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REMEMBERING SOME OF THE LESSONS FROM 2013’S DISASTERS PART 2: TYPHOONS
REMEMBERING SOME OF THE LESSONS FROM 2013’S DISASTERS PART 2: TYPHOONS
SUPER TYPHOON HAIYAN DEVASTATES THE PHILIPPINES; NOVEMBER 8-10, 2013
SUPER TYPHOON HAIYAN DEVASTATES THE PHILIPPINES; NOVEMBER 8-10, 2013
HAIYAN REACHED THE PHILIPPINES: FRIDAY, NOV
HAIYAN REACHED THE PHILIPPINES: FRIDAY, NOV
LANDFALL ON FRIDAY MORNING, NOV
LANDFALL ON FRIDAY MORNING, NOV
CAUSES OF RISK
CAUSES OF RISK
ONCE AGAIN, 2013’S DISASTERS DEMONSTRATED THAT IT USUALLY TAKES
ONCE AGAIN, 2013’S DISASTERS DEMONSTRATED THAT IT USUALLY TAKES
A FLAWED PREMISE: ONE TYPHOON DISASTER ANYWHERE SHOULD BE ENOUGH TO
A FLAWED PREMISE: ONE TYPHOON DISASTER ANYWHERE SHOULD BE ENOUGH TO
EXAMPLE: THE PHILIPPINES
EXAMPLE: THE PHILIPPINES
THE PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES HAVE HAD MANY OPPORTUNITIES TO LEARN
THE PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES HAVE HAD MANY OPPORTUNITIES TO LEARN
A FLAWED PREMISE: BY NOW, THE PHILIPPINES SHOULD HAVE POLICIES IN
A FLAWED PREMISE: BY NOW, THE PHILIPPINES SHOULD HAVE POLICIES IN
The people who know: 1) what to expect (e
The people who know: 1) what to expect (e
LESSON: TIMELY EARLY WARNING AND EVACUATION SAVES LIVES
LESSON: TIMELY EARLY WARNING AND EVACUATION SAVES LIVES
LESSON: EMERGENCY MEDICAL PREPAREDNESS SAVES LIVES
LESSON: EMERGENCY MEDICAL PREPAREDNESS SAVES LIVES
LESSON: WIND ENGINEERED BUILDINGS SAVE LIVES
LESSON: WIND ENGINEERED BUILDINGS SAVE LIVES
LESSON: EMERGENCY RESPONSE SAVES LIVES
LESSON: EMERGENCY RESPONSE SAVES LIVES
LESSON: THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY ALWAYS PROVIDES AID
LESSON: THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY ALWAYS PROVIDES AID
HAIYAN: A SUPER TYPHOON
HAIYAN: A SUPER TYPHOON
RATED AS PROBABLY THE STRONGEST TYPHOON EVER TO STRIKE THE PHILIPPINES
RATED AS PROBABLY THE STRONGEST TYPHOON EVER TO STRIKE THE PHILIPPINES
HAIYAN MOVED TOWARDS VIETNAM AND CHINA: SAT
HAIYAN MOVED TOWARDS VIETNAM AND CHINA: SAT
ADVANCE EVACUATIONS
ADVANCE EVACUATIONS
AN EVACUATION CENTER
AN EVACUATION CENTER
FOUR HOURS OF FEAR AND DESTRUCTION
FOUR HOURS OF FEAR AND DESTRUCTION
AN AERIAL VIEW
AN AERIAL VIEW
DESTRUCTION EVERYWHERE
DESTRUCTION EVERYWHERE
TACLOBAN (ON LEYTE ISLAND) HIT THE HARDEST
TACLOBAN (ON LEYTE ISLAND) HIT THE HARDEST
SURVIVOR STORIES
SURVIVOR STORIES
STORM SURGE
STORM SURGE
DESTRUCTION EVERYWHERE
DESTRUCTION EVERYWHERE
DESTRUCTION EVERYWHERE
DESTRUCTION EVERYWHERE
DESTRUCTION EVERYWHERE
DESTRUCTION EVERYWHERE
DESTRUCTION AND DEATH EVERYWHERE
DESTRUCTION AND DEATH EVERYWHERE
DESTRUCTION EVERYWHERE
DESTRUCTION EVERYWHERE
TACLOBAN AIRPORT
TACLOBAN AIRPORT
INITIAL IMPACTS IN THE PHILIPPINES
INITIAL IMPACTS IN THE PHILIPPINES
INITIAL IMPACTS IN THE PHILIPPINES
INITIAL IMPACTS IN THE PHILIPPINES
SURVIVOR NEEDS
SURVIVOR NEEDS
USA MILITARY FORCES DISPATCHED TO ASSIST IN WHAT BECAME A HISTORIC
USA MILITARY FORCES DISPATCHED TO ASSIST IN WHAT BECAME A HISTORIC
Search and Rescue and Relief Efforts Were Hampered by Landslides and
Search and Rescue and Relief Efforts Were Hampered by Landslides and
TYPHOON DISASTER RESILIENCE POLICIES AND MEASURES NEEDED BY MANY
TYPHOON DISASTER RESILIENCE POLICIES AND MEASURES NEEDED BY MANY
WAYS TO ACCELERATE PROGRESS TOWARDS TYPHOON RESILIENCE
WAYS TO ACCELERATE PROGRESS TOWARDS TYPHOON RESILIENCE
THE CHALLENGE:
THE CHALLENGE:
DATA BASES AND INFORMATION
DATA BASES AND INFORMATION
CREATING TURNING POINTS FOR TYPHOON DISASTER RESILIENCE
CREATING TURNING POINTS FOR TYPHOON DISASTER RESILIENCE
2014--2020 IS A GOOD TIME FOR A GLOBAL SURGE IN EDUCATIONAL, TECHNICAL
2014--2020 IS A GOOD TIME FOR A GLOBAL SURGE IN EDUCATIONAL, TECHNICAL
CREATING TURNING POINTS FOR TYPHOON DISASTER RESILIENCE
CREATING TURNING POINTS FOR TYPHOON DISASTER RESILIENCE
REMEMBERING SOME OF THE LESSONS FROM 2013’S DISASTERS PART 2: TYPHOONS
REMEMBERING SOME OF THE LESSONS FROM 2013’S DISASTERS PART 2: TYPHOONS
INTEGRATION OF TECHNICAL AND POLITICAL CONSIDERATIONS
INTEGRATION OF TECHNICAL AND POLITICAL CONSIDERATIONS

Презентация на тему: «REMEMBERING SOME OF THE LESSONS FROM 2013’S DISASTERS PART 2: TYPHOONS». Автор: Walter Hays. Файл: «REMEMBERING SOME OF THE LESSONS FROM 2013’S DISASTERS PART 2: TYPHOONS.ppt». Размер zip-архива: 1967 КБ.

REMEMBERING SOME OF THE LESSONS FROM 2013’S DISASTERS PART 2: TYPHOONS

содержание презентации «REMEMBERING SOME OF THE LESSONS FROM 2013’S DISASTERS PART 2: TYPHOONS.ppt»
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1 REMEMBERING SOME OF THE LESSONS FROM 2013’S DISASTERS PART 2: TYPHOONS

REMEMBERING SOME OF THE LESSONS FROM 2013’S DISASTERS PART 2: TYPHOONS

Walter Hays, Global Alliance for Disaster Reduction, Vienna, Virginia, USA

2 SUPER TYPHOON HAIYAN DEVASTATES THE PHILIPPINES; NOVEMBER 8-10, 2013

SUPER TYPHOON HAIYAN DEVASTATES THE PHILIPPINES; NOVEMBER 8-10, 2013

3 HAIYAN REACHED THE PHILIPPINES: FRIDAY, NOV

HAIYAN REACHED THE PHILIPPINES: FRIDAY, NOV

8

4 LANDFALL ON FRIDAY MORNING, NOV

LANDFALL ON FRIDAY MORNING, NOV

8

5 CAUSES OF RISK

CAUSES OF RISK

WIND AND WATER PENETRATE BUILDING ENVELOPE

UPLIFT OF ROOF SYSTEM

FLYING DEBRIS PENETRATES WINDOWS

STORM SURGE

TYPHOONS

HEAVY PRECIPITATION

FLASH FLOODING (MUDFLOWS)

LANDSLIDES (MUDFLOWS)

CASE HISTORIES

6 ONCE AGAIN, 2013’S DISASTERS DEMONSTRATED THAT IT USUALLY TAKES

ONCE AGAIN, 2013’S DISASTERS DEMONSTRATED THAT IT USUALLY TAKES

MULTIPLE DISASTERS BEFORE THE STRICKEN NATION ADOPTS POLICIES TO BECOME DISASTER RESILIENT

MOST UNAFFECTED NATIONS USUALLY DON’T LEARN ANYTHING NEW AND DON’T CHANGE EXISTING POLICIES

7 A FLAWED PREMISE: ONE TYPHOON DISASTER ANYWHERE SHOULD BE ENOUGH TO

A FLAWED PREMISE: ONE TYPHOON DISASTER ANYWHERE SHOULD BE ENOUGH TO

MAKE ANY NATION SUSCEPTIBLE TO TYPHOONS ADOPT AND IMPLEMENT POLICIES THAT WILL LEAD TO THEIR OWN TYPHOON DISASTER RESILIENCE

8 EXAMPLE: THE PHILIPPINES

EXAMPLE: THE PHILIPPINES

9 THE PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES HAVE HAD MANY OPPORTUNITIES TO LEARN

THE PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES HAVE HAD MANY OPPORTUNITIES TO LEARN

VITAL LESSONS FROM PAST TYPHOONS OF ALL SIZES MAKING LANDFALL THERE

The Philippines has more than enough experience with typhoons for action.

10 A FLAWED PREMISE: BY NOW, THE PHILIPPINES SHOULD HAVE POLICIES IN

A FLAWED PREMISE: BY NOW, THE PHILIPPINES SHOULD HAVE POLICIES IN

PLACE FOR TYPHOON DISASTER RESILIENCE (i.e., A SUPER TYPHOON SHOULD NOT MAKE THAT MUCH DIFFERENCE WHEN THE POLICIES ARE RIGHT)

11 The people who know: 1) what to expect (e

The people who know: 1) what to expect (e

g., high-velocity winds, rain, flash floods, landslides, and storm surge), 2) where and when it will happen, and 3) what they should (and should not) do to prepare will survive.

LESSON: THE TIMING OF ANTICIPATORY ACTIONS IS VITAL

12 LESSON: TIMELY EARLY WARNING AND EVACUATION SAVES LIVES

LESSON: TIMELY EARLY WARNING AND EVACUATION SAVES LIVES

The people who have timely early warning in conjunction with a community evacuation plan that facilitates getting out of harm’s way from the risks associated with storm surge, high winds, flooding, and landslides will survive.

13 LESSON: EMERGENCY MEDICAL PREPAREDNESS SAVES LIVES

LESSON: EMERGENCY MEDICAL PREPAREDNESS SAVES LIVES

Damaged hospitals and medical facilities combined with lack of clean drinking water, food, and medicine, and high levels of morbidity and mortality will quickly overrun the local community’s capacity for emergency health care.

14 LESSON: WIND ENGINEERED BUILDINGS SAVE LIVES

LESSON: WIND ENGINEERED BUILDINGS SAVE LIVES

Buildings engineered to withstand the risks from a typhoon’s high velocity winds will maintain their function and protect occupants and users from death and injury.

15 LESSON: EMERGENCY RESPONSE SAVES LIVES

LESSON: EMERGENCY RESPONSE SAVES LIVES

The “Uncontrollable and Unthinkable” events will always hinder the timing of emergency response operations.

16 LESSON: THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY ALWAYS PROVIDES AID

LESSON: THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY ALWAYS PROVIDES AID

The International Community provides millions to billions of dollars in relief to most nations to help “pick up the pieces, ” but this strategy is not enough by itself to ensure disaster resilience.

17 HAIYAN: A SUPER TYPHOON

HAIYAN: A SUPER TYPHOON

18 RATED AS PROBABLY THE STRONGEST TYPHOON EVER TO STRIKE THE PHILIPPINES

RATED AS PROBABLY THE STRONGEST TYPHOON EVER TO STRIKE THE PHILIPPINES

19 HAIYAN MOVED TOWARDS VIETNAM AND CHINA: SAT

HAIYAN MOVED TOWARDS VIETNAM AND CHINA: SAT

, NOV 9

20 ADVANCE EVACUATIONS

ADVANCE EVACUATIONS

800,000 people were evacuated to emergency shelters.

21 AN EVACUATION CENTER

AN EVACUATION CENTER

22 FOUR HOURS OF FEAR AND DESTRUCTION

FOUR HOURS OF FEAR AND DESTRUCTION

Winds flattened hundreds of homes. Heavy rainfall triggered mudslides and flash flooding. A storm surge with waves of up to 10 m (30 feet) destroyed everything, sweeping people away and drowning thousands.

23 AN AERIAL VIEW

AN AERIAL VIEW

It was like a tsunami," Interior Secretary Manuel Roxas told Reuters. "From a helicopter, you can see the extent of devastation. From the shore and moving a kilometer inland, there are no structures standing.

24 DESTRUCTION EVERYWHERE

DESTRUCTION EVERYWHERE

25 TACLOBAN (ON LEYTE ISLAND) HIT THE HARDEST

TACLOBAN (ON LEYTE ISLAND) HIT THE HARDEST

26 SURVIVOR STORIES

SURVIVOR STORIES

Survivors of the storm described towering waves that swept away all but the most robust engineered structures.

27 STORM SURGE

STORM SURGE

28 DESTRUCTION EVERYWHERE

DESTRUCTION EVERYWHERE

29 DESTRUCTION EVERYWHERE

DESTRUCTION EVERYWHERE

30 DESTRUCTION EVERYWHERE

DESTRUCTION EVERYWHERE

31 DESTRUCTION AND DEATH EVERYWHERE

DESTRUCTION AND DEATH EVERYWHERE

32 DESTRUCTION EVERYWHERE

DESTRUCTION EVERYWHERE

33 TACLOBAN AIRPORT

TACLOBAN AIRPORT

34 INITIAL IMPACTS IN THE PHILIPPINES

INITIAL IMPACTS IN THE PHILIPPINES

Wide spread flooding, mudslides, and power outages Winds of 380 kph (290 mph) TACLOBAN hit very hard by the storm surge with many deaths Tacloban’s airport destroyed

35 INITIAL IMPACTS IN THE PHILIPPINES

INITIAL IMPACTS IN THE PHILIPPINES

Loss of communication An estimated 10,000 people dead Economic losses in the billions

36 SURVIVOR NEEDS

SURVIVOR NEEDS

Survivors are in desperate need of clean drinking water and food Survivors temporarily cut off from aid, and from their families in the Philippines as well as in other countries (e.g., 3 million in the USA)

37 USA MILITARY FORCES DISPATCHED TO ASSIST IN WHAT BECAME A HISTORIC

USA MILITARY FORCES DISPATCHED TO ASSIST IN WHAT BECAME A HISTORIC

RELIEF EFFORT

38 Search and Rescue and Relief Efforts Were Hampered by Landslides and

Search and Rescue and Relief Efforts Were Hampered by Landslides and

Damaged Road Systems

LESSON: All Kinds of Things Will go Wrong During the Emergency Response Period When the Uncontrollable and Unthinkable Happen.

39 TYPHOON DISASTER RESILIENCE POLICIES AND MEASURES NEEDED BY MANY

TYPHOON DISASTER RESILIENCE POLICIES AND MEASURES NEEDED BY MANY

NATIONS

Preparedness Adoption and Implementation of a Modern Wind Engineering Building Code Time,y Early Warning and Evacuation Timely Emergency Response (including Emergency Medical Services) Cost-Effective Recovery

40 WAYS TO ACCELERATE PROGRESS TOWARDS TYPHOON RESILIENCE

WAYS TO ACCELERATE PROGRESS TOWARDS TYPHOON RESILIENCE

EXPERIENCES WITH PREPAREDNESS

EXPERIENCES WITH MONITORING AND WARNING

INTEGRATE GLOBAL EXPERIENCES WITH YOUR EXPERIENCES

EXPERIENCES WITH DISASTER SCENARIO PLANNING

EXPERIENCES WITH RECOVERY AND RECONSTRUCTION

EXPERIENCES WITH PREVENTION, MITIGATION, AND ADAPTATION

41 THE CHALLENGE:

THE CHALLENGE:

POLICY CHANGES: CREATE, ADJUST, AND REALIGN PROGRAMS, PARTNERS AND PEOPLE UNTIL YOU HAVE CREATED THE KINDS OF TURNING POINTS NEEDED FOR MOVING TOWARDS TYPHOON RESILIENCE

42 DATA BASES AND INFORMATION

DATA BASES AND INFORMATION

COMMUNITIES

HAZARDS: GROUND SHAKING GROUND FAILURE SURFACE FAULTING TECTONIC DEFORMATION TSUNAMI RUN UP AFTERSHOCKS

43 CREATING TURNING POINTS FOR TYPHOON DISASTER RESILIENCE

CREATING TURNING POINTS FOR TYPHOON DISASTER RESILIENCE

USING EDUCATIONAL SURGES CONTAINING THE PAST AND PRESENT LESSONS TO FOSTER AND ACCELERATE THE CREATION OF TURNING POINTS

44 2014--2020 IS A GOOD TIME FOR A GLOBAL SURGE IN EDUCATIONAL, TECHNICAL

2014--2020 IS A GOOD TIME FOR A GLOBAL SURGE IN EDUCATIONAL, TECHNICAL

HEALTH CARE, AND POLITICAL CAPACITY BUILDING IN ALL FIVE PILLARS OF COMMUNITY DISASTER RESILIENCE

45 CREATING TURNING POINTS FOR TYPHOON DISASTER RESILIENCE

CREATING TURNING POINTS FOR TYPHOON DISASTER RESILIENCE

INTEGRATION OF SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL SOLUTIONS WITH POLITICAL SOLUTIONS FOR POLICIES ON PREPAREDNESS, PROTECTION, EARLY WARNING, EMERGENCY RESPONSE, AND RECOVERY

46 REMEMBERING SOME OF THE LESSONS FROM 2013’S DISASTERS PART 2: TYPHOONS
47 INTEGRATION OF TECHNICAL AND POLITICAL CONSIDERATIONS

INTEGRATION OF TECHNICAL AND POLITICAL CONSIDERATIONS

OPPORTUNITIES FOR TURNING POINTS: For Disaster Resilience on local, regional, national, and global scales

THE KNOWLEDGE BASE

APPLICATIONS

EDUCATIONAL SURGES

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