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Social Protection in China ---- Reform & Development in the Background
Social Protection in China ---- Reform & Development in the Background
The Background --The 30-year Economic Reform
The Background --The 30-year Economic Reform
2. The main trends of Socioeconomic Changes in China in the last three
2. The main trends of Socioeconomic Changes in China in the last three
II
II
Changes in the urban social protection system
Changes in the urban social protection system
2. The social protection transition during the reform
2. The social protection transition during the reform
Changes in the rural social protection system
Changes in the rural social protection system
3. Characteristics of social protection transition
3. Characteristics of social protection transition
Social Protection in China
Social Protection in China
From the traditional universal model to a more selective welfare
From the traditional universal model to a more selective welfare
4. The socio-economic explanations
4. The socio-economic explanations
The political system: the social policy is more sensitive to the
The political system: the social policy is more sensitive to the
International Economic Competition Caused by Globalization
International Economic Competition Caused by Globalization
5. The achievement and problems in the economic and social transition
5. The achievement and problems in the economic and social transition
The Problems -- Higher inequality (The growing Gini Coefficient) --
The Problems -- Higher inequality (The growing Gini Coefficient) --
III
III
3) New economic situation: Rapid economic growth and the governments
3) New economic situation: Rapid economic growth and the governments
2. The new ideology and principles of social protection
2. The new ideology and principles of social protection
To reinforce the governments intervention, and increase the
To reinforce the governments intervention, and increase the
Source: China Statistic Yearbook (2007)
Source: China Statistic Yearbook (2007)
3. Some new actions in social protection
3. Some new actions in social protection
IV
IV
2. The challenges for the next decade
2. The challenges for the next decade
3. Policy choices in discussion (Institutional arrangements of social
3. Policy choices in discussion (Institutional arrangements of social
4. Some significant tasks for the next decade
4. Some significant tasks for the next decade
Thanks
Thanks
Social Protection in China
Social Protection in China
Social Protection in China
Social Protection in China
Social Protection in China
Social Protection in China
Social Protection in China
Social Protection in China
Social Protection in China
Social Protection in China
Social Protection in China
Social Protection in China
Social Protection in China
Social Protection in China
Social Protection in China
Social Protection in China
The development in specific areas of social policy
The development in specific areas of social policy
The Urban Minimal Living Security
The Urban Minimal Living Security
The Rural Minimal Living Security
The Rural Minimal Living Security
Current social Assistance systems in China
Current social Assistance systems in China
2. Social Insurances
2. Social Insurances
Social Protection in China
Social Protection in China
Social Protection in China
Social Protection in China
Social Protection in China
Social Protection in China
Social Protection in China
Social Protection in China
Social Protection in China
Social Protection in China
Social Protection in China
Social Protection in China
Social Protection in China
Social Protection in China
2. The new trends for the next decade
2. The new trends for the next decade
Thanks
Thanks
Social Protection in China
Social Protection in China

: Social Protection in China. : Guan Xinping. : Social Protection in China.ppt. zip-: 94 .

Social Protection in China

Social Protection in China.ppt
1 Social Protection in China ---- Reform & Development in the Background

Social Protection in China ---- Reform & Development in the Background

of marketization, globalization & urbanization

Prof. Xinping Guan (Nankai University, China)

2 The Background --The 30-year Economic Reform

The Background --The 30-year Economic Reform

Before the reform, China had a low economic development with a higher welfare protection The economic reform: to provide more economic opportunities and economic security for Chinese people by marketization and a more open economy

3 2. The main trends of Socioeconomic Changes in China in the last three

2. The main trends of Socioeconomic Changes in China in the last three

decades Marketization: The economic system reform Globalization: The open-door policy Urbanization: rural-urban migration

4 II

II

Institutional Transition in Social Protection

1. The Social Protection systems before the reform

5 Changes in the urban social protection system

Changes in the urban social protection system

The food guarantee

Food market

The job guarantee

Labor market

Public health care

Semi-commercial

Partly user pay

Public education, etc

Labour insurance

Social insurance

Welfare housing

Housing market

Social Relief for the Three Nos

Before the reform

After the reform

Social Assistance for all the poor

6 2. The social protection transition during the reform

2. The social protection transition during the reform

7 Changes in the rural social protection system

Changes in the rural social protection system

Public (collective) farmland

Household farmland responsibility

Public health care

Commercialized

Public education

Public education

Collective care

Social assistance

Five Guarantee

Five Guarantee

Disaster Relief

Disaster Assistance

Before the reform

After the reform

8 3. Characteristics of social protection transition

3. Characteristics of social protection transition

Partial marketization of social services The decline of the governmental social expenditure in the period of the reform

9 Social Protection in China
10 From the traditional universal model to a more selective welfare

From the traditional universal model to a more selective welfare

system: ---- more targeting Institutional gap within the urban reduced, but the rural-urban gap enlarged, and Rural welfare declines

11 4. The socio-economic explanations

4. The socio-economic explanations

Market reform: to have an institutional coordination between welfare and economic systems, and to apply the market mechanism in welfare system. Globalization: social policy falls into a dilemma when China enters into the globalizing world economy. -- to enlarge the social welfare programs to deal with the increasing social problems; -- to reduce social expenditure

12 The political system: the social policy is more sensitive to the

The political system: the social policy is more sensitive to the

political/social instability and complains from the worse-off groups. Neo-liberal impacts Ideological changes during the process of market reform and globalization

13 International Economic Competition Caused by Globalization

International Economic Competition Caused by Globalization

Governments Flexibility in Social Policy

Social Problems Caused by Marketization and Globalization

Economic Growth

Social Stability

14 5. The achievement and problems in the economic and social transition

5. The achievement and problems in the economic and social transition

in the last three decades

The Achievement A long term economic development and the increase of income per capita Decline of poverty rate (by both market reform and the public actions) Higher living quality and better provisions in education, health, etc. for most of Chinese people

15 The Problems -- Higher inequality (The growing Gini Coefficient) --

The Problems -- Higher inequality (The growing Gini Coefficient) --

Absolute poverty still remain, while relative poverty increase -- Social protection to the vulnerable groups has been relatively decline as a result of the governments social expenditure, especially in health care, etc. -- Unable to solve the social problem caused by urbanization and the rural labor migration -- Latent problems in the future ageing society

16 III

III

The New development (since 2002)

Background 1) The governments stronger responses to the negative consequences of the economic and social reform in 1990s (inequality, Poverty, etc.), and the intension to solve the problems by a better social protection system 2) The changing politic-ideological environment: More emphasis on social equity More human-centered policy orientation Harmonious society

17 3) New economic situation: Rapid economic growth and the governments

3) New economic situation: Rapid economic growth and the governments

growing financial capacity 4) Rapid industrialization & urbanization after entering into WTO ---- Causing more rural-urban migration The changing pattern of economic development: ---- From the current labour-intensive to the technology-intensive

18 2. The new ideology and principles of social protection

2. The new ideology and principles of social protection

From the economic-centered to the harmonious society guided More emphasis on social equity and the human-centered principle More claims of governments responsibility and peoples rights in social protection To pay more attention to the social protection to the vulnerable groups

19 To reinforce the governments intervention, and increase the

To reinforce the governments intervention, and increase the

governments social expenditure

20 Source: China Statistic Yearbook (2007)

Source: China Statistic Yearbook (2007)

21 3. Some new actions in social protection

3. Some new actions in social protection

The reinforcement and enlargement of the urban pension system The improvement of social assistance system The further reform of the health care system The better provision of housing benefits in cities The starting actions to include rural migrant into urban social protection

22 IV

IV

The new social protection agenda for the next decade

1. The socio-economic changes next Structural change in economic pattern--- may cause more laid-off Urbanization: More rural people move into cities Ageing population: Higher need in welfare provision

23 2. The challenges for the next decade

2. The challenges for the next decade

Social inequality and the relative poverty Continuous action against absolute poverty The balance of economic competition and social protection Better social protection for the vulnerable groups: The unemployed, rural migrants, the disabled, etc. Higher needs in social welfare provisions for the emerging aged population

24 3. Policy choices in discussion (Institutional arrangements of social

3. Policy choices in discussion (Institutional arrangements of social

protection) -- How and to what extent the government should intervene?

Welfare vs. Market Universal vs. selective Government vs. NGOs Equality vs. Efficiency Social governance: Global, national, and local

25 4. Some significant tasks for the next decade

4. Some significant tasks for the next decade

Back to the middle way and have a developmental welfare system Increase social protection for the rural people, including the rural migrants, based on a urban-rural integrated social protection system Preparing for the future ageing society

26 Thanks

Thanks

27 Social Protection in China
28 Social Protection in China
29 Social Protection in China
30 Social Protection in China
31 Social Protection in China
32 Social Protection in China
33 Social Protection in China
34 Social Protection in China
35 The development in specific areas of social policy

The development in specific areas of social policy

1. The Development of Social Assistance since 2002

36 The Urban Minimal Living Security

The Urban Minimal Living Security

37 The Rural Minimal Living Security

The Rural Minimal Living Security

38 Current social Assistance systems in China

Current social Assistance systems in China

39 2. Social Insurances

2. Social Insurances

Pension: the current system was established in 1997, and reformed and improved since 2001; To valid the personal account by central governments expenditure. The development of the social insurance programmes of medical insurance, unemployment, occupational injury and maternity. But the rural social insurance is still in no progress.

40 Social Protection in China
41 Social Protection in China
42 Social Protection in China
43 Social Protection in China
44 Social Protection in China
45 Social Protection in China
46 Social Protection in China
47 2. The new trends for the next decade

2. The new trends for the next decade

Back to the middle way Towards a urban-rural integrated social policy system Preparing for the future aging society

48 Thanks

Thanks

49 Social Protection in China
Social Protection in China
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