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Situation of Children and Women in India
Situation of Children and Women in India
India - 2001
India - 2001
India : The scale of things
India : The scale of things
India in the developing world
India in the developing world
Infant Mortality Rate, 2002
Infant Mortality Rate, 2002
IMR among Indian States: 2002
IMR among Indian States: 2002
… and within the states
… and within the states
Low Birth Weight
Low Birth Weight
Indicators of vulnerability
Indicators of vulnerability
Disparities in school attendance
Disparities in school attendance
Gender Bias - Sex Ratio
Gender Bias - Sex Ratio
Birth registration
Birth registration
Disparities - Rural/Urban
Disparities - Rural/Urban
Child Labour
Child Labour
Inter-state female literacy differentials: India 2001
Inter-state female literacy differentials: India 2001
States implementing Juvenile Justice Act 2000
States implementing Juvenile Justice Act 2000
Early marriage
Early marriage
PROGRESS
PROGRESS
PROGRESS
PROGRESS
PROGRESS
PROGRESS
PROGRESS - TOO SLOW
PROGRESS - TOO SLOW
Slow progress in
Slow progress in
But better progress in
But better progress in
Expenditure - Social Sectors
Expenditure - Social Sectors
Reduction in poverty (Millions)
Reduction in poverty (Millions)
The right to survive : Global top child killers
The right to survive : Global top child killers
India’s Annual Growth Rate (%)
India’s Annual Growth Rate (%)
External Assistance as % of GDP
External Assistance as % of GDP
Distribution of Infant Deaths
Distribution of Infant Deaths
Underlying factors: malnutrition, hygiene, care practices
Underlying factors: malnutrition, hygiene, care practices
Vaccination Coverage % of children fully immunised
Vaccination Coverage % of children fully immunised
% Children not Received Any Vaccine by Selected Characteristics
% Children not Received Any Vaccine by Selected Characteristics
Underweight Among Children, 2002 (2,23,084 children were covered)
Underweight Among Children, 2002 (2,23,084 children were covered)
Underweight Among Children by State
Underweight Among Children by State
Anaemia Among Pregnant Women by State
Anaemia Among Pregnant Women by State
HIV/AIDS: A threat to survival, growth and development
HIV/AIDS: A threat to survival, growth and development
Anaemia Among Adolescent Girls (1,71,645 girls aged 10 - 19 years)
Anaemia Among Adolescent Girls (1,71,645 girls aged 10 - 19 years)
Key Points
Key Points
Key Points (contd
Key Points (contd

Презентация: «Situation of Children and Women in India». Автор: shyamC. Файл: «Situation of Children and Women in India.ppt». Размер zip-архива: 3561 КБ.

Situation of Children and Women in India

содержание презентации «Situation of Children and Women in India.ppt»
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1 Situation of Children and Women in India

Situation of Children and Women in India

Dr KANUPRIYA CHATURVEDI Dr S.K CHATURVEDI

1

2 India - 2001

India - 2001

Population 1027 million Children 0-14 350 million (34%) Children 0-6 158 million (15%)

2

Source: Census, 2001

3 India : The scale of things

India : The scale of things

..

Population: 1,027 million Children 0-18: 380 million (37%)

Many states have child populations similar to large countries

3

4 India in the developing world

India in the developing world

..

4

5 Infant Mortality Rate, 2002

Infant Mortality Rate, 2002

Maternal Mortality Ratio, 1998

India - 64

India - 540

5

Source: SRS October, 2003

Source: NFHS, 1998, SRS, 1998

6 IMR among Indian States: 2002

IMR among Indian States: 2002

There is an 77 point difference between Orissa (87 per 1,000) and Kerala (10 per 1,000)

6

Source: SRS October, 2003

7 … and within the states

… and within the states

Infant Mortality Rate

7

Source: Census, 1991

8 Low Birth Weight

Low Birth Weight

Malnutrition

India : 47% (children moderately to severely underweight)

India : 22%

8

Source: MICS, 2000

Source: NFHS, 1998

9 Indicators of vulnerability

Indicators of vulnerability

9

10 Disparities in school attendance

Disparities in school attendance

Children age 5-14 years currently attending school

10

11 Gender Bias - Sex Ratio

Gender Bias - Sex Ratio

Declining Child Sex Ratio

Total

0-6 Years

1991 : 927 2001 : 933

1991 : 945 2001 : 927

11

Source: Census

12 Birth registration

Birth registration

Only 35% births are registered

12

13 Disparities - Rural/Urban

Disparities - Rural/Urban

13

14 Child Labour

Child Labour

5% of children aged 5 -14 years in India work as child labourers working for someone else

14

15 Inter-state female literacy differentials: India 2001

Inter-state female literacy differentials: India 2001

15

16 States implementing Juvenile Justice Act 2000

States implementing Juvenile Justice Act 2000

16

17 Early marriage

Early marriage

65% of girls in India are married by the age of 18

33% are married by the time they are 15 years of age Another 31% are married between 15 to 18 years of age

17

18 PROGRESS

PROGRESS

Reduction in poverty (Millions)

Urban

18

Population (Millions)

19 PROGRESS

PROGRESS

Increase in Literacy

19

20 PROGRESS

PROGRESS

Decline in IMR

[Rural 69; Urban 40; Total 64]

Urban

Rural

20

21 PROGRESS - TOO SLOW

PROGRESS - TOO SLOW

Infant Mortality Rate, 1971-2007

21

22 Slow progress in

Slow progress in

..

… reducing infant mortality

22

Deaths per 1,000 live births

23 But better progress in

But better progress in

..

… basic education ...

… and access to drinking water

School attendance rates (6-14 years) rose from 68% in 92-93 to 79% in 98-99

Households using improved drinking water sources: 83%

23

Protected sources of drinking water : Handpump & Piped water

24 Expenditure - Social Sectors

Expenditure - Social Sectors

Government Expenditures as % of aggregate expenditure

24

25 Reduction in poverty (Millions)

Reduction in poverty (Millions)

Decline in IMR

Increase in Literacy

The polio campaign has had a dramatic impact ...

[Rural 69; Urban 40; Total 64]

548

683

846

1027

Urban

Rural

25

Source: Economic Survey

Population (Millions)

Source: SRS October, 2003

Source: Census, 1991 & 2001

Source: SEAR Polio Bulletin, WHO

26 The right to survive : Global top child killers

The right to survive : Global top child killers

CDN

Health

Child Environ

17%

26

Source: WHO, 1997

27 India’s Annual Growth Rate (%)

India’s Annual Growth Rate (%)

27

28 External Assistance as % of GDP

External Assistance as % of GDP

28

29 Distribution of Infant Deaths

Distribution of Infant Deaths

62 % infant deaths occur within one month of birth

29

Source: Sample Registration System

30 Underlying factors: malnutrition, hygiene, care practices

Underlying factors: malnutrition, hygiene, care practices

47% of children aged under three are malnourished. At the current rate of 1% reduction per year, there will still be 29 million malnourished children in 2015.

35% of households use a toilet. On current trends, only 75% of households will have toilets by 2025

30

31 Vaccination Coverage % of children fully immunised

Vaccination Coverage % of children fully immunised

TN (95%)

AP (63%)

Gujarat (57%)

INDIA (48%)

MP (33%)

UP (29%)

Bihar (22%)

31

Sources: CES, NFHS, MICS and RCH2

32 % Children not Received Any Vaccine by Selected Characteristics

% Children not Received Any Vaccine by Selected Characteristics

Standard of living

Residence

Education

32

Source: RCH Survey, 2002

33 Underweight Among Children, 2002 (2,23,084 children were covered)

Underweight Among Children, 2002 (2,23,084 children were covered)

33

Source: RCH Survey, 2002

34 Underweight Among Children by State

Underweight Among Children by State

34

Source: RCH Survey, 2002

35 Anaemia Among Pregnant Women by State

Anaemia Among Pregnant Women by State

35

Source: RCH Survey, 2002

36 HIV/AIDS: A threat to survival, growth and development

HIV/AIDS: A threat to survival, growth and development

In 2001, there were 3.97 million people with AIDS.

1994

1998

2000

36

37 Anaemia Among Adolescent Girls (1,71,645 girls aged 10 - 19 years)

Anaemia Among Adolescent Girls (1,71,645 girls aged 10 - 19 years)

5%

24%

28%

43%

37

Source: RCH Survey, 2002

38 Key Points

Key Points

Many states have child populations similar to large countries. IMR continues to be high and is not commensurate with the economic growth of the country There is an 77 point difference between Orissa (87 per 1,000) and Kerala (10 per 1,000) and MMR is at a staggering high. 22% of the children are low birth weight and 47% of the underfive are malnourished There is decline in sex ratio and some of the states like Haryana , Punjab are the worst affected. * *

38

39 Key Points (contd

Key Points (contd

Only 35% of the births are registered. 5% of children aged 5 -14 years in India work as child labourers working for someone else There is a 54 point differential between the highest and lowest state level female literacy rate 65% of girls in India are married by the age of 18. 33% are married by the time they are 15 years of age.Another 31% are married between 15 to 18 years of age

39

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