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Athenian Festivals Oschophoria (autumn)
Athenian Festivals Oschophoria (autumn)
THE RURAL DIONYSIA
THE RURAL DIONYSIA
Rural Dyonisia Month Poseidon (December)
Rural Dyonisia Month Poseidon (December)
Athenian Festivals Oschophoria (autumn)
Athenian Festivals Oschophoria (autumn)
Athenian Festivals Oschophoria (autumn)
Athenian Festivals Oschophoria (autumn)
THE LENAIA
THE LENAIA
Lenaia - 12th of Gamelion (January- month of marriage)
Lenaia - 12th of Gamelion (January- month of marriage)
Athenian Festivals Oschophoria (autumn)
Athenian Festivals Oschophoria (autumn)
Athenian Festivals Oschophoria (autumn)
Athenian Festivals Oschophoria (autumn)
Athenian Festivals Oschophoria (autumn)
Athenian Festivals Oschophoria (autumn)
Athenian Festivals Oschophoria (autumn)
Athenian Festivals Oschophoria (autumn)
c 520 BCE
c 520 BCE
Older Dionysia - February
Older Dionysia - February
Pithoigia ("Opening of the Wine-Jars")
Pithoigia ("Opening of the Wine-Jars")
Day 1: 11th February
Day 1: 11th February
Procession
Procession
Athenian Festivals Oschophoria (autumn)
Athenian Festivals Oschophoria (autumn)
Choes ("Pitchers")
Choes ("Pitchers")
Second day: 12 Febr
Second day: 12 Febr
Contests: Dithyrambs
Contests: Dithyrambs
Arion and Dithirambos
Arion and Dithirambos
Antioch (Roman) mosaic, ca 250-300 AD
Antioch (Roman) mosaic, ca 250-300 AD
Athenian Festivals Oschophoria (autumn)
Athenian Festivals Oschophoria (autumn)
Chytroi ("Cooking-Pots")
Chytroi ("Cooking-Pots")
Day 3: 13 of February
Day 3: 13 of February
Arrival of Dionysos the groom
Arrival of Dionysos the groom
Aiora Swinging Myth
Aiora Swinging Myth
Swinging festival
Swinging festival
Floor mosaics from the late 2nd century House of Dionysos
Floor mosaics from the late 2nd century House of Dionysos
Athenian Festivals Oschophoria (autumn)
Athenian Festivals Oschophoria (autumn)
Aiora ("Swinging")
Aiora ("Swinging")
Athenian Festivals Oschophoria (autumn)
Athenian Festivals Oschophoria (autumn)
Al?tis
Al?tis
Other rites
Other rites
City or Great Dionisia 9th-13th of March
City or Great Dionisia 9th-13th of March
Great Dionysia
Great Dionysia
Komos
Komos
Athenian Festivals Oschophoria (autumn)
Athenian Festivals Oschophoria (autumn)
Athenian Festivals Oschophoria (autumn)
Athenian Festivals Oschophoria (autumn)
Athenian Festivals Oschophoria (autumn)
Athenian Festivals Oschophoria (autumn)
Athenian Festivals Oschophoria (autumn)
Athenian Festivals Oschophoria (autumn)
offering to Dionysus (Attic votive relief) c. 400 B.C.E. (Athens:
offering to Dionysus (Attic votive relief) c. 400 B.C.E. (Athens:
Athenian Festivals Oschophoria (autumn)
Athenian Festivals Oschophoria (autumn)
Lord of Chorus
Lord of Chorus
Athenian Festivals Oschophoria (autumn)
Athenian Festivals Oschophoria (autumn)

Презентация на тему: «Athenian Festivals Oschophoria (autumn)». Автор: Anna. Файл: «Athenian Festivals Oschophoria (autumn).ppt». Размер zip-архива: 2308 КБ.

Athenian Festivals Oschophoria (autumn)

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1 Athenian Festivals Oschophoria (autumn)

Athenian Festivals Oschophoria (autumn)

Oschophoria "carring of the vine-branches" October (7th Pynanopsion, the month of the bean porridge, sacred to Apollo) the grapes were harvested and pressed 2 Noble men in women's clothes songs, dances (cheerful and sad)

2 THE RURAL DIONYSIA

THE RURAL DIONYSIA

3 Rural Dyonisia Month Poseidon (December)

Rural Dyonisia Month Poseidon (December)

various villages first wine (still not fermented), mixed with water of springs (nymphs) procession of the phallos noble lady – basket-bearer sacrifice of the goat (dangerous for a guilty who didn't know his blame), boiled (maturation)

4 Athenian Festivals Oschophoria (autumn)
5 Athenian Festivals Oschophoria (autumn)
6 THE LENAIA

THE LENAIA

7 Lenaia - 12th of Gamelion (January- month of marriage)

Lenaia - 12th of Gamelion (January- month of marriage)

coldest month: the wine needs cold in its cleaning process festival of the maenads mask atop a wooden column Thiades at mount Parnassos To wake up Dionysus from the cold of the winter (the spring is coming) in Athens: sanctuary of Lenaion (near the marshes) tragedies and comedies

8 Athenian Festivals Oschophoria (autumn)
9 Athenian Festivals Oschophoria (autumn)
10 Athenian Festivals Oschophoria (autumn)
11 Athenian Festivals Oschophoria (autumn)
12 c 520 BCE

c 520 BCE

13 Older Dionysia - February

Older Dionysia - February

11, 12 and 13 of Anthesterion (February, "month of flowers") Second pruning of the vines and second fermentation of the wine all the people, slaves included, tasted the wine 14 Geirai in 14 temples 14 secret objects in 14 crates in 14 shrines Temple Lenaion

14 Pithoigia ("Opening of the Wine-Jars")

Pithoigia ("Opening of the Wine-Jars")

15 Day 1: 11th February

Day 1: 11th February

Opening of the Wine-Jars Opening of the Mundus (underground) From the Underground came also Dionysos "Now there are flowers!" Ghost of the dead roam the earth: the souls are thirsty of wine

16 Procession

Procession

Procession in which Dionysos was brought to Athens in a model of ship mounted ona cart.

17 Athenian Festivals Oschophoria (autumn)
18 Choes ("Pitchers")

Choes ("Pitchers")

Winner of the drinking contest

19 Second day: 12 Febr

Second day: 12 Febr

"Pitchers". Everyone (also children), had a jug from which they could pour wine to drink Children of 3 years were crowned with flowers, given little jug, toys and pets, enrolled in the Phratria (order) The child symbolized the little Dionysus

20 Contests: Dithyrambs

Contests: Dithyrambs

Official drinking contest: a full wineskin as a prize! Competition of Dithyrambs (6th century BC). Themes: Dionysus, legends. Improvvisation. Rural areas goatskins and goat dances. Archilos sung "when the lightning of the wine lighted his soul" The winner gained a Bull (killed in the sacrifice of the Great Dionysia)

21 Arion and Dithirambos

Arion and Dithirambos

According to the legend, Arion was the first musician to regulate the dithyramb in strophes and antistrophes, choruses and solo Etymology unknown: maybe twice-born

22 Antioch (Roman) mosaic, ca 250-300 AD

Antioch (Roman) mosaic, ca 250-300 AD

23 Athenian Festivals Oschophoria (autumn)
24 Chytroi ("Cooking-Pots")

Chytroi ("Cooking-Pots")

Satyr leading Basilinna - bride of Dionysos

25 Day 3: 13 of February

Day 3: 13 of February

Hiero Gamos: the Basilinna (Queen, wife of the Archon Basileus, a magistrate) was formally wedded with Dionysos (legend of Theseus and Ariadne) Ceremony strictly secret Offerings of the 14 geirai

26 Arrival of Dionysos the groom

Arrival of Dionysos the groom

27 Aiora Swinging Myth

Aiora Swinging Myth

"When Father Liber [Dionysos] went out to visit men in order to demonstrate the sweetness and pleasantness of his fruit, he came to the generous hospitality of Icarius and Erigone. To them he gave a skin full of wine as a gift and bade them spread the use of it in all the other lands. Loading a wagon, Icarius with his daughter Erigone and a dog Maera came to shepherds in the land of Attica, and showed them the kind of sweetness wine had. The shepherds, made drunk by drinking immoderately, collapsed, and thinking that Icarius had given them some bad medicine, killed him with clubs. The dog Maera, howling over the body of the slain Icarius, showed Erigone where her father lay unburied. When she came there, she killed herself by hanging in a tree over the body of her father.

28 Swinging festival

Swinging festival

Father Liber [Dionysos] afflicted the daughters of the Athenians with alike punishment. They asked an oracular response from Apollo concerning this, and he told them they had neglected he deaths of Icarius and Erigone. At this reply they exacted punishment from the shepherds, and in honour of Erigone instituted a festival day of swinging ." -Hyginus Fabulae 130

29 Floor mosaics from the late 2nd century House of Dionysos

Floor mosaics from the late 2nd century House of Dionysos

30 Athenian Festivals Oschophoria (autumn)
31 Aiora ("Swinging")

Aiora ("Swinging")

32 Athenian Festivals Oschophoria (autumn)
33 Al?tis

Al?tis

The song of the swing-ritual, in honour of Erigone

34 Other rites

Other rites

Vegetables were boiled and offered to Hermes as a guide of souls to the underworld People smeared doorways with pitch Hydrophoria: Young women carried water to a chasm in the ground near the temple of Zeus. Offering to those who died in the great flood which Zeus sent to punish humankind Spirit be gone, Anthesteria is over!

35 City or Great Dionisia 9th-13th of March

City or Great Dionisia 9th-13th of March

9th-13th of Elaphebolion (March "month of the deerkilling") Five days following the Spring Equinox Dionysius Eleutherion Mask of Dionysus 9th: Torchlight procession with the statue of Dionysus: from the temple near the Theatre to the Accademia Role of the ephebs (military training)

36 Great Dionysia

Great Dionysia

10th main procession opening the city Dionysia Sacrifices of bulls Procession of phalloi and basket-bearers Purification of the theatre: sacrifice of a pig Tragedies and comedies:17.000 spectators Plays: integral part of the festival Komos: males roaming the city with torches, auloi, harps and wine

37 Komos

Komos

38 Athenian Festivals Oschophoria (autumn)
39 Athenian Festivals Oschophoria (autumn)
40 Athenian Festivals Oschophoria (autumn)
41 Athenian Festivals Oschophoria (autumn)
42 offering to Dionysus (Attic votive relief) c. 400 B.C.E. (Athens:

offering to Dionysus (Attic votive relief) c. 400 B.C.E. (Athens:

Nat'l. Mus. Inv. 1500)

43 Athenian Festivals Oschophoria (autumn)
44 Lord of Chorus

Lord of Chorus

Lord of the chorus and theatre music

45 Athenian Festivals Oschophoria (autumn)
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