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Windows Server 2012 or Windows 8 Installation
Windows Server 2012 or Windows 8 Installation
Installing Windows Server 2012 or Windows 8
Installing Windows Server 2012 or Windows 8
Download Process Walkthrough
Download Process Walkthrough
Logistics
Logistics
Windows Server 2012 Windows 8 Requirements
Windows Server 2012 Windows 8 Requirements
Hyper-V Requirements
Hyper-V Requirements
Dual Boot To VHD
Dual Boot To VHD
Demo
Demo
Intro to Hyper-V
Intro to Hyper-V
Hyper-V Role
Hyper-V Role
Virtual Network Adapter
Virtual Network Adapter
Virtual Networks
Virtual Networks
Virtual Hard Disk (VHD)
Virtual Hard Disk (VHD)
Virtual Machine Operations
Virtual Machine Operations
Dynamic Memory
Dynamic Memory
Dynamic Memory Settings
Dynamic Memory Settings
Native Boot To VHD
Native Boot To VHD
Introduction to Native Boot to VHD
Introduction to Native Boot to VHD
Benefits
Benefits
System and VHD Partitions
System and VHD Partitions
System and VHD Partitions
System and VHD Partitions
Common Scenarios
Common Scenarios
Install From Media Or Network Boot
Install From Media Or Network Boot
Preparing for Native Boot and BCDEdit
Preparing for Native Boot and BCDEdit
Limitations
Limitations
VHD Boot Guidelines
VHD Boot Guidelines
Creating Differencing Disks
Creating Differencing Disks
Thin Provisioning – Be Very Careful
Thin Provisioning – Be Very Careful
Resources
Resources
Tools Resources
Tools Resources
Windows Server capabilities
Windows Server capabilities
Call To Action
Call To Action
Logistics
Logistics
Resources
Resources
© 2012 Microsoft Corporation
© 2012 Microsoft Corporation

Презентация: «Windows Server 2012 or Windows 8 Installation». Автор: Jeremy Jenkins. Файл: «Windows Server 2012 or Windows 8 Installation.pptx». Размер zip-архива: 1961 КБ.

Windows Server 2012 or Windows 8 Installation

содержание презентации «Windows Server 2012 or Windows 8 Installation.pptx»
СлайдТекст
1 Windows Server 2012 or Windows 8 Installation

Windows Server 2012 or Windows 8 Installation

2 Installing Windows Server 2012 or Windows 8

Installing Windows Server 2012 or Windows 8

Dan Stolts, MCT, MCSA, MCITP… http://ITProGuru.com http://blogs.technet.com/DanStolts @itproguru CT, MA, ME, NH, VT, NY (upstate)

Virtualization Cloud System Center Management Infrastructure

3 Download Process Walkthrough

Download Process Walkthrough

ITProGuru.com or http://aka.ms/labs

Windows 8 Windows Server 2012 System Center 2012 Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1 Hyper-V Server 2008 R2

1. Go to Download Link

2. See the Download page

3. Enter or Establish your Live ID

4. Download Manager Begins – then cancel for Credit

4 Logistics

Logistics

Emergency Exit, Rest Room, Cell

Event Format

Continual Partnership

9 - Yeah, I learned plenty (A-) 8 - Cool event (B-) 7 - Action items to improve (C-) 6 – This is not good (D-) … You get the picture…

Score generously, actionable feedback

5 Windows Server 2012 Windows 8 Requirements

Windows Server 2012 Windows 8 Requirements

Windows 8

1 gigahertz (GHz) or faster 32-bit (x86) or 64-bit (x64) processor 1 gigabyte (GB) RAM (32-bit) or 2 GB RAM (64-bit) 16 GB available hard disk space (32-bit) or 20 GB (64-bit) DirectX 9 graphics device with WDDM 1.0 or higher driver Taking advantage of touch input requires a screen that supports multi-touch

Windows Server

1.4 GHz 64-bit processor 512 MB RAM 32 GB Disk Space Super VGA (800 x 600) or higher-resolution monitor DVD drive, Keyboard, mouse

6 Hyper-V Requirements

Hyper-V Requirements

Virtualization Technology

* X64 Architecture with Hardware Assisted Virtualization Likely found under Configuration then “Virtualization” or “Processor” Intel: Intel VT AMD: AMD-V

Execute Disable

* Hardware enabled Data Execution Prevention (DEP) Likely found under Configuration then “Security” Intel: XD bit (Execute Disable) AMD: NX bit (no Execute bit)

Hyper-V on Client MUST have SLAT ****

** Intel: EPT Intel processors whose names start with 'i', e.g. i3, i5, i7, i9 *** AMD: RVI/NPT **** SLAT is a feature of the CPU = Second Level Address Translation Samples: Lenovo T410, T510, W510, W520, T420s, T520, X201 Samsung 900x / Dell Precision M4600

* Bios Requirements for Enabling Hyper-V. Short video to show exactly where you might find these settings. http://aka.ms/BiosHyper-V ** Intel: There may be exceptions Any Intel CPUs based on Nehalem, Westmere, or Sandybridge micro-architectures (there may be exceptions) *** AMD Support http://support.amd.com/us/kbarticles/Pages/GPU120AMDRVICPUsHyperVWin8.aspx **** SLAT AKA Extended Page Tables (EPT) AKA Nested Page Tables (NPT) AKA Rapid Virtualization Indexing (RVI) More on TechNet regarding SLAT: http://social.technet.microsoft.com/wiki/contents/articles/1401.hyper-v-list-of-slat-capable-cpus-for-hosts.aspx

7 Dual Boot To VHD

Dual Boot To VHD

Start Installation Format Media (if doing bare metal install) You should be on the “Where do you want to install Windows?” screen of the installation press Shift-F10 to drop to command prompt Find installation drive (dir c:, dir d:, dir e:, etc) Diskpart Create vdisk file=e:\BootDemo.vhd type=expandable maximum=40000 Attach vdisk Exit Click “Refresh” button Select “New Drive” and perform normal installation Using this method, the BCD will be updated automatically

8 Demo

Demo

Demo

Installing Windows 8 or Installing Windows Server 2012

8

9 Intro to Hyper-V

Intro to Hyper-V

10 Hyper-V Role

Hyper-V Role

One checkbox followed by two reboots

10

11 Virtual Network Adapter

Virtual Network Adapter

Synthetic

Legacy

Not for PXE boot High performance

PXE bot support Emulated

11

12 Virtual Networks

Virtual Networks

External

Internal

Private

Communicate with the host computer and only other VMs on the same host,

Communicate with other computers on the network

Communicate only with other VMs on the same host

12

13 Virtual Hard Disk (VHD)

Virtual Hard Disk (VHD)

Fixed

Dynamic

Differencing

Storage allocated at creation time Best performance for production use

Size grows as data are brought in Small footprint and great for test/dev

Linked to a read-only parent disk as a base image Store only the delta

13

14 Virtual Machine Operations

Virtual Machine Operations

Export

Saves snapshots, VHDs, VMs, config XML

Import

Move/Co Move/Copy/Duplicate

Snapshot

Also known as checkpoint

Backup/Restore

Backup service provider

Migration

One-way process from Virtual Server 2005 R2

14

15 Dynamic Memory

Dynamic Memory

Hyper-V memory enhancement in Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1 and beyond Higher VM consolidation ratios on same hardware with minimal performance impact Memory is pooled and dynamically distributed across VMs to allow it to easily grow or shrink with no service interruption Active Memory addition Memory is added immediately when VM needs it Passive Memory reclamation Unutilized memory is collected every 5 minutes Supports both server and desktop VM Guests are enlightened Guest Integration Components installed Must be updated to latest version Memory is added and removed via synthetic memory driver (memory VSC) support

15

16 Dynamic Memory Settings

Dynamic Memory Settings

Startup RAM: Memory needed to boot VM Guest OS + Apps Default: 512MB Maximum RAM: Memory limit for the VM Default: 64GB Memory Buffer: Free memory to try to maintain in the VM Enables responsiveness for workload bursts Allows use for file cache Memory Priority: Order in which VMs are allocated memory Range: 1 (highest) - 10,000 Default: 5,000

16

17 Native Boot To VHD

Native Boot To VHD

What is Native Boot? Benefits and Performance Inside look at Boot to VHD Partitions Common Scenarios Installing … OS Media or Network Boot Step By Step – Native Boot to VHD with No underlying OS Step By Step – Native Boot to VHD with Underlying OS An Inside Look at BCDEdit Limitations Guidelines, Here is the proof => Next… http://aka.ms/Boot2VHD

18 Introduction to Native Boot to VHD

Introduction to Native Boot to VHD

What is a Virtual Hard Disk (VHD) Fixed Disks Larger (slower to deploy) Recommended for production systems Dynamic disks Grow as data is added Smaller (faster to deploy) As used with Virtual PC / Virtual Server / Hyper-V Supported Platforms Windows 7 (Enterprise, Ultimate) Windows Server 2008 R2 (Full and Core) Standard, Enterprise, Datacenter, Web Itanium-based systems Windows 8, Windows Server 2012 Tools (See Resources for details) DiskPart, Disk Management (MMC), BCDEdit, BCDBoot, DISM, Hyper-V Manager, Sysprep, ImageX (AIK)

19 Benefits

Benefits

Possible to boot a VHD directly on hardware using Hardware Manufacturer Drivers! Can run Windows Virtualization Platform Deploy either as physical or virtual using same file Use the same management tools Support multiple boot scenarios Fast deployment for re-usable environments Parent of a differencing disk can be a fixed, dynamic, or differencing disk (differencing chain) Negligible performance difference from Native

20 System and VHD Partitions

System and VHD Partitions

Parent volume of the VHD is available after boot with a different volume letter LOOK: Watch your disk space go to maximum VHD Capacity + Physical Used

Bootmgr

C:\Windows

BCD

C:\Pagefile.sys

C:\Vhd\Windows7Dynamic.vhd

System Partition

Primary Partition

Phy

Virtual

VHD

Physical Disk

21 System and VHD Partitions

System and VHD Partitions

Parent volume of the VHD is available after boot with a different volume letter LOOK: Watch your disk space go to maximum VHD Capacity + Physical Used

Bootmgr

C:\Windows

BCD

C:\Pagefile.sys

C:\Vhd\Windows7Dynamic.vhd

System Partition

Primary Partition

Phy

Virtual

VHD

Physical Disk

22 Common Scenarios

Common Scenarios

Native boot hardware with no installed OS Image management ‘Attach’ a VHD and access as a drive letter DISM (Deployment Image Management & Servicing) Common VHD image for both physical and virtual environments One or multiple local VHDs within a single partition E.g. for kiosk machines, early adopters Developers, Trainers Demo, Field Sales Proof of Concept Virtual Appliances Centrally stored VHDs for network deployment Copy locally and then start Network boot to VHD using WDS

23 Install From Media Or Network Boot

Install From Media Or Network Boot

Start Installation Format Media (if doing bare metal intsall) You should be on the “Where do you want to install Windows?” screen of the installation press Shift-F10 to drop to command prompt Find installation drive (dir c:, dir d:, dir e:, etc) Diskpart Create vdisk file=e:\BootDemo.vhd type=expandable maximum=40000 Attach vdisk Exit Click “Refresh” button Select “New Drive” and perform normal installation Using this method, the BCD will be updated automatically

24 Preparing for Native Boot and BCDEdit

Preparing for Native Boot and BCDEdit

If host system is Vista SP1: Replace Bootmgr and BcdEdit.exe with Windows 7 versions (BCDBoot) Create bootable VHD file Disk Manager, Hyper-V Manager, ImageX, SCVMM, DiskPart,Etc Copy bootable VHD to a directory on the host system (e.g. ‘c:\vhd\BootWin.vhd’) Use BcdEdit to copy the existing boot entry (from administrative cmd prompt) bcdedit /copy {current} /d “Windows VHD Boot” Look at the new entry bcdedit /v Use BcdEdit to Edit the VHD system bcdedit /set {GUID} device vhd=[c:]\vhd\BootWin.vhd bcdedit /set {GUID} osdevice vhd=[c:]\vhd\BootWin.vhd bcdedit /set {GUID} detecthal on Use BCDEdit to change the description, default start item, menu order, timeout, etc. bcdedit /set {GUID} description “New Menu Description Goes Here!” bcdedit /default {GUID} bcdedit /displayorder {GUID_1} {GUID_2} bcdedit /timeout 10 If using virtualization on the system… (Make sure you cold boot after making changes) Enable Virtualization in BIOS bcdedit /set {GUID} hypervisorlaunchtype auto

25 Limitations

Limitations

Native Boot is only for Windows 7 and 2008 R2 Native Boot does not support Hibernation Sleep mode is supported Native Boot does not support BitLocker No Over Allocation of Disk Space * No “Nested” boot to VHD Maximum size of dynamic VHD = 2TB (2048 GB) Parent of Differencing disk must be on same volume

26 VHD Boot Guidelines

VHD Boot Guidelines

Native VHD boot requires Windows 7 Boot Manager (Bootmgr) and BCDEdit utility Use BCDboot.exe from attached VHD Pagefile and boot manager are outside Virtual Hard Disk (VHD) Dynamic VHD expanded during boot Plan physical disk free space accordingly Store user data outside of the OS VHD

27 Creating Differencing Disks

Creating Differencing Disks

Create the VHD’s diskpart create vdisk file="D:\WIN7_Diff0.vhd" parent="D:\WIN7.vhd“ exit This takes care of creating the VHD’s and setting up the parent – child relationship. To be able to boot to the differencing disk, the BCD store will need to be updated to reflect our intended changes. Update the BCD store. BCDEdit.exe /set {GUID} device VHD=[D:]\Win7_Diff0.vhd BCDEdit.exe /set {GUID} osdevice VHD=[D:]\Win7_Diff0.vhd

28 Thin Provisioning – Be Very Careful

Thin Provisioning – Be Very Careful

Disk expansion happens when driver is loaded Cannot suppress expansion during Installation Stop Error if not enough physical space (Blue Screen) Registry entry will prevent the disk from expanding to its full size. Open the registry editor, browse to The location that’s displayed below and alter the value to “4”. [HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\services\FsDepends\Parameters] "VirtualDiskExpandOnMount"=dword:00000004 Strongly Recommend You NOT do this!!!! IF you run out of disk space, you will likely corrupt your VHD!

29 Resources

Resources

How to Perform Common Tasks http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/dd979534(WS.10).aspx What's New for IT Pros in Windows 7 http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/dd349334(WS.10).aspx What's New in Virtual Hard Disks http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/dd440864(WS.10).aspx What's New in Deployment Tools http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/dd744386(WS.10).aspx Windows(R) Image to Virtual Hard Disk (WIM2VHD) Converter http://code.msdn.microsoft.com/wim2vhd

30 Tools Resources

Tools Resources

Appendix: Tools, Scripts, and APIs. The following tools are included in Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 R2: DiskPart A command-line tool that you can use to create, attach, and detach VHDs. You can also perform more advanced tasks like compacting, expanding, and merging VHDs. For more information, see DiskPart on Microsoft TechNet (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=128458). Disk Management A Microsoft Management Console (MMC) snap-in that you can use to create, attach, and detach VHDs. BCDEdit A command-line tool that you use to manage boot configuration data (BCD) stores. For more information, see BCDEdit on Microsoft TechNet (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=128459). BCDBoot A command-line tool that you can use to manage and create new BCD stores and BCD boot entries. BCDBoot can be used to create a new boot entry when configuring a system to boot from a new VHD. For more information, see BCDBoot Command-Line Options on Microsoft TechNet (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=155166). Deployment Image Servicing and Management (DISM) A command-line tool that you use to apply updates, drivers, and language packs to a Windows image. For more information, see Deployment Image Servicing and Management Technical Reference on Microsoft TechNet (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=155029). Windows Hyper-V Manager An MMC snap-in that supports VHD image creation. You can specify the type and size of VHD and install Windows from a CD or DVD, or from an ISO Image file. The Hyper-V Manager is only available on computers that are running Windows Server 2008 or Windows Server 2008 R2 with the Hyper-V role installed. Sysprep A tool that enables you to remove user and computer-specific data from the operating system image. This enables you to capture the image and deploy it to other computers. For more information, see Sysprep Technical Reference on Microsoft TechNet (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=155027). The following tool are included in the Windows Automated Installation Kit (Windows AIK): ImageX A command line tool that enables you to capture, create, modify, and apply Windows images. For more information, see ImageX Technical Reference on Microsoft TechNet (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=155340).

31 Windows Server capabilities

Windows Server capabilities

Scenario capabilities

Technical capabilities

Infrastructure

Application

Client

Virtualization

Storage

Web and application platform

Networking

Management and automation

VDI

Identity and access

32 Call To Action

Call To Action

DOWNLOAD Windows Server 2012 Release Candidate Aka.ms/getwin2012

DOWNLOAD Microsoft System Center 2012 Evaluation Aka.ms/getsc2012

Follow Blog ITProGuru.com Microsoft Virtual Academy: aka.ms/mva

@ITProGuru

Hands-On Labs

33 Logistics

Logistics

Emergency Exit, Rest Room, Cell

Event Format

Continual Partnership

9 - Yeah, I learned plenty (A-) 8 - Cool event (B-) 7 - Action items to improve (C-) 6 – This is not good (D-) … You get the picture…

Score generously, actionable feedback

34 Resources

Resources

35 © 2012 Microsoft Corporation

© 2012 Microsoft Corporation

All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries. The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.

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