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ANCIENT CHINA
ANCIENT CHINA
1. What is meant when historians say that China is the worlds oldest
1. What is meant when historians say that China is the worlds oldest
China is a country in Asia
China is a country in Asia
China is broken into provinces, instead of states
China is broken into provinces, instead of states
ANCIENT CHINA
ANCIENT CHINA
DO NOW: 4/3/09 China
DO NOW: 4/3/09 China
Geography affects civilization
Geography affects civilization
ANCIENT CHINA
ANCIENT CHINA
* Where did Chinese civilization begin
* Where did Chinese civilization begin
Chinas earliest civilization began along its rivers
Chinas earliest civilization began along its rivers
Climate & Landforms affect China
Climate & Landforms affect China
ANCIENT CHINA
ANCIENT CHINA
Objectives
Objectives
Monsoon
Monsoon
Huang River (Yellow River/ Chinas Sorrow)
Huang River (Yellow River/ Chinas Sorrow)
Loess
Loess
Dike
Dike
What did the Chinese do to control flooding
What did the Chinese do to control flooding
The geography and climate of China are part of what helps us to
The geography and climate of China are part of what helps us to
Objective
Objective
Family/ Extended Family
Family/ Extended Family
Oldest Chinese Male
Oldest Chinese Male
Chinese Women
Chinese Women
Family Names
Family Names
What factors determined a persons status within early Chinese
What factors determined a persons status within early Chinese
Dynastic Cycle
Dynastic Cycle
ANCIENT CHINA
ANCIENT CHINA
Learn the Chinese Dynasty Song
Learn the Chinese Dynasty Song
XIA DYNASTY
XIA DYNASTY
ANCIENT CHINA
ANCIENT CHINA
Mandate of Heaven
Mandate of Heaven
Shang Dynasty
Shang Dynasty
Shang Dynasty
Shang Dynasty
Shang Dynasty
Shang Dynasty
Shang Dynasty
Shang Dynasty
Based on what you learned today, draw two artifacts that may have come
Based on what you learned today, draw two artifacts that may have come
Review
Review
ANCIENT CHINA
ANCIENT CHINA
Losing the Mandate of Heaven
Losing the Mandate of Heaven
Zhou Dynasty
Zhou Dynasty
ANCIENT CHINA
ANCIENT CHINA
What was at the center of early Chinese society- considered to be more
What was at the center of early Chinese society- considered to be more
THE FAMILY
THE FAMILY

: ANCIENT CHINA. : anyone. : ANCIENT CHINA.ppt. zip-: 2508 .

ANCIENT CHINA

ANCIENT CHINA.ppt
1 ANCIENT CHINA

ANCIENT CHINA

2 1. What is meant when historians say that China is the worlds oldest

1. What is meant when historians say that China is the worlds oldest

continuous civilization? 2. How is Chinese history organized? 3. Name some of the goods traded along Chinas Silk Road. 4. Who was Chinas most famous scholar and what did he teach? What was life like for a boy in ancient China? For a girl?

Ancient China VIDEO QUESTIONS:

3 China is a country in Asia

China is a country in Asia

4 China is broken into provinces, instead of states

China is broken into provinces, instead of states

s

Tajikistan

Afghanistan

5 ANCIENT CHINA
6 DO NOW: 4/3/09 China

DO NOW: 4/3/09 China

Based on the data provided for last nights homework, choose the region(s) in China where you think Chinese civilization may have begun and explain your choice! Dont forget to consider elevation.

7 Geography affects civilization

Geography affects civilization

Mountains & Seas separated China from other lands, so they knew little of the rest of the world

8 ANCIENT CHINA
9 * Where did Chinese civilization begin

* Where did Chinese civilization begin

* Where do MOST people in China live today?

10 Chinas earliest civilization began along its rivers

Chinas earliest civilization began along its rivers

Each spring, rivers overflowed, depositing rich soil by the river valleys- Civilization began on the Huang (Yellow) River and spread south to the Chang, (Yangtze) the longest river

Sea level along the coasts, but the further west you travel, the higher the elevation and the harder it is to farm!

11 Climate & Landforms affect China

Climate & Landforms affect China

North China Plain Brief, summer rainy season caused by monsoon winds mostly a dry climate, but some grain crops like millet could be grown

Southeast (Along the Huang & Chang, by Chinas coast) Warm and wet climate Monsoons from the South China Sea bring heavy rains March-Sept and light rains the rest of the year

12 ANCIENT CHINA
13 Objectives

Objectives

Examine the geography of ancient China Find out about early civilizations in China. Learn about the importance of family ties in early Chinese society.

14 Monsoon

Monsoon

Seasonal winds that bring dry and wet seasons.

In Northern China - Monsoon winds bring a brief, but intense summer rainy season. The rest of the year it is mostly dry. In Southern China - Monsoon winds from the South China Sea bring heavy rains from March to September. Light rains fall the rest of the year.

15 Huang River (Yellow River/ Chinas Sorrow)

Huang River (Yellow River/ Chinas Sorrow)

Chinas first civilization began along this river. It is the second longest river in China & muddiest river in the world.

Yellow River- called this because of the yellow- brown soil in its waters.

Chinas Sorrow-called this because destructive floods killed many and ruined lands.

16 Loess

Loess

It is yellow-brown soil that is very fertile.

(Loess Plateau in China)

17 Dike

Dike

A dike is a protective wall that holds back the waters to help control flooding.

18 What did the Chinese do to control flooding

What did the Chinese do to control flooding

They built dikes along the banks of the Huang river.

19 The geography and climate of China are part of what helps us to

The geography and climate of China are part of what helps us to

understand the Ancient Chinese. We need to look to THEIR CULTURE as well! JOURNAL ENTRY: How would you rank the following in order of the one you think should have THE MOST authority to the one you think should have THE LEAST: Brother, 10 yrs. Old Sister, 15 yrs. old Mom Grandfather Brother, 18 yrs. Old Dad Grandmother

5.1- Geography of Ancient China

20 Objective

Objective

Learn about the importance of family ties in early Chinese society. Define Dynasty and explain how the dynastic cycle in China worked

21 Family/ Extended Family

Family/ Extended Family

Chinese households might contain 5 generations living together at one time.

(Uncles, aunts, cousins, grandparents, sisters, brothers, etc.)=EXTENDED FAMILY

22 Oldest Chinese Male

Oldest Chinese Male

If oldest male died, his lands were divided among the sons who would start their own household.

23 Chinese Women

Chinese Women

Four virtues guided womens behavior

1.) morality 2.) modesty 3.) proper speech 4.) domestic skills

24 Family Names

Family Names

THIS SHOWS HOW IMPORTANT THE FAMILY WAS IN CHINA! This tradition dates back to Chinas earliest times.

What would your name be if you lived in China?

25 What factors determined a persons status within early Chinese

What factors determined a persons status within early Chinese

families?

26 Dynastic Cycle

Dynastic Cycle

Dynasty= Ruling Family Dynastic Cycle= Rise and fall of different Chinese Dynasties

27 ANCIENT CHINA
28 Learn the Chinese Dynasty Song

Learn the Chinese Dynasty Song

Xia, Shang Zhou Qin, Han, Sui, Chinese Dynasty, Chinese Dynasty, Then came the Golden Age, Tang & Song, Til Mongols showed up with Kubilai Kahn, On horses Yuan came and took oer the land, Til Ming and Ching, Ming and Ching.

29 XIA DYNASTY

XIA DYNASTY

A legendary dynasty, there is little evidence of its existence Developed in the Huang Valley around 5,000 BC The Xia were likely nomads who wandered from place to place, hunting and gathering.

30 ANCIENT CHINA
31 Mandate of Heaven

Mandate of Heaven

A Chinese BELIEF that rulers came to power because it was their destiny, or fate. This Mandate supported a leaders right to rule his people. It also gave a father authority over his family.

32 Shang Dynasty

Shang Dynasty

The first RECORDED civilization in China beginning around 1760B.C.

Accomplishments of the Shang:

1) built the first cities. (walled cities were built for kings and warriors)

2) Produced bronze work-(tin + copper = bronze)

3) Made the first Chinese writing system

Read the play about the Shang Dynasty to find out more!

33 Shang Dynasty

Shang Dynasty

Why was King Jie of the Xia dynasty overthrown? He was a corrupt tyrant; the Chinese believed that Heaven chose leaders to rule them (mandate/law of Heaven), and if a leader became corrupt, he mustve lost Heavens approval

2) Were the Shang people monotheistic or polytheistic? How do you know? They are polytheistic (believe in many gods); they worshipped all of their ancestors

5.1- Geography of Ancient China

34 Shang Dynasty

Shang Dynasty

3) What kinds of materials did the Shang use to write on? Silk, Bamboo, Bronze, & Oracle bones (read by diviners who communicated with ancestors; they believed their ancestors would give them the answers)

4) Soong states that many valuable articles will be buried with Fu Hou. What does this tell us about the beliefs of the Shang? They believed in an afterlife- buried their dead with possessions, weapons, animals, and even live people (human sacrifices) so they could accompany them in the afterlife!

5.1- Geography of Ancient China

35 Shang Dynasty

Shang Dynasty

Arose around 1760 BC Invented Bronze Created the first writing system Polytheistic, but highest god was Shang Di Used Oracle Bones to help predict the future Believed in an afterlife where you could take your possessions with you

36 Based on what you learned today, draw two artifacts that may have come

Based on what you learned today, draw two artifacts that may have come

from the Shang dynasty. At the bottom of the worksheet, explain what each artifact tells us about the Shang people.

5.1- Geography of Ancient China

37 Review

Review

Learn how to use yet another discovery of the Shang people: CHOPSTICKS!

What are two artifacts that may have come from the Shang dynasty? Explain what each artifact tells us about the Shang people.

5.1- Geography of Ancient China

38 ANCIENT CHINA
39 Losing the Mandate of Heaven

Losing the Mandate of Heaven

The last Shang king committed suicide when he was defeated by the Zhou people; it was believed that the Shang had lost the Mandate of Heaven and the Zhou had gained it!

40 Zhou Dynasty

Zhou Dynasty

Lived in the Wei Valley (West of the Shang) and conquered them in 1122 BC Believed in Tian (Heaven) Believed Tian granted rulers the Mandate of Heaven

41 ANCIENT CHINA
42 What was at the center of early Chinese society- considered to be more

What was at the center of early Chinese society- considered to be more

important than the individual OR the nation?!?!

43 THE FAMILY

THE FAMILY

ANCIENT CHINA
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