Курсы английского
<<  Study Questions Assignments Use for Midterm Review Technology Assistance for Rural Development  >>
Political Economy of Fisheries Reform: Lessons and Applications for
Political Economy of Fisheries Reform: Lessons and Applications for
Presentation outline
Presentation outline
Background
Background
Methodology
Methodology
Factors which have influenced fisheries aid to Africa
Factors which have influenced fisheries aid to Africa
Levels of fisheries aid to Africa
Levels of fisheries aid to Africa
Levels of fisheries aid to Africa
Levels of fisheries aid to Africa
Levels of fisheries aid to Africa
Levels of fisheries aid to Africa
Levels of fisheries aid to Africa
Levels of fisheries aid to Africa
Challenges to effective aid- Key issues
Challenges to effective aid- Key issues
Challenges to effective aid- Key issues
Challenges to effective aid- Key issues
Recommendations
Recommendations
Recommendations
Recommendations
Thank You
Thank You

Презентация: «Political Economy of Fisheries Reform: Lessons and Applications for Development Assistance». Автор: Dr. Sloans Chimatiro. Файл: «Political Economy of Fisheries Reform: Lessons and Applications for Development Assistance.ppt». Размер zip-архива: 807 КБ.

Political Economy of Fisheries Reform: Lessons and Applications for Development Assistance

содержание презентации «Political Economy of Fisheries Reform: Lessons and Applications for Development Assistance.ppt»
СлайдТекст
1 Political Economy of Fisheries Reform: Lessons and Applications for

Political Economy of Fisheries Reform: Lessons and Applications for

Development Assistance

Sloans Chimatiro Senior Fisheries Advisor NEPAD Secretariat, Johannesburg, South Africa Steve Cunningham, Director IDDRA Montpelier, France

Presented at the Case Study Peer Review Session of the Africa Platform for Development Effectiveness 6th June 2011, Balalaika Hotel Sandton, South Africa

2 Presentation outline

Presentation outline

Background to the study Methodology Factors which have influenced fisheries aid to Africa Levels of fisheries aid to Africa (1973-2001) Analysis of performance of fisheries aid Challenges to effectiveness of fisheries aid Recommendations

3 Background

Background

This study is part of a collaborative global study between NEPAD Agency and the World Bank entitled “The political economy of natural resource use: lessons for fisheries reforms”; and subsidiary study known as “The political economy of fisheries reform: lessons and applications for development assistance”. The studies aim at drawing lessons to inform the architecture of the donor support to African fisheries policy and governance reforms. The studies are based on the hypothesis that: “the key reason for the disconnect between fisheries development aid and impact of fisheries (natural resources) sustainability is that by and large development projects have lacked a solid theoretical underpinning”

4 Methodology

Methodology

Preparation of background paper on Africa, as part of the World Bank’s global study Commissioned four case studies: Ghana (Anglophone, West Africa, less aid); Mozambique (Lusophone, Southern Africa, a lot of aid); Senegal (Francophone, West Africa, a lot of aid); and Uganda (Anglophone, East Africa, a lot of aid) Description of country’s aid structure; fisheries performance in terms of formulation of projects, and development impact Economic theory of overexploitation of fisheries and suggestions for effective involvement of aid

5 Factors which have influenced fisheries aid to Africa

Factors which have influenced fisheries aid to Africa

Growing scarcity of fish globally has focused interest in Africa The powerful fishing entities in Europe and Asia represents a strong political lobby to sustain their industry “Aid Business” has become more pluralistic, comprising donors, aid agencies, intermediaries in recipient countries

6 Levels of fisheries aid to Africa

Levels of fisheries aid to Africa

Using data provided by the World Bank, we found that African fisheries have received substantial aid (US $4.6 billion between 1973-2001)

7 Levels of fisheries aid to Africa

Levels of fisheries aid to Africa

Table 3. Fisheries Development Aid in Africa – Top 10 Donors

Table 3. Fisheries Development Aid in Africa – Top 10 Donors

Table 3. Fisheries Development Aid in Africa – Top 10 Donors

Table 3. Fisheries Development Aid in Africa – Top 10 Donors

Donor

US $ millions

Donor

No. projects

Japan

799

France

294

France

432

EU-OECD

206

Sweden

392

Sweden

167

Italy

312

Japan

165

EU-OECD

309

Norway

161

AFDB

281

Italy

131

Norway

272

Canada

117

West Germany

234

Netherlands

100

World Bank (IDA)

178

Belgium

84

World Bank (IBRD)

145

Spain

81

Total

3,354

3,354

1,506

Source: Calculations based on database developed by Hicks (2007)

Source: Calculations based on database developed by Hicks (2007)

Source: Calculations based on database developed by Hicks (2007)

Source: Calculations based on database developed by Hicks (2007)

8 Levels of fisheries aid to Africa

Levels of fisheries aid to Africa

Table 4. Fisheries Development Aid in Africa – Top Recipients

Table 4. Fisheries Development Aid in Africa – Top Recipients

Table 4. Fisheries Development Aid in Africa – Top Recipients

Table 4. Fisheries Development Aid in Africa – Top Recipients

Recipient

Total (US $ millions)

Recipient

Number of projects

Mozambique

385

Mozambique

147

Angola

366

Angola

106

Morocco

342

Senegal

103

Senegal

302

Madagascar

75

Mauritania

203

Mauritania

69

Egypt

191

Tanzania

64

Madagascar

190

Namibia

60

Tunisia

178

Morocco

59

Somalia

149

Source: Calculations based on database developed by Hicks (2007)

Source: Calculations based on database developed by Hicks (2007)

Source: Calculations based on database developed by Hicks (2007)

Source: Calculations based on database developed by Hicks (2007)

9 Levels of fisheries aid to Africa

Levels of fisheries aid to Africa

Parameter

Global

Africa

Fish utilization and trade

110 million tones (77% catch) used for human food; Trade: 37% catch (value US $86 billion); exports grown by 32% (2000-06); 49% exports from DCs;

- Africa is a net exporter of fish (since 1985); - Total exports: US $4.4 billion (5% global) - Total imports: US $679 million (<1% global) - 19.4 % agric exports on average;

Supply and consumption

- Global per capita fish supply increased to 16.7 kg in 2006 (from 16.4 kg in 2005); - fish contributes 15% global protein supplies;

- Fish supply in SSA is static (8.3 kg/capita); - Mean fish consumption by country : 21% daily protein; - Ghana (65%), Sierra Leone (63%), Gambia (57%), Nigeria (36%), South Africa (8%);

Policy and management

- Policy development and fisheries management are major challenges; key issues: - limited institutional capacity; - role of public sector reform and better governance, and ODA; - Concern over fishing capacity and subsidies; - Also in key areas (mainstreaming EcSA and PrecA, bycatch, bottom trawl regulations, shark fisheries, IUU); - prioritization of capacity-building; - role of international and regional dimensions.

There have been few objective assessments of policy and fisheries management in Africa; There are some recent indicators: (1) Fisheries development policy: - PRSPs – fisheries quality rating: 32% - WB-CAS – rating: 6% - EU-CSP –rating: 10% - Mean value : 16% (2) Fisheries management : - Formulation/Implementation mean : 34% (3) Fisheries management (McWhinnie rating): - Morocco (33%) - Namibia (50%) - South Africa (50%)

Table 3. Comparison of the status of global and African fisheries and aquaculture fisheries Source: Cunningham and Neiland (2009), adapted from FAO-SOFIA

10 Challenges to effective aid- Key issues

Challenges to effective aid- Key issues

Lack of ownership of the process of identifying and formulating projects by the African fisheries institutions, including Ministries of Fisheries and fish-dependent communities. Over the past decades, capacity development was never emphasised in fisheries development aid (recently this has changed). Volume of aid and aid targets have been influenced by the prevailing development narrative with particular focus on infrastructure (e.g. Fishing harbours and fleets). With evidence that choice of targets were consultative; Fisheries policy has been influenced by international development narratives for natural resources; with no efforts have to link fisheries to the wider national macro-economic development policies.

11 Challenges to effective aid- Key issues

Challenges to effective aid- Key issues

Multiplicity of channels of aid has overwhelmed the capacity of recipient countries to coordinate and make good use of aid The performance of fisheries aid is difficult to discern precisely in all the case-studies. In all four case study countries, the fisheries are in general currently characterised by: overexploitation, both economic and biological, which suggests that the overall contribution of fisheries aid aimed at fisheries development has not been very successful, in many cases, the fisheries are in poor state than before. effective fisheries management systems have been not been established, and the problems associated with regulated open access have emerged including weak economic performance, declining stock levels and social instability.

12 Recommendations

Recommendations

Likely use of aid as a source of investment, should include a detailed assessment, at an early stage, of the potential benefits which can be realised on a sustainable basis from a well-managed fisheries sector. Aid-funded projects should be well-designed and provide the future vision and direction for fisheries sectoral development through the clear identification of policy objectives and implementation mechanisms. The prioritisation of fisheries aid programmes and projects should be clearly linked and flow from the sectoral policy framework – objectives and mechanisms. The performance of fisheries aid investments should be carefully monitored, assessed and evaluated: at a project level (i.e. did the project achieve its stated objectives?); and in relation to sectoral policy goals (i.e. did the investment have a positive and desired impact in relation to policy goals?);

13 Recommendations

Recommendations

Fisheries aid should be part of this dynamic process, with a need to anticipate and plan ahead for likely investments required over time; The linkage between national macro-economic policy and fisheries policy must be established and understood in order to ensure that fisheries aid is effectively prioritised and used within the overall context of national development. Fisheries aid for improved fisheries management should give proper consideration to the central role of resource rent in fisheries exploitation (both a benefit and an incentive to overexploit under weak management) and addressed using appropriate management approaches (e.g. wealth-based fisheries management). Economic analysis should provide the essential theoretical and empirical framework; The relationship between fisheries reform and fisheries aid should also be well-defined in the future; including the benefit & cost of reform, and the need for aid where appropriate over time given that fisheries reform can take decades rather than just years.

14 Thank You

Thank You

www.nepad.org www.africanfisheries.org www.stopillegalfishing.com

Pix: S. Chimatiro

«Political Economy of Fisheries Reform: Lessons and Applications for Development Assistance»
http://900igr.net/prezentacija/anglijskij-jazyk/political-economy-of-fisheries-reform-lessons-and-applications-for-development-assistance-240047.html
cсылка на страницу

Курсы английского

25 презентаций о курсах английского
Урок

Английский язык

29 тем
Слайды
900igr.net > Презентации по английскому языку > Курсы английского > Political Economy of Fisheries Reform: Lessons and Applications for Development Assistance