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Seven wonders of the world
Seven wonders of the world
Pyramid of Cheops
Pyramid of Cheops
It is expected that the construction going on for twenty years, ended
It is expected that the construction going on for twenty years, ended
Hanging Gardens of Babylon
Hanging Gardens of Babylon
Statue of Zeus at Olympia
Statue of Zeus at Olympia
Temple of Artemis
Temple of Artemis
Construction of the Temple of Artemis
Construction of the Temple of Artemis
Mausoleum of Halicarnassus
Mausoleum of Halicarnassus
Colossus of Rhodes
Colossus of Rhodes
lighthouse of Alexandria
lighthouse of Alexandria
Worked on a presentation: 1) Kekule Nicholas 2) Vitaly Yakovenko
Worked on a presentation: 1) Kekule Nicholas 2) Vitaly Yakovenko

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Seven wonders of the world

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1 Seven wonders of the world

Seven wonders of the world

2 Pyramid of Cheops

Pyramid of Cheops

Pyramid of Cheops (Khufu), the Great Pyramid of Giza - the largest of the pyramids of Egypt, the only one of the "Seven Wonders of the World", extant. The Pyramid of Cheops is included in the complex the largest Egyptian pyramid located at Giza. This - Pyramid of Cheops (Khufu), Chephren (Khafre) and Mycerinus (Menkaure). The architect of the Great Pyramid is considered Hemiun, vizier and nephew of Cheops. He also held the title of "Managing all construction projects of Pharaoh." More than three thousand years (before the construction of the cathedral in Lincoln, England, around 1300) the pyramid is the tallest building in the world.

3 It is expected that the construction going on for twenty years, ended

It is expected that the construction going on for twenty years, ended

around 2540 BC. e. Existing methods of dating the start of construction of the pyramid divided into historical, astronomical and radiocarbon. In Egypt, officially established and celebrated the date of commencement of construction of the pyramid of Cheops - August 23, 2480 BC. e. This data was obtained using the method of astronomical Kate Spence (University of Cambridge). But do not assume that date true historical event, as its method and obtained by this date have been criticized many Egyptologists. There are three other dating method give different dates - Steve Hakala (University of Nebraska) in 2720 BC. e., Juana Antonio Belmonte (University Astrophysics in Canaris) 2577 BC. e. and Pollux (Bauman University) in 2708 BC. e. Radiocarbon method gives a range from 2680 BC. e. to 2,850 BC. e. Therefore the establishment of the "birthday" of the pyramid there is no serious evidence, as Egyptologists can not come together in exactly which construction began.

4 Hanging Gardens of Babylon

Hanging Gardens of Babylon

Hanging Gardens of Babylon - one of the Seven Wonders of the World. A more correct name for this structure - the Hanging Gardens Amitis (according to other sources - Amanis): it was the name of the wife of the Babylonian King Nebuchadnezzar II, for which the gardens were created. Presumably located in the ancient state of Babylon, near the modern city of Hilla. According to an alternative version based on the re-deciphering cuneiform tablets could be in Nineveh, the capital of the kingdom of Assyria, and were built at the beginning of VII century BC

5 Statue of Zeus at Olympia

Statue of Zeus at Olympia

Statue of Olympian Zeus - the only one of the Seven Wonders of the World, which are located in mainland Europe. Statue of Zeus at Olympia - the second miracle of the ancient world. Was built in the V century BC. Marble Zeus surpassed in size all existing at the time the temples. Massive roof of a building of size 27 by 64 m supported 34 columns made ??of limestone. Each column has a height of approximately 10.6 meters. In the marble pediments of the temple depicted the exploits of Zeus. Erected a statue of Zeus Phidias.

6 Temple of Artemis

Temple of Artemis

Temple of Artemis at Ephesus - one of the seven wonders of the ancient world, was in the Greek city of Ephesus on the coast of Asia Minor (now a city in the south of Selcuk Izmir Province, Turkey). The first major temple was built in the middle of the VI century BC. e., Gyrostat burned in 356 BC. e., soon restored in the reconstructed shape, in the III century plundered by the Goths. In the IV century Christians closed in connection with the prohibition of pagan cults and destroyed. Built on the site of his church was also destroyed.

7 Construction of the Temple of Artemis

Construction of the Temple of Artemis

According to legend, Artemis was the twin sister of Apollo. According to the beliefs of the ancient Greeks, Artemis took care of everything that lives and grows on the ground in the woods and on the field. She took care of wild animals, herds of cattle, it triggers the growth of grasses, flowers and trees. Do not leave without attention Artemis and people - she gave happiness in marriage and blessed the birth of children. Greek women have traditionally sacrificed to Artemis - Protecting procreation. The cult of Artemis at Ephesus was built to the days of mythical Androcles. In the archaic period to the future site of the famous temple existed successively three sanctuaries: VIII century BC. e. middle of VII century BC. e. a small temple with two columns at the entrance 16 x 31 m.

8 Mausoleum of Halicarnassus

Mausoleum of Halicarnassus

Mausoleum of Halicarnassus - tombstone Carian ruler Mausolus, erected in the middle of IV century BC. e. on the orders of his wife Artemisia III of Halicarnassus, modern Bodrum, Turkey), one of the ancient wonders of the world.

9 Colossus of Rhodes

Colossus of Rhodes

Colossus of Rhodes - a giant statue of the Greek sun god Helios, which stood in the port city of Rhodes is located on the same island in the Aegean Sea in Greece.

10 lighthouse of Alexandria

lighthouse of Alexandria

Lighthouse of Alexandria (Pharos Lighthouse) - lighthouse built in the III century BC on the island of Pharos near the Egyptian city of Alexandria, one of the 7 wonders of the world. The lighthouse was built for ships could safely pass the reefs on the way to Alexandria Bay. At night, they are helped in this reflection of the flames, and in the afternoon - a pillar of smoke. Lighthouse stood for nearly a thousand years, but in 796 AD. e. was severely damaged by the earthquake. Subsequently, the Arabs came to Egypt were trying to restore it, and to the XIV century. the height of the lighthouse was about 30 m. At the end of the XV century. Sultan Kite Bay lighthouse erected on the site of a fortress, which stands today.

11 Worked on a presentation: 1) Kekule Nicholas 2) Vitaly Yakovenko

Worked on a presentation: 1) Kekule Nicholas 2) Vitaly Yakovenko

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