Английские глаголы
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Present perfect and pluperfect
Present perfect and pluperfect
Past participle
Past participle
Past participle in Spanish
Past participle in Spanish
Practice exercise
Practice exercise
Past participles in Spanish
Past participles in Spanish
English
English
Helping verb
Helping verb
Click here to go to a brief practice exercise
Click here to go to a brief practice exercise
Pluscuamperfecto
Pluscuamperfecto
Present perfect
Present perfect
Imperfect tense
Imperfect tense
Click here to go to a brief practice exercise
Click here to go to a brief practice exercise

Презентация: «Past perfect simple». Автор: . Файл: «Past perfect simple.ppt». Размер zip-архива: 42 КБ.

Past perfect simple

содержание презентации «Past perfect simple.ppt»
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1 Present perfect and pluperfect

Present perfect and pluperfect

Present Perfect and Pluperfect

2 Past participle

Past participle

Past Participle

All perfect tenses are made up of two parts: the helping verb and the past participle of the main verb: helping verb past participle helping verb past participle He has eaten. We have seen. They have left. You have finished. I have studied. She has fallen.

3 Past participle in Spanish

Past participle in Spanish

This is how you form the past participle in Spanish: Drop the –ar and add –ado: hablar hablado nadar nadado pensar pensado almorzar almorzado llegar llegado estar estado Drop the –er or –ir and add –ido: comer comido poder podido leer le?do querer querido asistir asistido venir venido

4 Practice exercise

Practice exercise

Click here to go to a brief practice exercise.

5 Past participles in Spanish

Past participles in Spanish

There are, of course, irregular past participles in Spanish as there are in English. call have called jump have jumped look have looked eat have eated???? have eaten bring have bringed???? have brought

6 English

English

You have to memorize the irregular past participles in Spanish just as you do in English. volver vuelto (NOT volvido) poner puesto (NOT ponido) abrir abierto etc. cubrir cubierto escribir escrito ver visto morir muerto decir dicho hacer hecho romper roto

7 Helping verb

Helping verb

Helping Verb

Now you need a helping verb to go with your past participles. What we use is the present tense of the verb “haber.” he hablado hemos hablado has hablado hab?is hablado ha hablado han hablado Use these verb forms with all your past participles: he comido, has querido, ha vuelto, hemos trabajado, etc.

8 Click here to go to a brief practice exercise

Click here to go to a brief practice exercise

9 Pluscuamperfecto

Pluscuamperfecto

Pluperfect (Past Perfect) (Pluscuamperfecto)

The past perfect (also called the pluperfect and, in Spanish, the pluscuamperfecto), remember, is the past of the past and translates with “had” in English. ALL perfect tenses get a helping verb and a past participle: present perfect he has eaten past perfect he had eaten future perfect he will have eaten conditional perfect he would have eaten

10 Present perfect

Present perfect

As you saw, the present perfect tense has a set of helping verbs that come from “haber”: he hemos has hab?is ha han The same is true of the past perfect. The helping verbs for the past perfect are the imperfect form of “haber”: hab?a hablado hab?amos hablado hab?as hablado hab?ais hablado hab?a hablado hab?an hablado

11 Imperfect tense

Imperfect tense

Note that the endings on “haber” for the past perfect are the endings for the imperfect tense: hab?a hab?amos hab?as hab?ais hab?a hab?an The present perfect is the PRESENT tense of “haber” + the past participle. The past perfect tense is the IMPERFECT (PAST) tense of “haber” + the past participle. Guess what the future perfect tense is composed of. But that’s another lesson.

12 Click here to go to a brief practice exercise

Click here to go to a brief practice exercise

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