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ESTABLISHING COORDINATED MULTISECTORAL RESPONSES  The Case of Zambia
ESTABLISHING COORDINATED MULTISECTORAL RESPONSES The Case of Zambia
SCOPE
SCOPE
INTRODUCTION
INTRODUCTION
Introduction Contd
Introduction Contd
Introduction Contd
Introduction Contd
Introduction Contd
Introduction Contd
Introduction Contd
Introduction Contd
Introduction Contd
Introduction Contd
Establishing Coordinated Multisectoral Responses
Establishing Coordinated Multisectoral Responses
Establishing Coordinated Multisectoral Response Contd
Establishing Coordinated Multisectoral Response Contd
Establishing Multisectoral Responses Contd
Establishing Multisectoral Responses Contd
Establishing Coordinated Multisectoral Responses Contd
Establishing Coordinated Multisectoral Responses Contd
Establishing Coordinated Multisectoral Responses Contd
Establishing Coordinated Multisectoral Responses Contd
The Role of the Policce
The Role of the Policce
Challenges in Establising CRCs
Challenges in Establising CRCs
Challenges in Establishing CRCs Contd
Challenges in Establishing CRCs Contd
Overcoming Challenges
Overcoming Challenges
Overcoming Challenges Contd
Overcoming Challenges Contd
Overcoming Challenges Contd
Overcoming Challenges Contd
Conclusion
Conclusion
Conclusion Contd
Conclusion Contd
CLARIFICATIONS
CLARIFICATIONS

: The Case of Zambia. : Mwewa. : The Case of Zambia.pptx. zip-: 66 .

The Case of Zambia

The Case of Zambia.pptx
1 ESTABLISHING COORDINATED MULTISECTORAL RESPONSES  The Case of Zambia

ESTABLISHING COORDINATED MULTISECTORAL RESPONSES The Case of Zambia

PRESENTATION BY S/SUPT B.M. T. NGULUBE ZAMBIA POLICE SERVICE

2 SCOPE

SCOPE

Introduction Establishment of coordinated multisectoral responses Role of the Police Challenges in establishing coordinated multisectoral responses Overcoming challenges and good practices for up-scaling Conclusion

3 INTRODUCTION

INTRODUCTION

Establishment of CRCs: The establishment of a coordinated multisectoral response in Zambia can be understood better and appreciated by first examining, nature of the problem, how it was perceived earlier and the legal environment to address it. Nature of the problem: Violence is a daily and often deadly fact of life for millions of women and children. In Southern Africa as in the rest of the world, rape, abuse and domestic violence occur on an epidemic scale

4 Introduction Contd

Introduction Contd

Perception of SGBV in Zambia in the recent past: Sexual and Gender Based violence (SGBV) crime in Zambia is often perpetuated by the cultural environment that generally does not categorise SGBV as abuse of human rights. Legal environment: initially when victims of SGBV took initiative and reported to the police, the police perceived such cases as family issue and not criminal in nature.

5 Introduction Contd

Introduction Contd

Furthermore, Zambias statutory legal system unchanged since independence did not recognise sexual or physical assault within marriage as a crime. To compound the problem, the criminal justice was not adequately equipped with skills, resources or statutes to fully address SGBV and uphold the rights of women and children. Some of the challenges included:

6 Introduction Contd

Introduction Contd

Current position of Zambia on SGBV: Zambia is a signatory to a number of international instruments, which seek to protect women and children The Government of Zambia in collaboration with a number of stakeholders, including cooperating partners and the civil society has been making conseted efforts in addressing SGBV.

7 Introduction Contd

Introduction Contd

The recent effort include the enactment of the Anti-Gender Based Violence Act No. 1 of 2011, the amendment Act of the Penal Code (Act No. 15 of 2005) and the enactment of the Anti-Human Trafficking Act No.11 of 2011. Consequently, the establishment of coordinated multisectoral response centres (CRCs)in the country has helped survivors gain easy access to legal, medical and psychological support

8 Introduction Contd

Introduction Contd

The approach to coordinated multisectoral response to SGBV has built and enhanced capacity of the police and health care givers in handling SGBV

9 Establishing Coordinated Multisectoral Responses

Establishing Coordinated Multisectoral Responses

With reference to Zambia, the establishment of coordinated multi-sectoral responses to address SGBV was first piloted as a project in 2006 Among other partners included the following partners; Ministry of Gender in Development, Ministry of Community and Social Services, Ministry of Health, the Zambia Police Service, Young Womens Christian Association (YWCA) of Zambia, Child Justice Forum (CJF)

10 Establishing Coordinated Multisectoral Response Contd

Establishing Coordinated Multisectoral Response Contd

Their services include legal, health and psychosocial counseling, law reform The aim of ASAZA Project was to establish coordinated multi-sectoral responses aimed at expanding and strengthening the capacity of the SGBV partnership to improve service delivery and develop a holistic approach as well as sustainable support to SGBV victims or survivors

11 Establishing Multisectoral Responses Contd

Establishing Multisectoral Responses Contd

Implementation methodology:The partners were involved from the onset of the program to enhance the understanding of the roles of each player and thus pave way for coordination in a multisectoral approach as well as making referrals easy. The role players were also involved in monitoring and evaluation program for the CRCs so that together they learn their institutional strength and weaknesses, and suggest measures to address the weaknesses

12 Establishing Coordinated Multisectoral Responses Contd

Establishing Coordinated Multisectoral Responses Contd

two centres were established in 2006, one in urban settting (Lusaka) and the other in peri urban setting (Chipata). By 2008, the ASAZA Project was scaled-up and extended to the following areas of Zambia: Kabwe, Kitwe, Livingstone, Ndola and Mazabuka. (see map of Zambia as per attached copy)

13 Establishing Coordinated Multisectoral Responses Contd

Establishing Coordinated Multisectoral Responses Contd

For easy mobility and quick follow-up of SGBV cases, in December 2008 Care International Zambia donated to Zambia Police Service four motor vehicles Data capturing and analysis is cardinal for monitoring and evaluation. To achieve this, Care International Zambia trained some police officers in data entry and donated some computers for data capturing. contact persons were indentified for each institution, this development enhanced coordination and ease referrals whenever faced with a situation that required the input of other role players.

14 The Role of the Policce

The Role of the Policce

To receive SGBV reports and investigate them Prepare victims for court as witnesses Bring perpetrators to book Sensitise the public on SGBV crimes Offer counselling to victims

15 Challenges in Establising CRCs

Challenges in Establising CRCs

Lack of shelter or inadequate shelter for the abused children and women, to ensure safety of the victims in some of the cases result in inadequate support Transport and communication have been difficult issues for the centres Inadequate space and staffing aspects within the CRCs (this results in stressing them)

16 Challenges in Establishing CRCs Contd

Challenges in Establishing CRCs Contd

The medical services are one of the most essential services. Hence, the overall shortage of medical personnel in the country has posed a challenge to the concept of having a medical person at the CRC. High staff turn-over, especially in governmental organizations like the Police and Ministry of Health, as it jeopardizes flow of coordination and new staff may be ill equipped. Thus training them adds onto already existing funding constraints.

17 Overcoming Challenges

Overcoming Challenges

Involve all the partners from the very initial design of the program and action implementation, including monitoring and evaluation of the CRCs, as this ensures institutional strengthening and capacity building for all the partners at individual and organizational levels To overcome staff turn-over, need for continued training of role players in the fight against SGBV. To counteract the shortage for medical personnel, victims of SGBV must be transported to the nearest hospitals so they can access services, which in turn puts a demand on transport.

18 Overcoming Challenges Contd

Overcoming Challenges Contd

To strengthen the laws on SGBV, need to engage parliamentarians and lobby for enactment of relevant laws suitable to address the plight of women and children. With regard to inadequate shelter, setting up shelter places can address the problem. Need for enough manpower at the CRCs, to ensure excellent service delivery.

19 Overcoming Challenges Contd

Overcoming Challenges Contd

To change the culture of silence that does not recognise SGBV as a violation of human rights, incorporate community leaders who will play an important role as a change agent in influencing perceptions and behavior on SGBV. Need to develop protocols on SGBV case management for legal and health care givers so that there is a standardized procedure For continuity of the CRCs, there is need to have a consortium in place or an organization among partners responsible to coordinate, monitor and evaluate

20 Conclusion

Conclusion

Involving all the partners from the design of the program and action implementation, including monitoring and evaluation of the CRCs, ensures institutional strengthening and capacity building for all the partners at individual and organizational levels.

21 Conclusion Contd

Conclusion Contd

It furthermore strengthens the capacity of the partnership and proves that collaborative work at the CRCs and at national level is an adequate approach for raising awareness on SGBV, and introducing measures to counteract

22 CLARIFICATIONS

CLARIFICATIONS

The Case of Zambia
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