (5) Copyright Barrier? Most not (**6) Access to code (*7) Modifying/Remixing/"re-using" code (*8) Republishing Code

FSFS Kerala 2008

26 Creative Commons Licensing (Books, Music, Video)

Creative Commons Licensing (Books, Music, Video)

(1) Exception-Free Creator Give-Away? (Created for uptake, usage and impact alone?) Not all (nor most, yet) (2) Peer-Revewed? Most not (3) Published? Some (4) Publicly Funded? Some only (5) Copyright Barrier? Most (**6) Access to code (*7) Modifying/Remixing/"re-using" code (*8) Republishing Code

FSFS Kerala 2008

27 Wikipedia

Wikipedia

(*1) Exception-Free Creator Give-Away (Created for uptake, usage and impact alone) (2) Peer-Revewed? Not (3) Published? Most not (4) Publicly Funded? Not (5) Copyright Barrier Not (**6) Access to code (*7) Modifying/Remixing/"re-using" code (*8) Republishing Code

FSFS Kerala 2008

28 Open Access, Free/Open Software, Open Data Creative Commons Licensing

Open Access, Free/Open Software, Open Data Creative Commons Licensing

Wikipedia

The only shared invariant across all 5 is the quest for: (**6) Access to code And what makes it possible to mandate Open Access to the code (text) for refereed research is that it is all an author give-away already, written solely for access, uptake, usage and impact, not for fee or royalty.

FSFS Kerala 2008

29 SUMMARY: Free/Open Software (notably the first Free Software for

SUMMARY: Free/Open Software (notably the first Free Software for

creating OAI-compliant Open Access Institutional Repositories, EPrints, created in 2000, distributed under the GNU license, and now used worldwide) has been central to the growth of the Open Access Movement. However, there are also crucial distinctions that need to be made and understood, among the movements for (1) Free/Open source software, (2) Open Access (to peer-reviewed research), (3) Open Data, (4) Creative Commons licensing, and (5) Wikipedia-style collective writing. Open Access (OA) is focussed primarily on refereed research articles. The crucial distinctions revolve mostly around (a) the fundamental difference between author giveaway vs. non-giveaway work and (b) the functional differences between the re-use needs for peer-reviewed research article texts on the one hand, and data, software and other kinds of digital content on the other.

FSFS Kerala 2008

30 Authors URLs (UQAM & Southampton): http://www

Authors URLs (UQAM & Southampton): http://www

crsc.uqam.ca/ http://users.ecs.soton.ac.uk/harnad/ BIBLIOGRAPHY ON OA IMPACT ADVANTAGE: http://opcit.eprints.org/oacitation-biblio.html BOAI Self-Archiving FAQ: http://www.eprints.org/self-faq/ CITEBASE (scientometric engine): http://citebase.eprints.org/ EPRINTS: http://www.eprints.org/ OA ARCHIVANGELISM: http://openaccess.eprints.org/ ROAR (Registry of OA Repositories): http://roar.eprints.org/ ROARMAP (Registry of OA Repository Mandates): http://www.eprints.org/openaccess/policysignup/ ROMEO/EPRINTS (Directory of Journal Policies on author OA Self-Archiving): http://romeo.eprints.org/

FSFS Kerala 2008

Open Access Free-Open Software, Open Data, Creative Commons Wikipedia: Commonalities and Distinctions
http://900igr.net/prezentacija/anglijskij-jazyk/open-access-free-open-software-open-data-creative-commons-wikipedia-commonalities-and-distinctions-73799.html
c

29
900igr.net > > > Open Access Free-Open Software, Open Data, Creative Commons Wikipedia: Commonalities and Distinctions