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Music of the classical period
Music of the classical period
What does the term Classical mean
What does the term Classical mean
Characteristics of the classical period
Characteristics of the classical period
All of the Classical composers were employed by various wealthy
All of the Classical composers were employed by various wealthy
Musical Characteristics
Musical Characteristics
Music Innovations
Music Innovations
The Symphonic Form
The Symphonic Form
The Symphonic Orchestra
The Symphonic Orchestra
The Sonata Form
The Sonata Form
Classical music
Classical music
The String Quartet
The String Quartet
Opera
Opera
The Opera
The Opera
Famous Classical Composers
Famous Classical Composers
Christoph Willibald Gluck
Christoph Willibald Gluck
Franz Joseph Haydn
Franz Joseph Haydn
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Ludwig Von Beethoven
Ludwig Von Beethoven
Franz Schubert
Franz Schubert
Instruments of the Classical Period
Instruments of the Classical Period
Conclusions
Conclusions
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Classical music

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1 Music of the classical period

Music of the classical period

The Classical Period 1750-1825

2 What does the term Classical mean

What does the term Classical mean

From 1750 artists, musicians and architects waned to get away from the strange opulence of the Baroque period and move to emulate the clean, uncluttered style of Classical Greece. The period is called Classical because of that desire to emulate the works of the ancient Greeks

3 Characteristics of the classical period

Characteristics of the classical period

The Church and Monarchs were no longer the principle benefactors of the arts due to the political upheaval in Europe at the time. The aristocracy were the main patrons of the arts. They wanted impersonal but tuneful music from their composers. This led to the term “absolute” music - which is music that is written for music’s sake.

4 All of the Classical composers were employed by various wealthy

All of the Classical composers were employed by various wealthy

patrons. Much of their music was written for parties, ceremonies, or simply as a commission for a new work. The center of Classical music was Vienna, which is where all of the major composers lived and worked. There was also a sense of Nationalism in the compositions.

5 Musical Characteristics

Musical Characteristics

Great attention to musical form Use of dynamics as thematic material Inclusion of percussion instruments Strong sense of tension and release Use of modulation Opera Use of comic and witty melodies

6 Music Innovations

Music Innovations

Symphonic form Sonata form String Quartets Huge popularity of the Opera Invention of the modern Piano, as well as many other instruments Theme and Variations

7 The Symphonic Form

The Symphonic Form

Mastered by Franz Joseph Haydn - he wrote 104 of them. An extended work for orchestra - usually 20 - 40 minutes in length.

8 The Symphonic Orchestra

The Symphonic Orchestra

9 The Sonata Form

The Sonata Form

The Sonata Form A one-movement piece for a solo instrument, usually accompanied by a piano - as opposed to a concerto, which is a multi-movement piece accompanied by an orchestra. There are three sections of a sonata- Exposition,Development,Recapitulation. All sonatas follow this form.

10
11 The String Quartet

The String Quartet

A composition for four solo string instruments: -2 Violins –1 Viola 1 Cello Each part is equally important. Haydn was the first to write one - he also mastered them. Piece usually has four movements similar to that of the symphonic form.

12 Opera

Opera

While opera was invented much earlier in musical history, it was during this period and the one that followed that most of the most famous operas were written - including: The Magic Flute The Marriage of Figaro Don Giovanni All of these operas were written by Mozart. Beethoven, Haydn and Schubert has no success with writing operas. An opera is basically a musical play with all of the words sung instead of spoken.

13 The Opera

The Opera

14 Famous Classical Composers

Famous Classical Composers

Christoph Willibald Gluck (1714-1787) Franz Joseph Haydn (1732-1809) Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791) Ludwig Von Beethoven (1770-1827) Franz Schubert (1797-1828)

15 Christoph Willibald Gluck

Christoph Willibald Gluck

16 Franz Joseph Haydn

Franz Joseph Haydn

17 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

18 Ludwig Von Beethoven

Ludwig Von Beethoven

19 Franz Schubert

Franz Schubert

20 Instruments of the Classical Period

Instruments of the Classical Period

Modern Flute Clarinet French Horn Valved Trumpet Trombone Percussion Piano

21 Conclusions

Conclusions

Most of the most famous composers in history come from this era. By 1825, the modern orchestra was almost fully in place (except for the tuba and low woodwinds). It was during this era that many of the most famous pieces of music were written, including symphonies and operas.

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