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Machaut and the Ars nova
Machaut and the Ars nova
Machaut and the Ars nova
Machaut and the Ars nova
Notre Dame School
Notre Dame School
14th-century
14th-century
I. Ars nova (lit
I. Ars nova (lit
Machaut and the Ars nova
Machaut and the Ars nova
II
II
If I love you with true faithful courage As I have loved and will love
If I love you with true faithful courage As I have loved and will love
II
II
Form of the Viralai:
Form of the Viralai:
III
III
D. Other Features: triple meter; dissonance
D. Other Features: triple meter; dissonance
E. Hocket (Hoquet) (= lit
E. Hocket (Hoquet) (= lit
F. Layers of meaning in Quant en moy:
F. Layers of meaning in Quant en moy:
Machaut and the Ars nova
Machaut and the Ars nova
Machaut and the Ars nova
Machaut and the Ars nova
Machaut and the Ars nova
Machaut and the Ars nova
Machaut and the Ars nova
Machaut and the Ars nova

Презентация на тему: «Machaut and the Ars nova». Автор: . Файл: «Machaut and the Ars nova.ppt». Размер zip-архива: 3742 КБ.

Machaut and the Ars nova

содержание презентации «Machaut and the Ars nova.ppt»
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1 Machaut and the Ars nova

Machaut and the Ars nova

Please take handout

2 Machaut and the Ars nova
3 Notre Dame School

Notre Dame School

Leonin & Perotin

Paris, ca. 1200 A. D.

Organum (pl. orgamum)

Tripla/Quadrupla

Organum/Discant Style

4 14th-century

14th-century

Centers of musical activity shift from cathedral to court

5 I. Ars nova (lit

I. Ars nova (lit

, The New Art)

Ars nova = Music in Late Middle Ages in France (1300s)

B. Ars nova named after treatise by

opposed to Ars antiqua (Notre Dame School, Leonin, Perotin, 1200s)

Philippe de Vitry

6 Machaut and the Ars nova
7 II

II

Guillaume de Machaut

A. Biography

B. Poetry

1. Ca. 1300-1377

1. courtly, complex, chivalric

Musical analogy = “My End Is My Beginning”

8 If I love you with true faithful courage As I have loved and will love

If I love you with true faithful courage As I have loved and will love

you still, And you have taken another in marriage, Must I be sent from you far? And will I be not even a memory? No, no, indeed: since there is in me A heart so true it eschews false art, You mustn’t divorce me from your heart. Rather, keep me here to serve on suffrage, As a slave you’ve bought, and paid the bill, Whose wish it is to commit no outrage. And you must love, and this thought fulfil, Your husband as husband see, And your friend as friend, dear as could be. And since in this you take honour’s part You mustn’t divorce me from your heart. And if your heart should learn to stray, No love would be ever betrayed so ill, As I should be: but you are so sage And your heart so gently nurtured, it will never dare to deceive me. In order to love elsewhere. So hear me: Since your sweet form, above all, I chart, You mustn’t divorce me from your heart.

10 9 10 9 8 9 9 9

9 II

II

Guillaume de Machaut

A. Biography

B. Poetry

C. I Should Lead a Happy Life (Je vivroire lement)

1. Ca. 1300-1377

1. courtly, complex, chivalric

Basic features: monophonic texture

clear rhythm and meter

secular lyrics

2. Virelai (one of several formes fixes)

=a Refrain Form (Refrain = words and music return, typically 2 or more times)

Form of the Virelai

10 Form of the Viralai:

Form of the Viralai:

A refrain

A bb’a A refrain stanza refrain

bb’a stanza

Phrases: 4

asymmetrical 8+8+8+12

Music of A w/ new words

11 III

III

Isorhythmic Motet (Quant en moy) (central musical genre of Ars nova)

A. Polyphonic (usually 3 voices)

B. Polytextual

C. Employs Isorhythmic Technique (usually in Tenor)

=compositional technique of Ars nova

based on the separability of pitch & rhythm

1. Borrowed Pitches = Color (30)

2. Rhythmic Pattern = Talea (5)

Triplum: top voice: poem #2, most active

Motetus: middle voice, poem #1 moderate speed

Tenor: lowest voice, least active, based on chant

2 poems (triplum/motetus) + chant text (implied)

Falsetto voice

viol

12 D. Other Features: triple meter; dissonance

D. Other Features: triple meter; dissonance

Talea or Rhythmic Pattern:

L

L

R

R S

L

L

13 E. Hocket (Hoquet) (= lit

E. Hocket (Hoquet) (= lit

hiccup)

Short rest in one voice filled by notes in another

She’s _____ up ______ dress-ing. she’ll be down in a jiffy

Look_____ her_____ face could launch 1000 ships

Espoir________d’avoir To hope to have Doubter________celer Fearing pretending

14 F. Layers of meaning in Quant en moy:

F. Layers of meaning in Quant en moy:

L

L

R

R S

L

L

Mathematical pattern/proportion

Complex interplay of 3 poetic texts

Biblical references in tenor (chant)

Hocket (more double meaning)

Text = Advice on chivalric love

Poems that are structurally complex

Purely musical interest: Musical counterpoint of 3 voices/3 speeds

Dissonance and hollow 5ths at cadences

15 Machaut and the Ars nova
16 Machaut and the Ars nova
17 Machaut and the Ars nova
18 Machaut and the Ars nova
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