<<  Application form ARCNET Token Ring Ethernet FDDI Fast Ethernet 100VG-AnyLAN Gigabit Ethernet  >>
Archetypes in Literature
Archetypes in Literature
Definition of Archetype
Definition of Archetype
Definition of Motif
Definition of Motif
So whats the difference
So whats the difference
Examples of Archetypes
Examples of Archetypes
Mother Figure
Mother Figure
Examples
Examples
The Great Teacher/Mentor
The Great Teacher/Mentor
The Innocent
The Innocent
Double
Double
The Sacrificial Redeemer
The Sacrificial Redeemer
Scapegoat/Sacrificial Victim
Scapegoat/Sacrificial Victim
Enchantress/Temptress
Enchantress/Temptress
Villain
Villain
Trickster
Trickster
Evil Figure
Evil Figure
Settings
Settings
Forest
Forest
Tree
Tree
Caves and Tunnels
Caves and Tunnels
Mountains and Peaks
Mountains and Peaks
The River
The River
The Sea
The Sea
Fountain
Fountain
Islands
Islands
Actions/Events
Actions/Events
Rites of Initiation
Rites of Initiation
Parental Conflict and Relationships
Parental Conflict and Relationships
Coming of age
Coming of age
Sleep
Sleep
Sacrificial Rites
Sacrificial Rites
The Test or Trial
The Test or Trial
Birth/Death and Rebirth
Birth/Death and Rebirth
The Fall: Expulsion from Eden
The Fall: Expulsion from Eden
Annihilation/Absurdity/Total Oblivion
Annihilation/Absurdity/Total Oblivion
Works Cited
Works Cited

: Archetypes in Literature. : Kaitlyn. : Archetypes in Literature.ppt. zip-: 2696 .

Archetypes in Literature

Archetypes in Literature.ppt
1 Archetypes in Literature

Archetypes in Literature

World Literature

2 Definition of Archetype

Definition of Archetype

A recurrent narrative design, pattern of action, character type, themes or image which is identifiable in a wide variety of works of literature. An archetype is the first real example or prototype of something (as the Model T is the prototype of the modern automobile). In this sense an archetype can be considered the ideal model, the supreme type or the perfect image of something (Brunel 111-112, 114).

3 Definition of Motif

Definition of Motif

An event, device reference or formula which occurs frequently in works of literature. Floral Motif

4 So whats the difference

So whats the difference

The differences are minimal. Often the words are used interchangeably. An archetype is described as a recurring symbol, theme, character, or setting in multiple works. It's something that's appeared in literature so often that it's very recognizable. For example, an archetypical theme is "love conquers all." Where have we *not* seen that before? An archetypical plot structure is the infamous love triangle. A motif, though, is a recurring contrast, structure, or literary device that comes back in different forms. In Lord of the Flies, the beasties are symbols which are used as motifs which represents fear, but it comes in different forms.

5 Examples of Archetypes

Examples of Archetypes

Characters Hero (think of the classic hero journey & qualities of hero) The main character leaves his or her community to go on an adventure, performing deeds that bring honor to the community (Herz and Gallo 121). The courageous figure, the one whos always running in and saving the day. Dartagnan from Three Musketeers John Wayne in most of his movies Hercules

6 Mother Figure

Mother Figure

Fairy Godmother (surrogate mother) comforts and directs child, especially when he or she is confused and needs guidance. Represents powers that can be called on for help when it is needed. Helps young person to solve own problems (Knapp 71). Earth Mother This character is symbolic of fulfillment, abundance, and fertility; offers spiritual and emotional nourishment to those who she contacts; often depicted in earth colors, with large breasts and hips Stepmother

7 Examples

Examples

Fairy tales characters such as the stepmother in Cinderella, fairy godmothers, Mother Goose, Little Red Riding Hood, Briar Rose, Pocahontas Mythology: Persephone, Demeter, Hercate, Gorgon, Medusa Literature: Gladriel from Lord of the Rings, Glinda from the Wizard of Oz, Dantes Beatrice, Faulkners Light in August, Woolfs To the Lighthouse Movies: the Dad in Mr. Mom, the mother in Flowers in the Attic, Ripley with Newt in Aliens

8 The Great Teacher/Mentor

The Great Teacher/Mentor

Wise old men/women protects or helps main character when he or she faces challenges. Sometimes they work as role models and often serve as father or mother figure. They teach by example the skills necessary to survive the journey and quest. Examples Obi Wan Kenobi Rafiki

9 The Innocent

The Innocent

Child/Youth Inexperienced adult The innocent, fearing abandonment, seeks safety. Their greatest strength is their trust and optimism that endears them to others and so gain help and support on their quest. Their main danger is that they may be blind to their obvious weaknesses or deny them. They also may become dependent on others to fulfill their heroic task. Frodo Lord of the Rings

10 Double

Double

Doppelganger It is the double or mirroring or split personality or good/evil It is the duplicate of an individual or part of a divided individual Versions of the doppelganger are found in dreams, myths, rituals of primitive people, folklore and literature and other art forms Can have many names including the Other, the alter ego, the second self Examples Frankenstein Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde

11 The Sacrificial Redeemer

The Sacrificial Redeemer

The protagonist is willing to die for his or her beliefs; the main character maintains a strong sense of morality (Herz and Gallo 123). Embodiment of divine power and being sent on a mission to save humanity. Jesus Christ Erin Brockovich

12 Scapegoat/Sacrificial Victim

Scapegoat/Sacrificial Victim

The one who gets blamed for everything, regardless of whether he or she is at fault. Snowball from George Orwells Animal Farm Hassan

13 Enchantress/Temptress

Enchantress/Temptress

Characterized by sensuous beauty, this woman is one to whom the protagonist is physically attracted and who ultimately brings about his downfall. May appear as a witch or vampire . The Sirens in Mythology Mystique from X-Men Elektra King from James Bond The World is Not Enough

14 Villain

Villain

Wolf Antagonist Bad Guy Examples: Cruella DeVille

15 Trickster

Trickster

A trickster is a god, goddess, spirit, man, woman, or anthropomorphic animal who plays tricks or otherwise disobeys normal rules and conventional behavior. Loki Coyote

16 Evil Figure

Evil Figure

The Devil or Serpent This character represents evil incarnate. He or she may offer worldly goods, fame, or knowledge to the protagonist in exchange for possession of the soul or integrity. This figures main aim is to oppose the hero in his or her quest. Voldemort

17 Settings

Settings

Garden Cultivated and carefully planned. Restricted to certain vegetation

18 Forest

Forest

Habitat of the Great Mother (Mother Nature), the lunar force. Fertility. The vegetation and animals flourish in this green world because of the sustaining power of the Great Mother. Symbolically the primitive levels of the feminine psyche, protective and sheltering.

Those who enter often lose their direction or rational outlook and thus tap into their collective unconscious. This unregulated space is opposite of the cultivated gardens, which are carefully planned and are restricted to certain vegetation.

19 Tree

Tree

Represents life and knowledge

20 Caves and Tunnels

Caves and Tunnels

Deep down where character delves into self Place that character goes when invisible or inactive At the extreme may signify death

21 Mountains and Peaks

Mountains and Peaks

Highest peak is place to see far Place to gain great insight

22 The River

The River

Crossing river may symbolize new territory Rivers can be boundaries or borders and on the other side is something new or different May represent human life or time passing as we follow the river from its sourt to its mouth

23 The Sea

The Sea

Vast, alien, dangerous, chaos Waves may symbolize measures of time and represent eternity or infinity

24 Fountain

Fountain

Stands for purification; the sprinkling of water (baptism) washes away sin. Water of fountain gives new life (Knapp 32).

25 Islands

Islands

Microcosms or small worlds unto themselves Represent isolation or get-a-ways

26 Actions/Events

Actions/Events

Journey The protagonist takes a journey, usually physical but sometimes emotional, during which he or she learns something about himself or herself or finds meaning in his or her life as well as acceptance in a community (Herz and Gallo 112). Linear Circular Quests Quest for material wealth Quest for security, as a secure place to live Quest for kin Quest for global good, such as when a kingdom is threatened Quest for self, for self-identity or self-assurance

27 Rites of Initiation

Rites of Initiation

This is the process by which a character is brought into another sphere of influence, usually into adulthood.

28 Parental Conflict and Relationships

Parental Conflict and Relationships

The protagonist deals with parental conflict by rejecting or bonding with parents (Herz and Gallo 117).

29 Coming of age

Coming of age

30 Sleep

Sleep

Crucial for physical and/or psychological healing. During dreams, person can grow. Person can fantasize freely in sleep. A transitional and beneficial period. In dream sphere can descend to the sphere of the Great Mother. Person awakens with a greater understanding of human nature (Knapp 88).

31 Sacrificial Rites

Sacrificial Rites

32 The Test or Trial

The Test or Trial

In the transition from one stage of life to another, the main character experiences a rite of ppassage through growth and change; he or she experiences a transformation (Herz and Gallo 115).

33 Birth/Death and Rebirth

Birth/Death and Rebirth

Through pain and suffering the character overcomes feelings of despair, and through a process of self-realization is reborn (Herz and Gallo 110).

34 The Fall: Expulsion from Eden

The Fall: Expulsion from Eden

the main character is expelled because of an unacceptable action on his or her part (Herz and Gallo 111).

35 Annihilation/Absurdity/Total Oblivion

Annihilation/Absurdity/Total Oblivion

In order to exist in an intolerable world, the main character accepts that life is absurd, ridiculous, and ironic (Herz and Gallo 116).

36 Works Cited

Works Cited

Brunel, Pierre. Companion to Literary Myths, Heroes and Archetypes. New York: Routledge, 1992. Franz, Marie-Louise von. Archetypal Patterns in Fairy Tales. Toronto: Inner City, 1997. Herz, Sarah K., and Donald R. Gallo. From Hinton to Hamlet: Building Bridges Between Young Adult Literature and the Classics. 2nd ed. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 2005.

Archetypes in Literature
http://900igr.net/prezentacija/bez_uroka/archetypes-in-literature-241813.html
c

23688

1
900igr.net > > > Archetypes in Literature