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The English Civil War & the Glorious Revolution Preview: Examine the
The English Civil War & the Glorious Revolution Preview: Examine the
The English Civil War & the Glorious Revolution Preview: Examine the
The English Civil War & the Glorious Revolution Preview: Examine the
English Civil War (1642-1647)
English Civil War (1642-1647)
Reasons for the English Civil War
Reasons for the English Civil War
The English Civil War & the Glorious Revolution Preview: Examine the
The English Civil War & the Glorious Revolution Preview: Examine the
Reasons for the English Civil War
Reasons for the English Civil War
Problems between the King and Parliament
Problems between the King and Parliament
What is divine right
What is divine right
Problems between the King and Parliament
Problems between the King and Parliament
Reasons for the English Civil War
Reasons for the English Civil War
Reasons for the English Civil War
Reasons for the English Civil War
Civil War
Civil War
The English Civil War & the Glorious Revolution Preview: Examine the
The English Civil War & the Glorious Revolution Preview: Examine the
Civil War
Civil War
The English Civil War & the Glorious Revolution Preview: Examine the
The English Civil War & the Glorious Revolution Preview: Examine the
Do you think the Charles I should have been executed
Do you think the Charles I should have been executed
What did the 19 Propositions say
What did the 19 Propositions say
After the Civil War
After the Civil War
New Commonwealth
New Commonwealth
English Civil War Graffiti
English Civil War Graffiti
The Restoration (1660)
The Restoration (1660)
Restoration
Restoration
The English Civil War & the Glorious Revolution Preview: Examine the
The English Civil War & the Glorious Revolution Preview: Examine the
Restoration
Restoration
Restoration
Restoration
Restoration
Restoration
This is James II
This is James II
Glorious Revolution
Glorious Revolution
Glorious Revolution (Cont)
Glorious Revolution (Cont)
William and Mary
William and Mary
What is a commonwealth
What is a commonwealth
What is a constitutional monarchy
What is a constitutional monarchy
What is habeas corpus
What is habeas corpus

: The English Civil War the Glorious Revolution Preview: Examine the image on the next slide. : GCPS. : The English Civil War the Glorious Revolution Preview: Examine the image on the next slide.ppt. zip-: 437 .

The English Civil War the Glorious Revolution Preview: Examine the image on the next slide

The English Civil War the Glorious Revolution Preview: Examine the image on the next slide.ppt
1 The English Civil War & the Glorious Revolution Preview: Examine the

The English Civil War & the Glorious Revolution Preview: Examine the

image on the next slide. What do you think is going on? What do you think led to the actions in this slide?

2 The English Civil War & the Glorious Revolution Preview: Examine the
3 English Civil War (1642-1647)

English Civil War (1642-1647)

4 Reasons for the English Civil War

Reasons for the English Civil War

In 1603, Elizabeth died. She never married, so there were no heirs to continue the Tudor Dynasty Mary Stuarts son James I became the King of England started Stuart Dynasty in England

5 The English Civil War & the Glorious Revolution Preview: Examine the
6 Reasons for the English Civil War

Reasons for the English Civil War

Queen Elizabeth recognized the importance of working with Parliament James I did not; believed he should be absolute monarch because of Divine Right (God chooses royal families to rule); James I did not listen to Parliament Major problems between Parliament & King over issues of Authority, Money, & Religion

7 Problems between the King and Parliament

Problems between the King and Parliament

AuthorityJames I believed in divine right and absolutism; Parliament felt king should be limited by Parliament MoneyJames I has to ask Parliament for money to finance government and life style

8 What is divine right

What is divine right

King has power to rule from people. King has the power to rule from Congress. King has power to rule from Parliament. King has power to rule from God.

9 Problems between the King and Parliament

Problems between the King and Parliament

ReligionPuritans were members of the Anglican Church who wanted all Catholic rituals removed; Puritans were active members of Parliament & were angered when James I arranged marriage of son (Charles) to a Catholic princess

10 Reasons for the English Civil War

Reasons for the English Civil War

When James I died in 1625, his son Charles I became king Charles was worse than James: Charles believed in divine right & absolute monarchy; refused to discuss ideas with Parliamentonly called Parliament when he needed money

11 Reasons for the English Civil War

Reasons for the English Civil War

Parliament got fed up with Charles I & refused to give him money unless signed Petition of Rights in 1628: King could not jail people without a good reason King could not make taxes without Parliament's approval King could not keep his soldiers in peoples homes & could not use army to maintain order during peacetime

12 Civil War

Civil War

Charles I was really mad at Parliament & refused to call another Parliament for 11 years until he needed money to end revolts in Ireland & Scotland Conflict between supporters of King (Royalists/Cavaliers) & Parliament grew so bad that a civil war was inevitable

13 The English Civil War & the Glorious Revolution Preview: Examine the
14 Civil War

Civil War

War between Cavaliers (Royalists) vs Roundheads (supporters of Parliament) lasted for 5 years Roundheads found a strong leader in Oliver Cromwell; Cromwell and Roundheads won & behead the king (1st public execution of a king)

15 The English Civil War & the Glorious Revolution Preview: Examine the
16 Do you think the Charles I should have been executed

Do you think the Charles I should have been executed

Strongly agree Somewhat agree Somewhat disagree Strongly disagree

17 What did the 19 Propositions say

What did the 19 Propositions say

Gave the King supreme power. Gave Parliament Supreme power. Made the Commonwealth legal. Gave Oliver Cromwell complete power.

18 After the Civil War

After the Civil War

After the Civil War, a Commonwealth was createdtype of government with no king & ruled by Parliament Oliver Cromwell led the Commonwealth, but did not use democracy he became a military dictator

19 New Commonwealth

New Commonwealth

Life in the Commonwealth was harsh because it was led by Cromwell & the Puritans; Forced strict religious rules on people of England: It was illegal to go to theaters & sporting events; merrymaking & amusement were illegal Citizens hated living this way & began to want to bring back a king again

20 English Civil War Graffiti

English Civil War Graffiti

King Charles is a bum! Let Parliament rule!

Cavaliers stink!

21 The Restoration (1660)

The Restoration (1660)

22 Restoration

Restoration

People grew tired of the severe, religious rule of Oliver Cromwell & the Puritans; many wanted a king again In 1660, Charles Is son became King of EnglandCharles II was called the Merry Monarch because he brought back theatres, sporting events, dancing & he got along with Parliament!!

23 The English Civil War & the Glorious Revolution Preview: Examine the
24 Restoration

Restoration

Charles II learned from the lessons of his father & grandfather: Did not try to rule by Divine Right & did not threaten Parliaments authority Passed Habeas Corpus Laweveryone guaranteed a trial after arrest; cannot be held in jail forever Anglicanism was official religion, but treated Puritans & Catholics equally

25 Restoration

Restoration

During the Restoration, Parliament strengthened the Church of Englandonly Anglicans could attend universities, serve in Parliament, be priests in Anglican Church Parliament created Constitutional Monarchy based on Magna Carta & Petition of Right (Guaranteed rights of people & limited king)

26 Restoration

Restoration

BUT, there were problems: Charles II needed more money than Parliament was willing to give; so he made a secret agreement with Louis XIV of France to convert to Catholicism in exchange for money Charles II had no children; when he died, his openly-Catholic brother James II will be king (Parliament's worst fear!!)

27 This is James II

This is James II

28 Glorious Revolution

Glorious Revolution

James ignoring Parliaments religious laws, James appointed Catholics to government and university positions. Parliament was worried the throne would go to James II son who was to be raised Catholic. Encouraged William of Orange (ruler of the Netherlands who was married to James II daughter Mary) to invade and take over.

29 Glorious Revolution (Cont)

Glorious Revolution (Cont)

James II fled to France when he realized he had little support from England. This peaceful transfer of power was called the Glorious Revolution.

30 William and Mary

William and Mary

William and Mary swore an oath that they would govern the people of England. Parliament passed the Bill of Rights. This passage made it clear that Parliament was in control.

31 What is a commonwealth

What is a commonwealth

A state ruled by the monarch. A state ruled by a hegemon. A state ruled by a constitution. A state ruled by elected representatives.

32 What is a constitutional monarchy

What is a constitutional monarchy

Form of government in which monarchs power is limited by the constitution. Form of government in which monarchs power is unlimited by the constitution. Form of government where Parliament is in control. Form of government where Parliament is not in control.

33 What is habeas corpus

What is habeas corpus

People have to be tried. People cannot be held in prison w/o just cause or w/o a trial. People need to be read their miranda rights. People have to have an attorney present at trial.

The English Civil War the Glorious Revolution Preview: Examine the image on the next slide
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