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Simple Present vs
Simple Present vs
Grammar has meaning
Grammar has meaning
Use the simple present for: 1) action that happens repeatedly
Use the simple present for: 1) action that happens repeatedly
Simple Present (Examples) 1) Habitual Action: Tom goes fishing every
Simple Present (Examples) 1) Habitual Action: Tom goes fishing every
Simple Present (More Examples) 2) General or Permanent Situations: My
Simple Present (More Examples) 2) General or Permanent Situations: My
Present Continuous (Examples) 1) Action happening now or close to time
Present Continuous (Examples) 1) Action happening now or close to time
Present Continuous
Present Continuous
Grammar Structure: Here are some reminders about how to make the
Grammar Structure: Here are some reminders about how to make the
Simple Present:
Simple Present:
But for 3rd person singular, we say
But for 3rd person singular, we say
Remember the forms of verb BE for the simple present tense: I AM He,
Remember the forms of verb BE for the simple present tense: I AM He,
For all verbs (EXCEPT be), use:
For all verbs (EXCEPT be), use:
1) Sara works on Sunday
1) Sara works on Sunday
VERB BE (Negative) For this verb ONLY, never use doesn’t or don’t
VERB BE (Negative) For this verb ONLY, never use doesn’t or don’t
Present Continuous:
Present Continuous:
Examples: Everyone is studying hard
Examples: Everyone is studying hard
Present Continuous (Negative) For this tense, simply ADD the word NOT
Present Continuous (Negative) For this tense, simply ADD the word NOT
Important Note about Present Continuous
Important Note about Present Continuous
Examples: I like Rome
Examples: I like Rome
Practice
Practice
Answers
Answers
For more practice
For more practice
And
And

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Simple Present vs

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1 Simple Present vs

Simple Present vs

Present Continuous

When do we use each tense?

2 Grammar has meaning

Grammar has meaning

Different grammar tenses are used in different situations or contexts and they carry different meanings. For example . . .

Remember:

3 Use the simple present for: 1) action that happens repeatedly

Use the simple present for: 1) action that happens repeatedly

(habitual action) 2) general or permanent situations 3) facts

Use the present continuous for: Something that is happening now or close to the time of speaking 2) A temporary situation

Examples . . .

4 Simple Present (Examples) 1) Habitual Action: Tom goes fishing every

Simple Present (Examples) 1) Habitual Action: Tom goes fishing every

week. I usually work until 2:00 p.m. My family comes to visit me every year. *Frequency adverbs: these adverbs are commonly used with simple present: Always, never, usually, rarely, sometimes, often, etc.

5 Simple Present (More Examples) 2) General or Permanent Situations: My

Simple Present (More Examples) 2) General or Permanent Situations: My

family lives far away. Jack doesn’t work on Saturday. Beth and Toan work at ECC. 3) Facts: The Earth is round. Water boils at 100 degrees Celsius. The Eiffel Tower is in Paris.

6 Present Continuous (Examples) 1) Action happening now or close to time

Present Continuous (Examples) 1) Action happening now or close to time

of speaking: Where’s Tom? He’s playing soccer. Don’t bother the kids. They are doing their homework. 2) Temporary situations: Martha and her husband are traveling around Europe for two weeks. Lisa is living with friends until she finds an apartment.

7 Present Continuous

Present Continuous

. . We often use the present continuous (and not simple present) when action continues over a period of time. this week, this semester, this year I’m working 50 hours this week. She’s taking an Italian class this semester. This year, I’m trying to cut back on junk food.

8 Grammar Structure: Here are some reminders about how to make the

Grammar Structure: Here are some reminders about how to make the

simple present and present continuous:

9 Simple Present:

Simple Present:

The most important thing to remember about this tense is . . . 3rd person singular (he, she, it) We say: I You We They

work

10 But for 3rd person singular, we say

But for 3rd person singular, we say

. . He She It

Simple Present:

work

s

11 Remember the forms of verb BE for the simple present tense: I AM He,

Remember the forms of verb BE for the simple present tense: I AM He,

She, It IS They, We, You ARE

The verb BE

12 For all verbs (EXCEPT be), use:

For all verbs (EXCEPT be), use:

Simple Present (Negative)

doesn't

simple form of VERB

+

don't

Examples . . .

13 1) Sara works on Sunday

1) Sara works on Sunday

Sara doesn’t work on Sunday. 2) They have a big house. They don’t have a big house. 3) Sam takes classes at night. Sam doesn’t take classes at night. 4) I have a lot of free time. I don’t have a lot of free time.

14 VERB BE (Negative) For this verb ONLY, never use doesn’t or don’t

VERB BE (Negative) For this verb ONLY, never use doesn’t or don’t

Simple ADD the word NOT after the verb. I am tired. I am NOT tired. She is rich. She is NOT rich. They are here. They are NOT here.

15 Present Continuous:

Present Continuous:

Don’t forget that VERB BE is part of this structure. I AM You, We, They ARE He, She, It IS

verb -ING

+

16 Examples: Everyone is studying hard

Examples: Everyone is studying hard

They are celebrating their 40th anniversary today. I am cleaning my house this week.

17 Present Continuous (Negative) For this tense, simply ADD the word NOT

Present Continuous (Negative) For this tense, simply ADD the word NOT

after the verb BE. They are working today. They are NOT working today. She is taking a Math class. She is NOT taking a Math class.

18 Important Note about Present Continuous

Important Note about Present Continuous

Some verbs are NOT typically used in the present continuous tense. Instead, we prefer to use these verbs in the simple present. These verbs are called STATIVE (or non-action) verbs. Here are some examples: want like love hate know need see hear believe understand have (possession) forget remember belong

19 Examples: I like Rome

Examples: I like Rome

NOT: I am liking Rome. She has a big house. NOT: She is having a big house. I prefer to have coffee. NOT: I am preferring to have coffee.

_____________

_____________

_____________

20 Practice

Practice

Do these exercises with your class. Choose the simple present or present continuous and discuss why each is correct. 1. On Tuesdays, I ________ (go) to the gym. 2. Karen ________ (paint) her apartment this week. 3. This room __________ (be) very large. 4. He _________ (have) a headache right now. 5. It ________ (rain) really hard right now. 6. Where is John? He _______ (work). 7. I ________ (meet) my friend in a few minutes. 8. My family ________ (come) to San Diego often.

21 Answers

Answers

1. On Tuesdays, I go to the gym. 2. Karen is painting her apartment this week. 3. This room is very large. (fact) 4. He has a headache right now. (stative) 5. It is raining really hard right now. 6. Where is John? He is working. (right now) 7. I am meeting my friend in a few minutes. 8. My family comes to San Diego often.

22 For more practice

For more practice

. . 1) Go to our class website: www.ecc6.blogspot.com 2) On the right side, click on Grammar Site. Then click on 330. 3) Click on Grammar, and then go down the page to Verbs. Click on the Simple Present or Present Continuous? for explanation and practice.

23 And

And

. . Remember to ask your teacher or another classmate if you need help. Your teacher can give you more explanation, examples, and exercises if you need them.

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