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Types of territoriality
Types of territoriality
Pan-isms (Uniting same group from different states) Ethnic: Pan-Arab,
Pan-isms (Uniting same group from different states) Ethnic: Pan-Arab,
Kurds
Kurds
Iraq Ethnic: Arabs vs
Iraq Ethnic: Arabs vs
Iran-Iraq War, 1980-88
Iran-Iraq War, 1980-88
Armenia-Azerbaijan War, 1988-94
Armenia-Azerbaijan War, 1988-94
Kashmir conflict
Kashmir conflict
Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
British Palestine 1918-48 Arab ethnic majority Jewish religious
British Palestine 1918-48 Arab ethnic majority Jewish religious
UN Partition Plan, 1948 Jewish State (Israel) Arab State (Palestine)
UN Partition Plan, 1948 Jewish State (Israel) Arab State (Palestine)
Israeli Jews vs
Israeli Jews vs
Israeli Settlements and Palestinian towns in the West Bank, 2000
Israeli Settlements and Palestinian towns in the West Bank, 2000
Israel Zionism: Jewish (religious) territoriality Israelis are
Israel Zionism: Jewish (religious) territoriality Israelis are
Palestinians (in West Bank and Gaza Strip) Arab (ethnic)
Palestinians (in West Bank and Gaza Strip) Arab (ethnic)
Types of territoriality
Types of territoriality
Water & Israels border
Water & Israels border
Palestinian autonomy, 2000 Gradual turnover of Israeli- Occupied areas
Palestinian autonomy, 2000 Gradual turnover of Israeli- Occupied areas
Wall, Barrier or New Border
Wall, Barrier or New Border
Jerusalem: Holy City to Jews, Muslims, and Christians
Jerusalem: Holy City to Jews, Muslims, and Christians
Jerusalem West (Israeli); East (Arab) with Israeli settlements
Jerusalem West (Israeli); East (Arab) with Israeli settlements
Palestinian and Israeli propaganda maps
Palestinian and Israeli propaganda maps
Cold War propaganda map: Red menace
Cold War propaganda map: Red menace
View of Communist Red Bloc during Cold War
View of Communist Red Bloc during Cold War
Types of territoriality
Types of territoriality
Clash of Civilizations theory
Clash of Civilizations theory
Clash of Civilizations theory
Clash of Civilizations theory
Lumping Arabs or Muslims after Sept
Lumping Arabs or Muslims after Sept
How Many Americans View the World
How Many Americans View the World
Cartoon: Bushs View of the World Problem: some former allies later
Cartoon: Bushs View of the World Problem: some former allies later
GEOPOLITICS
GEOPOLITICS
Growth of Russian Empire
Growth of Russian Empire
Types of territoriality
Types of territoriality
Types of territoriality
Types of territoriality
African colonies
African colonies
Decolonization, 1940s-1990s
Decolonization, 1940s-1990s
Divide-and-conquer
Divide-and-conquer
Mackinders Heartland Theory (Whoever controls Pivot Area can control
Mackinders Heartland Theory (Whoever controls Pivot Area can control
Enlargement of Soviet bloc after World War II
Enlargement of Soviet bloc after World War II
NATO and Warsaw Pact, 1945-89
NATO and Warsaw Pact, 1945-89
Changes in Europe, 1990-93
Changes in Europe, 1990-93
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), 2002
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), 2002
European Union
European Union
United Nations member states
United Nations member states
Other international alliances
Other international alliances

: Types of territoriality. : Kris Olds. : Types of territoriality.ppt. zip-: 9160 .

Types of territoriality

Types of territoriality.ppt
1 Types of territoriality

Types of territoriality

State Ethnic Religious Racial Fears of Balkanization (splitting state) But common defiance of outsiders

2 Pan-isms (Uniting same group from different states) Ethnic: Pan-Arab,

Pan-isms (Uniting same group from different states) Ethnic: Pan-Arab,

Pan-Kurdish Religious: Pan-Islamic Racial: Pan-African States: Pan-American

3 Kurds

Kurds

Ethnic group in Turkey, Iraq, Iran, Syria. Many Kurds for state of Kurdistan. States pit Kurds against each other

4 Iraq Ethnic: Arabs vs

Iraq Ethnic: Arabs vs

Kurds Religion: Sunnis vs. Shias Rulers are Sunni Arab

5 Iran-Iraq War, 1980-88

Iran-Iraq War, 1980-88

IRAN (Shia Persian) vs. IRAQ (Sunni Arab) Yet Iraqi Shias fought for Iraq, Iranian Arabs fought for Iran (State territoriality won)

Iranians

Iraqis

6 Armenia-Azerbaijan War, 1988-94

Armenia-Azerbaijan War, 1988-94

ARMENIA (Christian) vs. AZERBAIJAN (Shia Mulsim) Yet Shia Iran stayed neutral, fearing ethnic Azeris in NW Iran (Ethnic territoriality won)

Armenian (above) and Azeri views

7 Kashmir conflict

Kashmir conflict

INDIA (Hindu) vs. PAKISTAN (Muslim)

British India partitioned into two states, 1948. Kashmir had Muslim majority but Hindu ruler. Wars split Kashmir between India, Pakistan, and China (all now have nukes)

PAKISTAN

INDIA

Indian and Pakistani propaganda maps

KASHMIR

CHINA

(CHINA)

8 Mediterranean Sea

Mediterranean Sea

Nile River

9 British Palestine 1918-48 Arab ethnic majority Jewish religious

British Palestine 1918-48 Arab ethnic majority Jewish religious

minority grew in 1940s

10 UN Partition Plan, 1948 Jewish State (Israel) Arab State (Palestine)

UN Partition Plan, 1948 Jewish State (Israel) Arab State (Palestine)

International Zone (Jerusalem)

11 Israeli Jews vs

Israeli Jews vs

Palestinians. other Arabs

12 Israeli Settlements and Palestinian towns in the West Bank, 2000

Israeli Settlements and Palestinian towns in the West Bank, 2000

Israeli settlers see as historic Jewish homeland Palestinians compare illegal settlements to Apartheid

13 Israel Zionism: Jewish (religious) territoriality Israelis are

Israel Zionism: Jewish (religious) territoriality Israelis are

multiethnic European, Middle Eastern, Newer Russian, Ethiopian immigrants Arab Israeli minority

14 Palestinians (in West Bank and Gaza Strip) Arab (ethnic)

Palestinians (in West Bank and Gaza Strip) Arab (ethnic)

territoriality Palestinians are multireligious Muslims and Christians Ethnic nationalist movement, but some newer Muslim groups

15 Types of territoriality
16 Water & Israels border

Water & Israels border

17 Palestinian autonomy, 2000 Gradual turnover of Israeli- Occupied areas

Palestinian autonomy, 2000 Gradual turnover of Israeli- Occupied areas

to Palestinians for Two-State Solution Plan collapsing as killings increase

18 Wall, Barrier or New Border

Wall, Barrier or New Border

Israelis: Security Barrier to keep bombers out of Israel. Palestinians: Wall isolates villages, cuts water access

19 Jerusalem: Holy City to Jews, Muslims, and Christians

Jerusalem: Holy City to Jews, Muslims, and Christians

20 Jerusalem West (Israeli); East (Arab) with Israeli settlements

Jerusalem West (Israeli); East (Arab) with Israeli settlements

21 Palestinian and Israeli propaganda maps

Palestinian and Israeli propaganda maps

Israeli map lumping together Arab states; depicting tiny defenseless Israel

Palestinian map without Israel

22 Cold War propaganda map: Red menace

Cold War propaganda map: Red menace

23 View of Communist Red Bloc during Cold War

View of Communist Red Bloc during Cold War

Lumping failed to recognize differences among Communists, or local causes of conflict

24 Types of territoriality
25 Clash of Civilizations theory

Clash of Civilizations theory

Samuel Huntington theory of Western, Islamic, Slavic, etc. blocs in conflict with each other.

26 Clash of Civilizations theory

Clash of Civilizations theory

Fails to recognize differences within each bloc. Most sources of conflict are local (often ethnic), not religious. Often blames the victim for the conflict. The West shares responsibility for conflicts (military aid arms both sides)

27 Lumping Arabs or Muslims after Sept

Lumping Arabs or Muslims after Sept

11

28 How Many Americans View the World

How Many Americans View the World

29 Cartoon: Bushs View of the World Problem: some former allies later

Cartoon: Bushs View of the World Problem: some former allies later

seen as evil

30 GEOPOLITICS

GEOPOLITICS

States power to control territory, shape international policy and other states foreign policy

31 Growth of Russian Empire

Growth of Russian Empire

32 Types of territoriality
33 Types of territoriality
34 African colonies

African colonies

35 Decolonization, 1940s-1990s

Decolonization, 1940s-1990s

36 Divide-and-conquer

Divide-and-conquer

Ethnic nations split between and within colonial empires (British, French, Russian) But clean ethnic boundaries also not possible

Berlin Conference divides map of Africa, 1884

37 Mackinders Heartland Theory (Whoever controls Pivot Area can control

Mackinders Heartland Theory (Whoever controls Pivot Area can control

the world) The Great Game between Britain and Russia, 1800s-1900s

38 Enlargement of Soviet bloc after World War II

Enlargement of Soviet bloc after World War II

Berlin Wall, 1961-89

39 NATO and Warsaw Pact, 1945-89

NATO and Warsaw Pact, 1945-89

40 Changes in Europe, 1990-93

Changes in Europe, 1990-93

41 North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), 2002

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), 2002

Kosovo military zones

42 European Union

European Union

euro

Began as European Economic Community (EEC), 1957. Stronger in 1994 10 new members to join, 2004

43 United Nations member states

United Nations member states

Switzerland 2002

44 Other international alliances

Other international alliances

Types of territoriality
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