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The Industrial Age: From Realism to Modernism
The Industrial Age: From Realism to Modernism
Materialism
Materialism
Realism
Realism
Realism in Pictorial Art
Realism in Pictorial Art
Honore Daumier: sufferings of poor and caricatured the powerful
Honore Daumier: sufferings of poor and caricatured the powerful
The Realist Novel
The Realist Novel
Hegel, Marx and Communism
Hegel, Marx and Communism
The Spirit of Progress
The Spirit of Progress
Voices of a New Age
Voices of a New Age
Monuments of Progress
Monuments of Progress
The Modern City
The Modern City
Architect Louis Sullivan, after Great Chicago Fire Designed the modern
Architect Louis Sullivan, after Great Chicago Fire Designed the modern
Music and Modernity
Music and Modernity
Verdis Operas
Verdis Operas
Wagners Musical Revolution
Wagners Musical Revolution
Used Germanic myths and legends Innovations: a.orchestra over singing
Used Germanic myths and legends Innovations: a.orchestra over singing
Late Romantic Music and Dance
Late Romantic Music and Dance
Modernity
Modernity
The Last Romantics
The Last Romantics
Symbolism and Art for Arts Sake
Symbolism and Art for Arts Sake
Art Nouveau
Art Nouveau
Debussys Musical Impressions
Debussys Musical Impressions
Rodin
Rodin
Impressionism and Beyond
Impressionism and Beyond
Monet and the Impressionists
Monet and the Impressionists
Morisot
Morisot
Renoir
Renoir
Degas/Cassatt
Degas/Cassatt
Post-Impressionism: Seurat
Post-Impressionism: Seurat
Cezanne
Cezanne
Gauguin
Gauguin
Van Gogh
Van Gogh

: . : Ana Maria Myers. : .ppt. zip-: 243 .

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1 The Industrial Age: From Realism to Modernism

The Industrial Age: From Realism to Modernism

2 Materialism

Materialism

The belief that science, technology and industry can know all truth, solve all problems and create human happiness The Industrial Age: 1850-1910

3 Realism

Realism

Great economic boom fueled by science and technology Railroads: symbol of progress French Revolution of 1848 (third) Realism: sober detachment and practicality; truthful and objective representation of the social world without embellishments Aim: depict society as it was

4 Realism in Pictorial Art

Realism in Pictorial Art

Courbet: enraged Parisians with his portrayal of provincial life Ordinary lives and routine events Burial at Ornans: caused a scandal Rosa Bonheur: The Horse Fair less threatening and political Photography and print-making

5 Honore Daumier: sufferings of poor and caricatured the powerful

Honore Daumier: sufferings of poor and caricatured the powerful

Matthew Brady in the US photographed the cruelty of the Civil War Kathe Kollwitz: celebrated workers resistance to injustice in Uprising Winslow Homer (children and drama at sea) and Thomas Eakins (influenced by Manet, painted rowing, sailors, swimmers): American practicality with realist technique

6 The Realist Novel

The Realist Novel

Description of industrial society: novel (dominant literary form of 19th century) Dickens: protest vs. cruelty to children David Copperfield, Oliver Twist Gustave Flaubert: Madame Bovary, na?ve woman overwhelmed by modern world Other works deal with illusion and disillusionment

7 Hegel, Marx and Communism

Hegel, Marx and Communism

Karl Marx: scorned romantic illusions of revolutionaries. Theory of economics and socialism: Communist Manifesto Influenced by Hegel Predicted conflict between industrialists and masses: materialism Communism: abolish private ownership Socialism: road to communism

8 The Spirit of Progress

The Spirit of Progress

Material and scientific progress Victorians: optimistic about science but doubtful about the injustices brought about by their imperialism

9 Voices of a New Age

Voices of a New Age

Charles Darwin: nature obeyed laws of progress; survival of fittest resulted from natural selection Social Darwinism used to justify colonial exploitation of Africa and Asia Walt Whitman celebrated the diversity of modern human life: Leaves of Grass

10 Monuments of Progress

Monuments of Progress

Many architectural styles: Neoclassic, Gothic and Renaissance revivals New: The Crystal Palace, of iron and glass, built for the Great Exhibition in London, 1851 (Joseph Paxton) Iron used in bridges, industry Eiffel Tower: tallest building of world for forty years

11 The Modern City

The Modern City

Cities built from scratch: Washington D.C, St. Petersburg in Russia, influenced by Versailles rational plan and neoclassical style Paris challenge: Haussmann, appointed by Napoleon to convert Paris into an imperial capital Broad boulevards and plazas, trees, spaciousness

12 Architect Louis Sullivan, after Great Chicago Fire Designed the modern

Architect Louis Sullivan, after Great Chicago Fire Designed the modern

skyscraper Made possible by the elevator Steel-cage frame Floral decoration in cast iron from Art Nouveau

13 Music and Modernity

Music and Modernity

Opera house in Paris was the centerpiece of the city

14 Verdis Operas

Verdis Operas

Giuseppe Verdi: National hero of Italian opera Rigoletto, Il Trovatore, La Traviata Aida: opening of the Suez Canal Used Shakespearean characters, intense emotions, and comic genius.Otello, Falstaff Emphasized action

15 Wagners Musical Revolution

Wagners Musical Revolution

Richard Wagner: Flamboyant, arrogant musical genius Ludwig II: built his dream opera house in Bayreuth Had love affairs with wives and daughters of patrons and colleagues Extravagant ideas: opera as the synthesis of myth, music, poetry, drama and painting

16 Used Germanic myths and legends Innovations: a.orchestra over singing

Used Germanic myths and legends Innovations: a.orchestra over singing

b.Leitmotif (distinct melody associated with character or object) as unifying element c. chromatic harmonies: used all twelve of the tones in a scale; dissolved traditional tonality and made his music emotional The Ring of the Niebelung: four operas (16 hours) that tell the Nordic gods tales

17 Late Romantic Music and Dance

Late Romantic Music and Dance

Brahms: Disciple of Beethoven; last great composer Tchaikovsky: 1812 Overture, Swan Lake, Sleeping Beauty Marius Petipa-- first great choreographer for classical ballet

18 Modernity

Modernity

The process by which the new, up-to-date, and the contemporary replace the outmoded and traditional. Artists turned against modernity Baudelaire (French poet) Dostoyevsky (Russian novelist)

19 The Last Romantics

The Last Romantics

Anticipated the coming artistic techniques: Poetry: enigmatic symbolism Visual Arts: plants and designs of Art Nouveau Music: Debussy Sculpture: Rodins figures

20 Symbolism and Art for Arts Sake

Symbolism and Art for Arts Sake

Baudelaire: his poetry explored connections between sordid and sublime; erotic Rejected values of industrial society Lart pour lart art parallel to the world in a separate universe

21 Art Nouveau

Art Nouveau

Style of decorative art and architecture that used floral motifs and stressed unity of materials and form Tiffanys colored glass Antonio Gaudi: Buildings, churches and parks in Barcelona

22 Debussys Musical Impressions

Debussys Musical Impressions

His works explored new harmonies Evoke dream-like moods and impressions Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun Discarded conventional harmony

23 Rodin

Rodin

Broke with the commemorative public sculpture :Bartholdis Statue of Liberty The Gates of Hell: from Dantes Inferno Tortured figures The Thinker: Dante Balzac was rejected Art was private and subjective

24 Impressionism and Beyond

Impressionism and Beyond

Artists wanted to paint modern life Impressions of the moment Defined new techniques of light, color and visual form Precursor : Manet Luncheon on the Grass Violated painterly tradition Bar at the Folies-Bergere

25 Monet and the Impressionists

Monet and the Impressionists

Paintings rejected by official Salon 1874: own exhibition Impression: Sunrise, St. Lazare Train Station Monet Use of light, color, spontaneous technique, detachment and innovative design Renoir, Morisot, Degas, Pissarro, Cassatt

26 Morisot

Morisot

View of Paris from the Trocadero Discarded conventional subject Light and motion Open air Did not mix paints before applying them No didactic purpose

27 Renoir

Renoir

More poetic/emotional than Monet Informal mood of city life Le Moulin de la Galette Accidental pattern of yellow straw hats and prints of womens dresses Influenced by Michelangelo in his later years

28 Degas/Cassatt

Degas/Cassatt

Arbitrary framing of his subjects Off-center The Dancer in Green, ballet scene Influenced by Japanese prints Friends with the American Mary Cassatt Flattened perspective The Boating Party mother/child

29 Post-Impressionism: Seurat

Post-Impressionism: Seurat

Post-Impressionists extended impressionist techniques in different directions Seurat: closest to Monets pure impressionism Urban life, unmixed colors directly applied Sunday Afternoon on the Island of la Grande Jatte pointillism

30 Cezanne

Cezanne

Mont Saint-Victoire, in the Mediterranean Explored the essence of reality Reduced objects to their basic geometric pattern Precursor to modern painting, abstract and cubist art: Picasso

31 Gauguin

Gauguin

Wanted to express human feeling, to enter the mysterious center of thought. Primitives of Brittany, northwest France Sought unique and picturesque Unnatural colors, heavy lines and flattened shapes: precursor to surrealism, Dali The Vision after the Sermon, Self-Portrait with Halo

32 Van Gogh

Van Gogh

Early: sympathy for the plight of peasants Influenced by impressionists Uses colors to convey strong emotions Starry Night: swirling lines convey violent energy Vivid colors, paint applied thickly, with knife. Influenced by Japanese art Precursor to abstract expressionism

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