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Russia and the Republics
Russia and the Republics
How do new nations establish democracy
How do new nations establish democracy
Russia and the Republics
Russia and the Republics
The troubled Caucasus
The troubled Caucasus
Russia and the Republics
Russia and the Republics
Chechnya
Chechnya
Georgia
Georgia
Russia and the Republics
Russia and the Republics
Russia and the Republics
Russia and the Republics
Armenia and Azerbaijan
Armenia and Azerbaijan
What is going on now
What is going on now
Economic Reform
Economic Reform
1998 Economic Collapse
1998 Economic Collapse
Obstacles to Economic Reform
Obstacles to Economic Reform
Russia and the Republics
Russia and the Republics
More obstacles:
More obstacles:
Russia and the Republics
Russia and the Republics

Презентация на тему: «Russia and the Republics». Автор: Northwest ISD. Файл: «Russia and the Republics.ppt». Размер zip-архива: 2353 КБ.

Russia and the Republics

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1 Russia and the Republics

Russia and the Republics

Chapter 17 Today’s Issues

2 How do new nations establish democracy

How do new nations establish democracy

After the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991, many of the Republics had, and are still having, trouble adjusting to no central government rule. Ethnic and religious groups have taken advantage of this lack of authority to try and form their own countries.

3 Russia and the Republics
4 The troubled Caucasus

The troubled Caucasus

Many different ethnic groups and religions cause conflict over what kind of government for a new country. Biggest influence in region is Islam.

5 Russia and the Republics
6 Chechnya

Chechnya

Chechnya Timeline Why is there war in Chechnya? What are some possible resolutions to end this war?

7 Georgia

Georgia

Regional ethnic distribution is a major cause of the problems Georgia faces along its borders and within its territory. Under Soviet rule, a large part of Georgian territory was divided into autonomous regions that included concentrations of non-Georgian peoples. Russians, who make up the third largest ethnic group in the country (6.7 percent of the total population in 1989), do not constitute a majority in any district. The highest concentration of Russians is in Abkhazia

8 Russia and the Republics
9 Russia and the Republics
10 Armenia and Azerbaijan

Armenia and Azerbaijan

Biggest conflict is over the Nagorno-Karabakh mountain area. They did not fight under Soviet rule, but after the collapse a civil war broke out. Armenia won but over 10,000 people died and more than a million became refugees.

11 What is going on now

What is going on now

Chechnya

12 Economic Reform

Economic Reform

Steps toward Capitalism Privatization: In January 1992, Russia removed price controls. Prices shot up over 250%. Govt. began selling businesses to people and companies on vouchers, but many businesses were not successful and could not pay back the money. This led to an economic collapse in 1998.

13 1998 Economic Collapse

1998 Economic Collapse

Following the complete collapse of the Russian economy in 1998, the number of people living below the official poverty line--in Russia, a measure of truly desperate conditions--rose to nearly 40%. Seniors in urban areas--with no access to jobs or land--were the hardest hit. Unlike those in rural areas, who could subsist on homegrown food, they had nowhere to turn. As in Soviet times, Russians were waiting in lines, hunting for scarce goods, and hoarding what they could find. The devastation of Russian life was by all measurements worse than America's Crash of 1929. U.S. unemployment at the end of 1929 reached 1.5 million, representing 1.2% of the total population, but more than 11.3 million Russians were jobless at the end of 1998--7.7% of the nation's total population. In the 1929 crash, stock prices fell 17% by year-end--and 90% by the depth of the Great Depression, four years later. By contrast, the Russian stock market lost 90% of its value in 1998 alone. Millions of ordinary men and women who had deposited their money in Russian banks lost everything

14 Obstacles to Economic Reform

Obstacles to Economic Reform

Distance Decay: long distances between places makes communication and transportation difficult. 89 different governments spread over 11 time zones. Regional cooperation is key because of the lack of central government. Putin created seven large Federal Districts in 2000 to gain more control over districts.

15 Russia and the Republics
16 More obstacles:

More obstacles:

Organized crime: Russian mafia grew rapidly during the 1990s. Slowed economic reform by rewarding criminal activity over legitimate ones. Movie: “ Eastern Promises” Russian Mob

17 Russia and the Republics
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