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We are all in the gutter, but some of us are looking at the stars
We are all in the gutter, but some of us are looking at the stars
A BRIEF BIOGRAPHY
A BRIEF BIOGRAPHY
Wildes context
Wildes context
We are all in the gutter, but some of us are looking at the stars
We are all in the gutter, but some of us are looking at the stars
Science, medicine, art and writing were all changing
Science, medicine, art and writing were all changing
Some things were also static
Some things were also static
So what
So what
Key questions to ponder
Key questions to ponder
Remember A man who does not think for himself does not think at all
Remember A man who does not think for himself does not think at all
An idea that is not dangerous is unworthy of being called an idea at
An idea that is not dangerous is unworthy of being called an idea at
Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie, on October 16, 1854
Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie, on October 16, 1854
Oscar's mother, Jane Francesca Elgee, first gained attention in 1846
Oscar's mother, Jane Francesca Elgee, first gained attention in 1846
Before his marriage William Wilde fathered three children who he
Before his marriage William Wilde fathered three children who he
When she was ten Emily died from a sudden fever
When she was ten Emily died from a sudden fever
Oscar was an excellent student who excelled at school and at
Oscar was an excellent student who excelled at school and at
In 1786 William Wilde died suddenly and left his family in a difficult
In 1786 William Wilde died suddenly and left his family in a difficult
Oscar graduated with distinction from Oxford University and moved to
Oscar graduated with distinction from Oxford University and moved to
At University and in London Oscar had developed a reputation for being
At University and in London Oscar had developed a reputation for being
In 1884 Oscar married Constance Lloyd
In 1884 Oscar married Constance Lloyd
The next six years were to become the most creative period of his
The next six years were to become the most creative period of his
There is no such thing as a moral or an immoral book
There is no such thing as a moral or an immoral book
We are all in the gutter, but some of us are looking at the stars
We are all in the gutter, but some of us are looking at the stars
In 1891 Oscar met Lord Alfred Douglas also known as Bosie
In 1891 Oscar met Lord Alfred Douglas also known as Bosie
Deceiving others
Deceiving others
We are all in the gutter, but some of us are looking at the stars
We are all in the gutter, but some of us are looking at the stars
In 1885 Oscar sued the Marquis for libel as he had accused him of
In 1885 Oscar sued the Marquis for libel as he had accused him of
We are all in the gutter, but some of us are looking at the stars
We are all in the gutter, but some of us are looking at the stars
One of the many lessons that one learns in prison is, that things are
One of the many lessons that one learns in prison is, that things are
The time that Oscar spent in jail was psychologically and physically
The time that Oscar spent in jail was psychologically and physically
Alas, I am dying beyond my means
Alas, I am dying beyond my means
In 1900 Wilde died of meningitis
In 1900 Wilde died of meningitis
We are all in the gutter, but some of us are looking at the stars
We are all in the gutter, but some of us are looking at the stars
The Victorian era
The Victorian era

: We are all in the gutter, but some of us are looking at the stars. : Lynne Smith. : We are all in the gutter, but some of us are looking at the stars.ppt. zip-: 2083 .

We are all in the gutter, but some of us are looking at the stars

We are all in the gutter, but some of us are looking at the stars.ppt
1 We are all in the gutter, but some of us are looking at the stars

We are all in the gutter, but some of us are looking at the stars

2 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHY

A BRIEF BIOGRAPHY

OSCAR WILDE

3 Wildes context

Wildes context

Oscar Wilde lived in the United Kingdom during the Victorian era; the period where Queen Victoria ruled. This time is often believed to be a period of strictly conservative family values and prudery. Whilst it was certainly true that the traditional nuclear family was celebrated and upheld there were many elements of the Victorian period which were dynamic and progressive.

4 We are all in the gutter, but some of us are looking at the stars
5 Science, medicine, art and writing were all changing

Science, medicine, art and writing were all changing

It was the age of invention and life changed dramatically from one end of Queen Victorias reign to the other. The middle class was becoming more powerful challenging the power of the upper classes. For people living in Britain it was a largely peaceful era allowing people to focus on creating, designing and thinking.

6 Some things were also static

Some things were also static

Life was difficult if you were part of a minority and many people had attitudes that we would consider racist, sexist and homophobic. Class and social standing was still one of the defining aspect of a persons life.

7 So what

So what

????!!!!

Wildes life and writing reflects some of the changes and continuities of this era. So we need to consider Wildes writing within the context of the Victorian era and in terms of his own experiences as well as considering his chosen genres.

8 Key questions to ponder

Key questions to ponder

How do you think original audiences and readers would have reacted to Wildes writing and life? How do we react? What do modern directors celebrate and/or reject about Wildes writing and life?

9 Remember A man who does not think for himself does not think at all

Remember A man who does not think for himself does not think at all

10 An idea that is not dangerous is unworthy of being called an idea at

An idea that is not dangerous is unworthy of being called an idea at

all.

11 Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie, on October 16, 1854

Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie, on October 16, 1854

Oscars parents were both prominent figures in Irish society. His father, William Wilde, was an eye specialist who was knighted for his work. He believed that it was important that the citys poor should be able to access medical attention so he funded and opened a free eye and ear hospital.

12 Oscar's mother, Jane Francesca Elgee, first gained attention in 1846

Oscar's mother, Jane Francesca Elgee, first gained attention in 1846

when she began writing revolutionary poems under the pseudonym "Speranza" for a weekly Irish newspaper, The Nation. In 1848 the newspaper offices were raided and had to close.

13 Before his marriage William Wilde fathered three children who he

Before his marriage William Wilde fathered three children who he

continued to support after he married Jane Elgee. Oscars parents also had another, older, son William and a daughter Isola.

14 When she was ten Emily died from a sudden fever

When she was ten Emily died from a sudden fever

Oscar was grief stricken and for the rest of his life he carried a lock of her hair sealed in a decorated envelope.

15 Oscar was an excellent student who excelled at school and at

Oscar was an excellent student who excelled at school and at

University. He attended Trinity College in Dublin and in 1874 won a scholarship to Oxford University in England.

16 In 1786 William Wilde died suddenly and left his family in a difficult

In 1786 William Wilde died suddenly and left his family in a difficult

financial state. Williams eldest son, Henry, supported the family.

17 Oscar graduated with distinction from Oxford University and moved to

Oscar graduated with distinction from Oxford University and moved to

London where he shared a house with Frank Milne; a portrait painter. In 1881 Oscar published his first collection of poetry: Poems.

18 At University and in London Oscar had developed a reputation for being

At University and in London Oscar had developed a reputation for being

both a witty speaker and a connoisseur of good taste, aesthetics and intellectual pursuits. He went on a lecture tour of the United States speaking on Aesthetics. He was on the tour for almost a year and gave 140 lectures in 260 days.

19 In 1884 Oscar married Constance Lloyd

In 1884 Oscar married Constance Lloyd

Constance was also very well educated and outspoken. Oscar and Constance had two sons: Cyril and Vyvyan. To support his family Oscar took on the role of editing of Womens World for two years.

20 The next six years were to become the most creative period of his

The next six years were to become the most creative period of his

life. He published two collections of children's stories, The Happy Prince and Other Tales (1888), and The House of Pomegranates (1892). His first and only novel, The Picture of Dorian Gray, was published in an American magazine in 1890 to a storm of critical protest. He expanded the story and had it published in book form the following year. Its implied homoerotic theme was considered very immoral by the Victorians and played a considerable part in his later legal trials. Oscar's first play, Lady Windermere's Fan, opened in February 1892. Its financial and critical success prompted him to continue to write for the theater. His subsequent plays included A Woman of No Importance (1893), An Ideal Husband (1895), and The Importance of Being Earnest (1895). These plays were all highly acclaimed and firmly established Oscar as a playwright. http://www.cmgww.com/historic/wilde/bio3.htm

21 There is no such thing as a moral or an immoral book

There is no such thing as a moral or an immoral book

Books are well written, or badly written.

Plate from Salome Aubrey Beardsley

22 We are all in the gutter, but some of us are looking at the stars
23 In 1891 Oscar met Lord Alfred Douglas also known as Bosie

In 1891 Oscar met Lord Alfred Douglas also known as Bosie

Bosie and Oscar began a relationship that lasted for four years. Bosies father was the Marquis of Queensbury who took offence at his sons relationship and called Oscar a somdomnite meaning sodomnite.

24 Deceiving others

Deceiving others

That is what the world calls a romance.

25 We are all in the gutter, but some of us are looking at the stars
26 In 1885 Oscar sued the Marquis for libel as he had accused him of

In 1885 Oscar sued the Marquis for libel as he had accused him of

homosexuality. He later withdrew the charge. However, based on the evidence presented to the court he was charged with gross indecency and found guilty. Oscar was sentenced to two years hard labour.

27 We are all in the gutter, but some of us are looking at the stars
28 One of the many lessons that one learns in prison is, that things are

One of the many lessons that one learns in prison is, that things are

what they are and will be what they will be.

29 The time that Oscar spent in jail was psychologically and physically

The time that Oscar spent in jail was psychologically and physically

demanding and his health was ruined. Constance moved to Switzerland with the children after the trial and changed her name. She died in 1898.

30 Alas, I am dying beyond my means

Alas, I am dying beyond my means

In 1898 Oscar also published the Ballad of Reading Goal. He briefly rekindled his relationship with Bosie but largely spent the last three years of his life living at friends houses across Europe.

31 In 1900 Wilde died of meningitis

In 1900 Wilde died of meningitis

32 We are all in the gutter, but some of us are looking at the stars
33 The Victorian era

The Victorian era

http://www.victorianweb.org/vn/victor4.html

We are all in the gutter, but some of us are looking at the stars
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