Тексты на английском
<<  Вергилий по истории 5 класс Overview of Records and Administrative Detention Proposed Regulations Implementing the Bioterrorism Act  >>
The Impact of the Mongols
The Impact of the Mongols
General remarks
General remarks
Outline
Outline
1. After Chingiz Khan (d
1. After Chingiz Khan (d
5
5
6
6
7
7
A. Qipchaq khanate (Golden Horde)
A. Qipchaq khanate (Golden Horde)
B. Il-khans (Persia)
B. Il-khans (Persia)
Ceramic prayer niche (Iran, 14th-century)
Ceramic prayer niche (Iran, 14th-century)
Tent mosque; Qur’an page
Tent mosque; Qur’an page
Circular Royal tapestry
Circular Royal tapestry
C. Chaghatay Khanate (later known as Uzbeks)
C. Chaghatay Khanate (later known as Uzbeks)
14
14
2. New Centers of Islamic Culture: A. Mamluk Egypt
2. New Centers of Islamic Culture: A. Mamluk Egypt
Mosque and madrasa of Sultan Hasan (Cairo, 14th century)
Mosque and madrasa of Sultan Hasan (Cairo, 14th century)
B. Delhi Sultanate
B. Delhi Sultanate
Expansion and decline of Delhi Sultanate
Expansion and decline of Delhi Sultanate
Qutb Minar
Qutb Minar
C. Ottoman Sultanate
C. Ottoman Sultanate
Rise of Ottomans
Rise of Ottomans
Konya
Konya
3. Scourges
3. Scourges
Final thoughts
Final thoughts

Презентация: «The Impact of the Mongols». Автор: Carl Ernst. Файл: «The Impact of the Mongols.ppt». Размер zip-архива: 1089 КБ.

The Impact of the Mongols

содержание презентации «The Impact of the Mongols.ppt»
СлайдТекст
1 The Impact of the Mongols

The Impact of the Mongols

Carl Ernst Introduction to Islamic Civilization

2 General remarks

General remarks

Mongol conquests much greater than Arab conquests, but short-lived Christian fantasies of Prester John, Christian king of the East (who would attack Muslims) Destruction of cities followed by rebuilding, flourishing long-distance trade (Marco Polo), and even an expansion and flourishing of Islamic civilization

2

3 Outline

Outline

Mongol khanates Qipchaq Il-Khans Chaghatay New centers of Islamic culture Mamluks (Egypt) Delhi Sultanate Ottomans Scourges (plague, Timur)

3

4 1. After Chingiz Khan (d

1. After Chingiz Khan (d

1227): 4 Mongol Khanates

Qipchaq Khanate (Golden Horde), on Eurasian steppes Il-khanate (Persia) Chaghatay Khanate (Central Asia) Great Khanate or Yuan Dynasty (Mongolia, China)

4

5 5

5

6 6

6

7 7

7

8 A. Qipchaq khanate (Golden Horde)

A. Qipchaq khanate (Golden Horde)

Collected tribute from Russians without integrating into Russian society Like most Mongols, tolerated religious missionaries of various types (insurance policy?) Gradual Islamization

8

9 B. Il-khans (Persia)

B. Il-khans (Persia)

Hulagu rebuilds destroyed cities, astronomical observatory at Maragha Devastation of northern Iran and Iraq First successors leaned towards Buddhism and Christianity In 1295, Ghazan converts to Islam Thriving culture and art

9

10 Ceramic prayer niche (Iran, 14th-century)

Ceramic prayer niche (Iran, 14th-century)

10

11 Tent mosque; Qur’an page

Tent mosque; Qur’an page

11

12 Circular Royal tapestry

Circular Royal tapestry

12

13 C. Chaghatay Khanate (later known as Uzbeks)

C. Chaghatay Khanate (later known as Uzbeks)

Remained nomadic A coalition of Mongols, Turks, and Uighurs In 1326, Tarmashirin converts to Islam and orders all others to follow Empire collapses shortly afterward

13

14 14

14

15 2. New Centers of Islamic Culture: A. Mamluk Egypt

2. New Centers of Islamic Culture: A. Mamluk Egypt

Defeated Mongols in 1260 in Palestine Occupied Syria, Arabia Import of slaves for military leadership Loyalty to Amirs as core virtue, distance from local society, need for replacements Political instability Good relations with Byzantines, Italians

15

16 Mosque and madrasa of Sultan Hasan (Cairo, 14th century)

Mosque and madrasa of Sultan Hasan (Cairo, 14th century)

16

17 B. Delhi Sultanate

B. Delhi Sultanate

Ghurids conquered Punjab and Delhi 1193, expanding into Ganges region Turkish Sultans with military slave background, Persian culture Resisted Mongol expeditions Expanded empire to South (2nd capital) Delhi a magnet for scholars and artisans Coexistence with vast Hindu majority

17

18 Expansion and decline of Delhi Sultanate

Expansion and decline of Delhi Sultanate

18

19 Qutb Minar

Qutb Minar

19

20 C. Ottoman Sultanate

C. Ottoman Sultanate

20

21 Rise of Ottomans

Rise of Ottomans

Succeed Saljuqs, who established Persian culture in Konya, though they remained subject to Mongols Ghazi raiders against Byzantines eventually establish state, expand into Balkans Recruitment of Christian knights (siege of Kosovo in 1389 – Serbian national myth) Forcible enrollment of Christian youths in military and bureaucracy (devshirme)

21

22 Konya

Konya

Tomb of Rumi (d. 1273)

22

23 3. Scourges

3. Scourges

Black plague causes massive devastation Timur (Tamerlane) creates a neo-Mongol empire, causing great destruction.

23

24 Final thoughts

Final thoughts

Why did the Mongols not have a longer-lasting civilization? Confrontations with Christian powers in name of God (Tenggri) who gave authority to Chingiz Khan Confrontations with Turkish rulers of Delhi Sultanate: is the Mongol law (yasa) stronger than Islamic shari`a? Weakness of non-textual cultures

24

«The Impact of the Mongols»
http://900igr.net/prezentacija/anglijskij-jazyk/the-impact-of-the-mongols-120311.html
cсылка на страницу

Тексты на английском

46 презентаций о текстах на английском
Урок

Английский язык

29 тем
Слайды