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America in World History Week 4
America in World History Week 4
Western America: Rivers to Oceans
Western America: Rivers to Oceans
Lecture Objectives:
Lecture Objectives:
Westward ho
Westward ho
America in World History Week 4
America in World History Week 4
Nootka
Nootka
Figure 1: The Pacific Basin, including many of the islands and
Figure 1: The Pacific Basin, including many of the islands and
America in World History Week 4
America in World History Week 4
Russian expansion: Vitus Bering 1741
Russian expansion: Vitus Bering 1741
Russian Fur Trade
Russian Fur Trade
Voyages of Science & Discovery
Voyages of Science & Discovery
China Trade; The Force of Fashion
China Trade; The Force of Fashion
Pacific-Bound Yankee Traders
Pacific-Bound Yankee Traders
Figure 4: By the 1820s, Alta California was a central part of trading
Figure 4: By the 1820s, Alta California was a central part of trading
The Raincoast:Nootka Sound
The Raincoast:Nootka Sound
Fashionable Furs= $ $= Fashion/Utility
Fashionable Furs= $ $= Fashion/Utility
Hawaii: The Pacifics Great Caravansary
Hawaii: The Pacifics Great Caravansary
America in World History Week 4
America in World History Week 4
Suggested Readings
Suggested Readings
Presented by the University of California Santa Cruz America in World
Presented by the University of California Santa Cruz America in World

: America in World History Week 4. : Natale Zappia. : America in World History Week 4.ppt. zip-: 6901 .

America in World History Week 4

America in World History Week 4.ppt
1 America in World History Week 4

America in World History Week 4

Weekly Theme: From Rivers to Oceans Slaves, Horses, and Furs Trade on the Frontiers 1700-1800

2 Western America: Rivers to Oceans

Western America: Rivers to Oceans

Lecture: Pacific Coast Otter Pelts to China: The 2nd American Fur Trade

3 Lecture Objectives:

Lecture Objectives:

Introduce the 18th/19th Century Pacific Northwest-Hawaii-China Fur trade Role of Pacific Rim and its native peoples in American History Western US history as multi-regional and international

4 Westward ho

Westward ho

or eastern Pacific?

5 America in World History Week 4
6 Nootka

Nootka

Nootka

Facsimile of Louisiana by Samuel Lewis from ?Aaron Arrowsmith and Samuel Lewis atlas: A new and elegant general atlas, comprising all the new discoveries to the present time

7 Figure 1: The Pacific Basin, including many of the islands and

Figure 1: The Pacific Basin, including many of the islands and

mainland ports that became active sites of international trade in the early nineteenth century. Adapted from Arrell Morgan Gibson, Yankees in Paradise: The Pacific Basin Frontier (Albuquerque, 1993). Courtesy of University of New Mexico Press.

8 America in World History Week 4
9 Russian expansion: Vitus Bering 1741

Russian expansion: Vitus Bering 1741

10 Russian Fur Trade

Russian Fur Trade

Promyshlenniki (Fur traders) Exploited Siberian labor Supplied by Tribute via use of Hostages and Violence Methods applied to Aleuts Aleutian Population decreased: Violence and Disease 20,000 to 2,000 (1800) Kodiak Island 1784, Fort Ross 1812

11 Voyages of Science & Discovery

Voyages of Science & Discovery

Cook

Britain: Cook 1768-1780 France: La Perouse 1785-1788 Spain: Alejandro Malaspina 1789-1794 USA Lewis and Clark 1804-1806

12 China Trade; The Force of Fashion

China Trade; The Force of Fashion

Furs prized by Manchu nobility. Fashionable as belts, capes, trim on silk robes. Fur as badge of distinction? soft gold. Otter Pelts brought by Cook Expedition worth $120 each in China 1779

sea otter (Enhydra lutris)

13 Pacific-Bound Yankee Traders

Pacific-Bound Yankee Traders

Cook accounts published 1783/1784 Columbia Rediviva embarking from Boston 1787 and in Pacific NW By 1800, 100 US ships anchored in Canton

14 Figure 4: By the 1820s, Alta California was a central part of trading

Figure 4: By the 1820s, Alta California was a central part of trading

networks throughout the eastern Pacific Basin and across the ocean to Canton. This map shows the frequency of different destinations based on ships that stopped in Alta California. Adapted from Gibson, Yankees in Paradise. Courtesy of University of New Mexico Press.

15 The Raincoast:Nootka Sound

The Raincoast:Nootka Sound

Tlingit, Haida, Tsimshian, Nootka, Kwakiutl, Chinook Trade networks coastal and interior. Maquinnas Potlatch 1803: 200 muskets, 200 yards cloth, 100 shirts, 100 looking glasses, 7 barrels of gunpowder

16 Fashionable Furs= $ $= Fashion/Utility

Fashionable Furs= $ $= Fashion/Utility

Tlingit Armor vest of caribou skin covered with Chinese coins

17 Hawaii: The Pacifics Great Caravansary

Hawaii: The Pacifics Great Caravansary

Center of Northwest-Canton Fur trade Supply nexus Kamehameha and Hawaiian Arms Race: Islands united in 1810. 1806- 15 vessels, including three-masters, brigs, and cutters 1808- more than 30 ships, most under 40 tons, built in Hawaii

18 America in World History Week 4
19 Suggested Readings

Suggested Readings

Alan Taylor, American Colonies (Chapter 19, The Pacific 1760-1820). Eric Wolf, Europe and the People Without History (Chapter 6, The Fur Trade). Colin Calloway, One Vast Winter Count: The Native American West Before Lewis and Clark (pp. 395-415). Wade Graham, Traffick According to Their Own Caprice: trade and biological exchange in the making of the Pacific World, 1766-1825 David Igler, Diseased Goods: Global Exchanges in the Eastern Pacific Basin, 17701850 American Historical Review 109 (June 2004): 693-719.

20 Presented by the University of California Santa Cruz America in World

Presented by the University of California Santa Cruz America in World

History Group

Sample Lecture prepared by: Natale Zappia with Anders Otterness

America in World History Week 4
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