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RUSSIA
RUSSIA
Facts
Facts
Cont
Cont
Location
Location
Weather
Weather
(very) Brief History Summary
(very) Brief History Summary
History Summary, contd
History Summary, contd
MAJOR GEOGRAPHIC QUALITIES
MAJOR GEOGRAPHIC QUALITIES
SIZE, LOCATION AND SPACE RELATIONSHIPS
SIZE, LOCATION AND SPACE RELATIONSHIPS
REGIONS OF THE RUSSIAN REALM
REGIONS OF THE RUSSIAN REALM
RUSSIA
RUSSIA
Wild weather
Wild weather
Rivers
Rivers
Ethnicities
Ethnicities
EARLY 16TH CENTURY (IVAN THE TERRIBLE- 1547-1584)
EARLY 16TH CENTURY (IVAN THE TERRIBLE- 1547-1584)
END OF THE 17TH CENTURY (PETER THE GREAT- 1682-1725)
END OF THE 17TH CENTURY (PETER THE GREAT- 1682-1725)
EARLY 20TH CENTURY
EARLY 20TH CENTURY
FORWARD CAPITAL
FORWARD CAPITAL
RUSSIAN CLIMATE
RUSSIAN CLIMATE
CLIMATE
CLIMATE
VEGETATION
VEGETATION
Vegetation
Vegetation
CLIMATE AS A RESTRICTIVE ELEMENT
CLIMATE AS A RESTRICTIVE ELEMENT
RUSSIAS PHYSIOGRAPHIC REGIONS
RUSSIAS PHYSIOGRAPHIC REGIONS
PHYSIOGRAPHIC REGIONS
PHYSIOGRAPHIC REGIONS
PHYSIOGRAPHIC REGIONS (continued)
PHYSIOGRAPHIC REGIONS (continued)
RUSSIAN PLAIN
RUSSIAN PLAIN
THE URAL MOUNTAINS
THE URAL MOUNTAINS
WEST SIBERIAN PLAIN
WEST SIBERIAN PLAIN
CENTRAL SIBERIAN PLATEAU
CENTRAL SIBERIAN PLATEAU
EASTERN HIGHLANDS
EASTERN HIGHLANDS
CENTRAL ASIAN RANGES
CENTRAL ASIAN RANGES
CAUCASUS MOUNTAINS
CAUCASUS MOUNTAINS
RUSSIAN ETHNICITY
RUSSIAN ETHNICITY
RELIGIOUS GROUPS
RELIGIOUS GROUPS
FUEL RESOURCES
FUEL RESOURCES
TRANSPORTATION LINKS
TRANSPORTATION LINKS
TRANSPORTATION
TRANSPORTATION
MANUFACTURING REGIONS
MANUFACTURING REGIONS
RUSSIA
RUSSIA
RUSSIAS ECONOMIC/MANUFACTURING ZONES (RUSSIAN CORE)
RUSSIAS ECONOMIC/MANUFACTURING ZONES (RUSSIAN CORE)
ST PETERSBURG
ST PETERSBURG
RUSSIA
RUSSIA
RUSSIAS ECONOMIC/MANUFACTURING ZONES (EASTERN FRONTIER)
RUSSIAS ECONOMIC/MANUFACTURING ZONES (EASTERN FRONTIER)
VAST CHALLENGING UNTAPPED
VAST CHALLENGING UNTAPPED
SIBERIA
SIBERIA
FAR EAST
FAR EAST
RUSSIAN FAR EAST
RUSSIAN FAR EAST
RUSSIAS ECONOMIC/MANUFACTURING ZONES (FAR EAST)
RUSSIAS ECONOMIC/MANUFACTURING ZONES (FAR EAST)
OIL AND GAS REGIONS
OIL AND GAS REGIONS
TRANSCAUCASIA
TRANSCAUCASIA
CONTESTED AREAS
CONTESTED AREAS
RUSSIAS EXTERNAL CHALLENGES
RUSSIAS EXTERNAL CHALLENGES
RUSSIAS PROSPECTS
RUSSIAS PROSPECTS

: RUSSIA. : . : RUSSIA.ppt. zip-: 9811 .

RUSSIA

RUSSIA.ppt
1 RUSSIA

RUSSIA

First Lecture Geography of Russia Mr. Howard 5th Block Russian History

2 Facts

Facts

With a land area of 6.5 million sq. miles, Russia is the largest country in the world Population estimates 148 million people Russia is one of the most sparsely populated countries in the world The population is predominantly urban Russia is so large, that the climate varies greatly throughout the country Russia has 11 time zones

3 Cont

Cont

At its largest (1970-1991) Russia encompassed 8,600,870 square miles the equivalent to 3 times the U.S. It is larger than all of North America and South America 26,700 miles of coastline 4x that of the US

4 Location

Location

Russia is bounded by the Arctic and Pacific Oceans Ural mountains divide Eurasian continent and Russia - to Europe and Asia (78% live west of Urals) Boundaries with 13 countries

5 Weather

Weather

Central Russia has a continental climate Summers are hot and short, while the winters are cold and long. A Russian winter is famous for its frigid temperatures. Much of Russia is covered by snow six months of year. It has to be lived through to be really appreciated. ? Winter starts in October and continues through March (November-January are the darkest months) - Interesting fact: Russias most southern port, Novorossiysk is on the same latitude as Minneapolis.

6 (very) Brief History Summary

(very) Brief History Summary

862 founding of Kievan Rus by Viking Rurik, the birth of what became the Russian state Mid-13th century Mongol Horde invasion 1480 Moscow liberated from Tatar (Mongol) yoke 1613 Rurik dynasty ended, Romanov dynasty begins (ends 1917) 1812 Napoleon failed in his attempt to conquer Russia (after occupying Moscow)

7 History Summary, contd

History Summary, contd

October 1917 Bolsheviks seized control (led by Lenin) 1922 USSR established 1941-1945 WWII (Great Patriotic War), Russia loses 1/6 of its population (~ 30 mln) Stalins purges an additional 20 to 40 mln 1985 Gorbachev introduced political and economical reforms 1991 USSR is formally dissolved, Yeltsin became the new president; CIS is formed 2000 Putin is elected president of Russia

8 MAJOR GEOGRAPHIC QUALITIES

MAJOR GEOGRAPHIC QUALITIES

IMMENSE TERRITORIAL STATE NORTHERNMOST LARGE AND POPULOUS COUNTRY IN THE WORLD A FORMER WORLD COLONIAL POWER A COMPARITIVELY SMALL (<150 MILLION) AND CONCENTRATED POPULATION CONCENTRATED DEVELOPMENT MULTICULTURAL STATE MINIMAL PORTS

9 SIZE, LOCATION AND SPACE RELATIONSHIPS

SIZE, LOCATION AND SPACE RELATIONSHIPS

LATITUDINAL EXTENT Northernmost point: Rudolf Island in Franz Joseph Land (82o) Southernmost point: Grozny in west and Vladivostok in east (44o) Monmouth is 44.7727oN LONGITUDINAL EXTENT More than twice its maximum north-south extent and extends through 11 time zones Russia makes up 76.6% of the total territory of the former USSR

10 REGIONS OF THE RUSSIAN REALM

REGIONS OF THE RUSSIAN REALM

11 RUSSIA
12 Wild weather

Wild weather

Lack of mountains gives zero protection from cold. WINTERS Yakutsk 94 degrees below zero Moscow 35 degrees below zero SUMMERS Yakutsk 102 degrees Moscow 99 degrees

13 Rivers

Rivers

200,000 miles of rivers You can get from St. Petersburg to Vladivostok with nothing more than a canoe Volga, Dvina, Dnieper & Ural Ob, Yenisey, Irtysh, Amur

14 Ethnicities

Ethnicities

Slavic Great Russians and original inhabitants Baltic, Scandinavian, Finno-Urgic, Turkic, Mongols, Iranian Russia is the most ethnically diverse country on the planet

15 EARLY 16TH CENTURY (IVAN THE TERRIBLE- 1547-1584)

EARLY 16TH CENTURY (IVAN THE TERRIBLE- 1547-1584)

16 END OF THE 17TH CENTURY (PETER THE GREAT- 1682-1725)

END OF THE 17TH CENTURY (PETER THE GREAT- 1682-1725)

17 EARLY 20TH CENTURY

EARLY 20TH CENTURY

18 FORWARD CAPITAL

FORWARD CAPITAL

Capital city positioned in actually or potentially contested territory, usually near an international border, confirms the states determination to maintain its presence in the region

19 RUSSIAN CLIMATE

RUSSIAN CLIMATE

Affected by 3 natural conditions: -- Latitudinal Position -- Continental Position -- Location of major mountains

20 CLIMATE

CLIMATE

21 VEGETATION

VEGETATION

22 Vegetation

Vegetation

.. terms

Tundra Treeless plain along the Arctic Moss, lichen, grass Taiga Coniferous forests south of the Tundra, extending over Siberia (sleeping land) Steppe Like our Prairie semi-arid grasslands with short grasses that are found in dry areas that have hot summers and cold winters

23 CLIMATE AS A RESTRICTIVE ELEMENT

CLIMATE AS A RESTRICTIVE ELEMENT

AGRICULTURE Short growing seasons Drought prone Erosion (accelerated via snow melt) SETTLEMENT PATTERNS & TRANSPORTATION INDUSTRY High energy consumption Specialized equipment and facilities Extractive permafrost spring and fall mud special equipment and facilities - $$$

24 RUSSIAS PHYSIOGRAPHIC REGIONS

RUSSIAS PHYSIOGRAPHIC REGIONS

25 PHYSIOGRAPHIC REGIONS

PHYSIOGRAPHIC REGIONS

RUSSIAN PLAIN EASTWARD CONTINUATION OF NORTH EUROPEAN LOWLAND CORE AREA (MOSCOW BASIN) URAL MOUNTAINS 2,000 MILES LONG (NORTH-SOUTH) YIELD A VARIETY OF MINERALS WEST SIBERIAN PLAIN WORLDS LARGEST UNBROKEN LOWLANDS PERMAFROST

26 PHYSIOGRAPHIC REGIONS (continued)

PHYSIOGRAPHIC REGIONS (continued)

CENTRAL SIBERIAN PLATEAU SPARSELY POPULATED, TEMPERATURE EXTREMES, PERMAFROST YAKUTSK BASIN MOUNTAINOUS, HIGH RELIEF EASTERN HIGHLANDS RANGES, RIDGES, PRECIPITOUS VALLEYS, VOLCANIC MOUNTAINS, LAKE BAYKAL CENTRAL ASIAN RANGES RISE ABOVE THE SNOW LINE, GLACIATED CAUCASUS MOUNTAINS EXTENSIONS OF THE ALPINES

27 RUSSIAN PLAIN

RUSSIAN PLAIN

28 THE URAL MOUNTAINS

THE URAL MOUNTAINS

The north-south length covers 2500 kms. The highest points are in the Northern Urals-2000 meters in places. The Central Urals are the lowest section and include several key crossing places. The Southern Urals are wider and consist of a number of parallel north-south ridges and intervening valleys. Ural forests and minerals have been the basis for industrialization and boast at least twenty different commercially usable minerals.

29 WEST SIBERIAN PLAIN

WEST SIBERIAN PLAIN

The worlds largest unbroken lowland Includes the Ob and Irtysh River Basin Permafrost Major Cities: Omsk Novosibirsk

30 CENTRAL SIBERIAN PLATEAU

CENTRAL SIBERIAN PLATEAU

Sparsely settled Inaccessible Restrictive climate Permafrost Natural resources

31 EASTERN HIGHLANDS

EASTERN HIGHLANDS

32 CENTRAL ASIAN RANGES

CENTRAL ASIAN RANGES

33 CAUCASUS MOUNTAINS

CAUCASUS MOUNTAINS

34 RUSSIAN ETHNICITY

RUSSIAN ETHNICITY

35 RELIGIOUS GROUPS

RELIGIOUS GROUPS

5%

10%

7%

5%

18%

55%

36 FUEL RESOURCES

FUEL RESOURCES

37 TRANSPORTATION LINKS

TRANSPORTATION LINKS

38 TRANSPORTATION

TRANSPORTATION

Rail Trans-Siberian Railroad (Baltic to Pacific) Baikal-Amur Line BAM railway line links central Siberian Russia with the Pacific. The BAM parallels the Trans-Siberian Railway but passes north rather than south of Lake Baikal. It is 1,928 miles (3,102 km) long, with 1,987 bridges. Its eastern terminus is Sovetskaya Gavan on the Tatar Strait. Inland Waterways Under-used, problematic flow and orientation Marine Links Baltic, Black, and Caspian Far East and Northern Sea

39 MANUFACTURING REGIONS

MANUFACTURING REGIONS

40 RUSSIA
41 RUSSIAS ECONOMIC/MANUFACTURING ZONES (RUSSIAN CORE)

RUSSIAS ECONOMIC/MANUFACTURING ZONES (RUSSIAN CORE)

42 ST PETERSBURG

ST PETERSBURG

MOSCOW

43 RUSSIA
44 RUSSIAS ECONOMIC/MANUFACTURING ZONES (EASTERN FRONTIER)

RUSSIAS ECONOMIC/MANUFACTURING ZONES (EASTERN FRONTIER)

45 VAST CHALLENGING UNTAPPED

VAST CHALLENGING UNTAPPED

46 SIBERIA

SIBERIA

LARGER THAN THE CONTINENTAL US, BUT...LESS THAN 15 MILLION PEOPLE CHALLENGING ENVIRONMENT VAST DISTANCES COLD TEMPERATURES ARCTIC WINDS POOR SOILS RESOURCE POTENTIAL PRECIOUS MINERALS METALLIC ORES OIL AND NATURAL GAS TIMBER

47 FAR EAST

FAR EAST

48 RUSSIAN FAR EAST

RUSSIAN FAR EAST

TRANSPORTATION LINKS

49 RUSSIAS ECONOMIC/MANUFACTURING ZONES (FAR EAST)

RUSSIAS ECONOMIC/MANUFACTURING ZONES (FAR EAST)

50 OIL AND GAS REGIONS

OIL AND GAS REGIONS

51 TRANSCAUCASIA

TRANSCAUCASIA

52 CONTESTED AREAS

CONTESTED AREAS

53 RUSSIAS EXTERNAL CHALLENGES

RUSSIAS EXTERNAL CHALLENGES

NATURAL RESOURCE DISTRIBUTION Many natural resources now in former Soviet republics IRREDENTISM Concern for Russians outside its borders NATIONAL PRIDE Determination to remain the champion of Slavic interests Desire to remain a power in international community CENTRIFUGAL FORCES Separatist aims in the Caucasian periphery

54 RUSSIAS PROSPECTS

RUSSIAS PROSPECTS

ECONOMIC INDUSTRIAL RESOURCES TRANSPORTATION INFRASTRUCTURE MANUFACTURING CAPACITY POLITICAL INTERNAL & EXTERNAL CHALLENGES

RUSSIA
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